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Americas Newswire

Study: Male Fish Turn to Cannibalism When Paternity Uncertain; 'The Most Drastic Decision a Father Can Make'
Burnaby, Canada - Jan 19, 2007 16:26 EST

A study from the February issue of the American Naturalist is the first to demonstrate that male fish are more likely to eat their offspring when they have been cuckolded during the act of spawning. Moreover, the more males that...
 
Report: Intersex Fish Linked to Human Pollution; 'All Samples' Contained Endocrine-disrupting Compounds
Reston, Virginia - Jan 17, 2007 18:20 EST

The discovery of a high incidence of intersex (male fish exhibiting female characteristics) in smallmouth bass of the Potomac River Basin has prompted an investigation of water quality and wastewater discharge into the upper Potomac, and blood-plasma studies on this...
 
Researchers: Environmental Estrogens Can Have Long-term Effects on Fish Reproduction
St. Paul, Minnesota - Jan 16, 2007 18:02 EST

Researchers have determined that sewage plant effluents can affect not only individual aquatic organisms but also can have an impact on aquatic populations, reducing their long-term viability. The study is published in the latest issue of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. It...
 
Monterey Bay Aquarium Releases Great White Shark; 'Logistical Challenges' and Snout Abrasions Cited
Monterey, California - Jan 16, 2007 14:44 EST

A young male white shark on exhibit at the Monterey Bay Aquarium since September was tagged and returned to the wild shortly after sunrise today (Tuesday, January 16). It marks the second time in two years that the aquarium has...
 
Impact of Aircraft De-icers on Marine Aquatic Life Studied; Anti-icers More Toxic Than De-icers
Reston, Virginia - Jan 11, 2007 14:58 EST

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has been examining the relative toxicity to aquatic life from a variety of formulations used to remove or prevent dangerous ice buildup on aircraft. A recent study has confirmed that proprietary additives are responsible...
 
Panel: Strong, Clear Guidelines Needed to Regulate U.S. Offshore Marine Aquaculture
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Jan 11, 2007 14:43 EST

Congress should enact legislation to ensure that strong environmental standards are in place to regulate the siting and conduct of offshore marine aquaculture, according to an independent panel of leaders from scientific, policymaking, business, and conservation institutions. At the same...
 
Scientists: New Life Forms Discovered in the Arctic Ocean; 'Picobiliphytes'
Quebec City, Canada - Jan 11, 2007 14:40 EST

An international team of scientists including Université Laval biologist Connie Lovejoy has discovered new life forms in the Arctic Ocean. The team's findings are reported in the January 12 edition of the journal Science. The researchers have discovered a new group...
 
Researchers: Pacific, Indian Oceans Experience Twice the Amount of Nitrogen Fixing as Atlantic
Zurich, Switzerland - Jan 11, 2007 14:37 EST

The Atlantic Ocean doesn't receive the mother lode of fixed nitrogen, the building block of life, after all. Instead, comparing fathom for fathom, the Pacific and Indian oceans experience twice the amount of nitrogen fixing as the Atlantic, say researchers...
 
Key West Escape Artist Fined $60,000 After Disappearing Into Ocean During Halloween Prank
Key West, Florida - Jan 10, 2007 15:17 EST

An escape artist whose dive into the choppy waters of Key West Harbor prompted a two-day search-and-rescue mission now has to watch his money disappear. A Key West judge today ordered Michael Patrick, who performs as “Patrick the Escape Artist,” to...
 
Report: Less Lobster Traps and Less Time Means More Money and More Right Whales
Halifax, Nova Scotia - Jan 8, 2007 16:04 EST

By comparing the productivity of lobster fishing operations in American and Canadian waters of the Gulf of Maine, researchers have identified ways in which cost-saving alterations in fishing strategies can substantially reduce fishing-gear entanglements of the critically endangered North Atlantic...
 
Research: Larval Fish Use 'Elaborate Sensory Mechanisms' to Return to Their Home Coral Reefs
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Jan 8, 2007 15:50 EST

Tiny larval fish living among Australia’s Great Barrier Reef spend the early weeks of their lives swept up in ocean currents that can disperse them far from their places of birth. Given such a life history, one might assume that...
 
NOAA: Nutrient Pollution Increasing Along the New England, Mid-Atlantic Coasts
Washington, D.C. - Jan 5, 2007 16:24 EST

A NOAA research project shows nutrient pollution in estuaries, bays and harbors from the mid-Atlantic to New England is on the rise, showing excess nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus are a threat to coastal water quality nationwide. The study's findings...
 
Research: Fish Species Suffer as a Result of Warmer Waters
Potsdam, Germany - Jan 4, 2007 19:18 EST

Ongoing global climate change causes changes in the species composition of marine ecosystems, especially in shallow coastal oceans. This applies also to fish populations. Previous studies demonstrating a link between global warming and declining fish stocks were based entirely on...
 
Reader's Choice: Top Ten UnderwaterTimes.com Articles Read in 2006
Miami, Florida - Dec 30, 2006 13:43 EST

Ever wonder what is on the minds of UnderwaterTimes.com readers? Evidently, it's sex, sharks, and the strange... and sometimes, all three at the same time. Below are the top ten most read stories published by UnderwaterTimes.com. 1) Underwater...
 
How Many Genes Does it Take to Learn? Lessons from Sea Sugs
Gainsville, Florida - Dec 28, 2006 14:40 EST

Scientists analyzing the genomics of a marine snail have gotten an unprecedented look at brain mechanisms, discovering that the neural processes in even a simple sea creature are far from sluggish. At any given time within just a single brain cell...
 
Zebrafish's Ability to Regrow Limbs Studied; Genes Eyed as Chance for Human Limb Regeneration
Seattle, Washington - Dec 26, 2006 14:45 EST

If a zebrafish loses a chunk of its tail fin, it'll grow back within a week. Like lizards, newts, and frogs, a zebrafish can replace surprisingly complex body parts. A tail fin, for example, has many different types of cells...
 
UnderwaterTimes.com's 2006 Top Ten Underwater Stories of the Year
Miami, Florida - Dec 23, 2006 15:14 EST

UnderwaterTimes.com published links to over 3,000 stories in 2006, marking another year as the world’s leading portal for underwater news. 2006 also saw UnderwaterTimes.com website traffic grow by over 100% for another year. Thanks for your continued support....
 
Atlantic Marlin Considered for Endangered Species Review; Longling Fishing Implicated
Washington, D.C. - Dec 21, 2006 14:12 EST

The White Marlin, an imperiled billfish in the Atlantic Ocean, today took a significant step towards protection under the federal Endangered Species Act with the announcement of the launching of a formal status review of the species. Today’s announcement,...
 
Challenge to Puget Sound Orca Protection Denied; 'The Orcas Have Hope'
Seattle, Washington - Dec 21, 2006 13:27 EST

A federal court threw out a challenge to federal Endangered Species Act protections given to Puget Sound Southern Resident Orcas. The case was brought by the Building Industry Association of Washington and the Washington Farm Bureau. The court...
 
Group: Endangered Species Protection Sought for Black Abalone; Threatened by Overharvest, Disease and Global Warming
San Francisco, California - Dec 21, 2006 13:24 EST

The Center for Biological Diversity filed a formal administrative petition today seeking to have the Black Abalone protected under the federal Endangered Species Act. The Black Abalone, an intertidal invertebrate ranging from Coos Bay , Oregon to Cape San...
 
New Project Sees Divers Clean Up 10 Tons of Fishing Gear Lost Off California's Channel Islands
Davis, California - Dec 20, 2006 14:49 EST

Scuba divers helped recover nearly 10 tons of lost and abandoned fishing gear from the waters around the California Channel Islands, in the first year of a unique project based at UC Davis. The clean-up included nearly 250 commercial lobster...
 
Study: Moles and Shrews Can Smell Underwater; 'Odorant Molecules are all Water Soluble'
Nashville, Tennessee - Dec 20, 2006 14:29 EST

A Vanderbilt researcher has discovered that some stealthy mammals have been doing something heretofore thought impossible -- using the sense of smell under water. The results of the research by Vanderbilt’s Kenneth Catania, assistant professor of biology, were reported Dec. 21...
 
Study: Living Coral Reefs Provide Better Protection from Tsunami Waves than Dead Reefs
Princeton, New Jersey - Dec 20, 2006 14:15 EST

Healthy coral reefs provide their adjacent coasts with substantially more protection from destructive tsunami waves than do unhealthy or dead reefs, a Princeton University study suggests. Initially spurred by the tsunami that devastated the coastlines of the Indian Ocean two...
 
Research: Heat-Loving Microbe Able to Fix Nitrogen at 198 Fahrenheit; 'The First Life on Earth'
Seattle, Washington - Dec 20, 2006 14:11 EST

A heat-loving archaeon capable of fixing nitrogen at a surprisingly hot 92 degrees Celsius, or 198 Fahrenheit, may represent Earth’s earliest lineages of organisms capable of nitrogen fixation, perhaps even preceding the kinds of bacteria today's plants and animals rely...
 
Lawsuit Filed to Protect Alaskan Sea Otter Habitat from Oil Drilling
Washington, D.C. - Dec 19, 2006 16:00 EST

The Center for Biological Diversity filed a lawsuit today in federal district court in Washington, D.C., challenging the Bush administration’s refusal to designate critical habitat for imperiled Sea Otters in Alaska. Sea Otters in the Aleutian Islands and southwest Alaska...
 
Human-caused Pollution Damaging Prized Central American Reefs
Belize City, Belize - Dec 13, 2006 13:35 EST

More than 80 percent of the sediment and 50 percent of the pollutants entering the coastal waters of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef originate from human activities in nearby mountainous Honduras, according to the World Resources Institute (WRI), in an analysis...
 
When Shrimp are Involved, Gender Counts in Acquiring Food; Males Always Beat Females to Food
Waimanalo, Hawaii - Dec 13, 2006 13:17 EST

Shrimp Farming Industry Could Benefit From New Information on Feeding Patterns A new study in Journal of the World Aquaculture Society suggests that, while larger shrimp consistently win over smaller shrimp of the same gender when competing for food, male...
 
Researchers: Squid-Inspired Vortex Generators Could Mean Better Propulsion for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles
Boulder, Colorado - Dec 12, 2006 13:54 EST

Inspired by the sleek and efficient propulsion of squid, jellyfish and other cephalopods, a University of Colorado at Boulder researcher has designed a new generation of compact vortex generators that could make it easier for scientists to maneuver and dock...
 
NOAA Awards Grants to Study Gulf of Mexico Dead Zones
Washington, D.C. - Dec 11, 2006 17:05 EST

NOAA awarded the first year of funding for multi-year grants totaling $2,259,872 that will support research into the causes and impacts of the hypoxic zone in the northern Gulf of Mexico known as the Dead Zone. These projects are funded...
 
Small, Smaller, Smallest -- The Plight of the Vaquita Highlighted in New Research
San Diego, California - Dec 10, 2006 16:14 EST

Research published in the academic journal Mammal Review has uncovered the missing link in the depleting population of the vaquita. With a body less than 1.5 m long, the vaquita is the smallest living cetacean (the order Cetacea consists of...
 
Mexican, Japanese and U.S. Fishermen Celebrate Sea Turtle's Epic Journey
Honolulu, Hawaii - Dec 8, 2006 11:25 EST

A group of 20 fishermen, researchers and resource managers from Mexico, Japan and the United States gathered in November to commemorate the 10th anniversary of Adelita's track from Baja California Sur to Japan-the first loggerhead sea turtle to provide physical...
 
Jaws Under Ice: Mysterious Arctic Shark Found in Quebec; 'Their Eyes Swivel and Follow You'
Drummondville, Canada - Dec 7, 2006 17:44 EST

In the frigid, murky waters of the St. Lawrence River in Québec, UBC marine biologist and veterinarian Chris Harvey-Clark is painting a clearer picture of a mysterious predator that could be the longest-lived vertebrate on the planet. The Greenland shark typically...
 
NASA: Satellites Show Fish Stocks to Fall as Oceans Warms; 'Earth's Climate is Changing Dramatically'
Greenbelt, Maryland - Dec 7, 2006 16:59 EST

In a NASA study, scientists have concluded that when Earth's climate warms, there is a reduction in the ocean's primary food supply. This poses a potential threat to fisheries and ecosystems. By comparing nearly a decade of global ocean satellite data...
 
Genetic Archaeology Offers Cues to Backstory of Male Pregnancy; 'Old Genes Gaining New Tricks'
East Lansing, Michigan - Dec 5, 2006 17:08 EST

A bit of genetic archaeology is giving clues to one of the greatest gender bending mysteries in the world of fish: How did a family of fish come to embrace male pregnancy? A new gene discovered in the gulf pipefish...
 
Research: Southern Ocean Could Slow Global Warming; 'This Isn't an Unqualified Good'
Phoenix, Arizona - Dec 5, 2006 16:51 EST

The Southern Ocean may slow the rate of global warming by absorbing significantly more heat and carbon dioxide than previously thought, according to new research. The Southern Hemisphere westerly winds have moved southward in the last 30 years. A new climate...
 
Company Introduces Fish'n Flush, Part Toilet, Part Fish Tank; 'An Attention Getter'
Westminster, California - Dec 4, 2006 16:49 EST

AquaOne Technologies, Inc., based in Westminster, Calif., has unveiled a product that allows consumers to put fish in the toilet while they're still alive. The Fish-n-Flush toilet tank contains a fully functioning aquarium and is designed to replace most standard tanks,...
 
Discovery Channel to Air 'Ocean's Deadliest' as Part of Steve Irwin Tribute
Silver Spring, Maryland - Dec 1, 2006 15:24 EST

Early this fall, the international community mourned the premature loss of animal expert and conservationist Steve Irwin, "The Crocodile Hunter." The world was stunned and the outpouring of condolences was immeasurable. Irwin touched so many lives -- adults and children...
 
Scientists: Seagrass Ecosystems at a 'Global Crisis'; Elevating Public Awareness 'Critical'
Washington, D.C. - Dec 1, 2006 14:41 EST

An international team of scientists is calling for a targeted global conservation effort to preserve seagrasses and their ecological services for the world’s coastal ecosystems, according to an article published in the December issue of Bioscience, the journal of the...
 
Bad Shamu: Trainer Hospitalized After SeaWorld Killer Whale Attacks; 'Pulled Down Twice'
San Diego, California - Nov 29, 2006 19:50 EST

A killer whale attacked a trainer during a show Wednesday at SeaWorld Adventure Park, sending the man to the hospital but sparing him serious injury, authorities said. Firefighters were prepared to rescue the 33-year-old trainer from the pool after receiving a...
 
Florida Kite-Boarder Blown 300 Yards Ashore by Wind Gust, Hits Parked Car, Fence, Tree; 'Lucky to be Alive'
West Palm Beach, Florida - Nov 29, 2006 06:59 EST

Doctors said a Jupiter teenager involved in a near-fatal kite-boarding accident off Jupiter Beach should have a full recovery. Medical officials said 17-year-old Conner Kempe, a star quarterback at The Benjamin School, is lucky to be alive after a strong...
 

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