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Europe Newswire

Mediterranean Nations Defer EU Decision On Bluefin Tuna Trade Ban; 'Blinkered Attitude'
Brussels, Belgium - Sep 21, 2009 21:10 EST

Opposition from Mediterranean governments at a meeting of EU national representatives in Brussels today has postponed a decision on whether to place bluefin tuna on an endangered species list and effectively ban its trade. EU environment ministers are now expected...
 
Keeping An Eye On The Oceans: Scientists Plan Long-term Future Of Ocean Observation Systems
Darmstadt, Germany - Sep 20, 2009 16:46 EST

In the last ten years, scientists have set up a global observing system to monitor the world's oceans. The observation system works by combining satellite observations with data from in-water recording devices such as buoys, tide gauges and an array...
 
Scientists Digging Deeper Below Antarctica's Lake Vida; 'The Main Goal Is To Get Into That Brine Pocket'
Chicago, Illinois - Sep 14, 2009 21:36 EST

Antarctica's Lake Vida, a geologic curiosity that is essentially an ice bottle of brine, is home to some of the oldest and coldest living organisms on Earth. Perpetually covered by more than 60 feet of ice, the brine below --...
 
'Lucky Luke' Of The Seas: How Ambush-feeding Zooplankton Capture Prey
Copenhagen, Denmark - Sep 3, 2009 16:50 EST

Could you filter 100,000 cubic metres of syrup every day to find food in a concentration of two grains of rice per cubic metre? This is what zooplankters, such as copepods, do every day, gathering microscopic food particles (algae etc.) from...
 
TV Scuba Secures Placement In Top 48 Channel Global Delivery Deal; 'From Strength To Strength'
Brighton, U.K. - Sep 3, 2009 15:45 EST

TV Scuba has secured a place, alongside 47 other channels, to be delivered worldwide via the recent partnership between Global Digital Broadcast (GDBTV) and Verismo Networks. TV Scuba is the first dedicated television channel to showcase the very best in...
 
Robotic Applications Eyed As Scientists Decode Mathematics Behind Fish's Lateral-line System
Munich, Germany - Aug 28, 2009 18:29 EST

Fish and some amphibians possess a unique sensory capability in the so-called lateral-line system. It allows them, in effect, to "touch" objects in their surroundings without direct physical contact or to "see" in the dark. Professor Leo van Hermmen and...
 
Researcher: Risks Involved With Transgenic Fish; Should Be Bred In Closed Systems On Land
Gothenburg, Sweden - Aug 27, 2009 14:55 EST

Fast growing transgenic fish can revolutionise commercial fish farming and relieve the pressure on overexploited fish stocks. But what happens in the natural environment if transgenic fish escape? Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have studied transgenic fish on behalf...
 
Research: Warming Oceans Triggering Release Of Greenhouse Gases From Seabed
Southampton, U.K.e - Aug 14, 2009 17:28 EST

The warming of an Arctic current over the last 30 years has triggered the release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, from methane hydrate stored in the sediment beneath the seabed. Scientists at the National Oceanography Centre Southampton working in collaboration...
 
'Doctor Fish' Help Heal Psoriasis In Greek Hot Spa Pool
Sivas, Greece - Aug 10, 2009 22:09 EST

Garra rufa obtusas, also known as "doctor fish", swim around the face of a man as he relaxes in a hot spa pool in Kangal, 105 kilometers (65 miles) south of the central Anatolian city of Sivas August 9, 2009....
 
Research: Bowhead Whales Sing Love Songs In Different Voices; 'Part Of The Eternal Struggle To Obtain A Mate'‎
Copenhagen, Denmark - Aug 3, 2009 22:43 EST

It is now generally accepted that the bowhead whale is the longest lived mammal on the planet, with a lifespan of over 200 years. But that it can sing with "more than one voice" and that it changes its repertoire...
 
Research: Iron Isotopes Has Potential As A Tool In Oceanography; 'We Are Excited By Our Findings'
Southampton, U.K. - Jul 31, 2009 17:53 EST

New research involving scientists from the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (NOCS) highlights the potential utility of iron isotopes for addressing important questions in ocean science. The findings are published in the August edition of the journal Geology. Large regions of the...
 
Scientists: North Atlantic Could Be Massive CO2 Sink; 'Iron Limitation Hypothesis' Test Result 'Extremely Exciting'
Southampton, Hampshire - Jul 8, 2009 21:32 EST

Southampton scientists have demonstrated an unexpected role of iron in regulating biological production in the high-latitude North Atlantic. Their findings have important implications for our understanding of ocean-climate interactions. Tiny plant-like organisms called phytoplankton dominate biological production in the sunlit surface...
 
Underwater Archaeologists Race To Preserve The World’s Oldest Submerged Town
Nottingham, UK - May 12, 2009 12:30 EST

The oldest submerged town in the world is about to give up its secrets — with the help of equipment that could revolutionise underwater archaeology. The ancient town of Pavlopetri lies in three to four metres of water just off...
 
Scientists Analyze Effects Of Underwater Noise On Sperm Whales; 19% Lower Buzz Rate 'non-conclusive'
Fife, Scotland - May 7, 2009 17:58 EST

Scientists are investigating whether or not noise generated by the oil and gas industry might affect the day-to-day behaviour of sperm whales. Dr Patrick Miller from the University of St Andrews and colleagues have undertaken deep-sea research to investigate whether or...
 
Researchers Gain Key Insight Into Fish Disease Devastating UK's Farmed Fish Stocks
Wiltshire, U.K. - May 4, 2009 18:32 EST

Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) have gained a key insight into a disease that is devastating the UK’s fish farming industry. The researchers have discovered that fish can harbour and spread proliferative kidney disease...
 
Researchers Develop Underwater Robot With A Sense Of Touch; Strain Gauge Key To 'tactile Capability'
Munich, Germany - May 4, 2009 17:53 EST

Maintenance of offshore drilling rigs or underwater cables, taking samples of sediment – underwater robots perform a variety of deep-sea tasks. Research scientists now aim to equip robots with tactile capability so that they can orientate themselves better under the...
 
WWF: European Fleet Implicated As Excessive Cod Bycatch Stalls Recovery Of Grand Banks
Halifax, Nova Scotia - May 2, 2009 19:35 EST

Cod bycatch was at least 70 per cent higher than target levels on the southern Grand Banks near Canada, holding back recovery of one of the world’s best known fisheries following its spectacular collapse and closure in the early 1990s. Information...
 
Gender Bending Shrimps Help Researchers To Find Sex Genes; 'Completely New Territory For Scientists'
Portsmouth, U.K. - Mar 19, 2009 17:49 EST

A scientist at the University of Portsmouth has won a half a million pound grant to further his research on the mysterious ability of some shrimp to change sex. Dr Alex Ford from the Institute of Marine Sciences will lead the...
 
No Ordinary Lobster: Fossil Fragments Reveal 500-million-year-old Monster Predator With 'Large Carapace'
Uppsala, Sweden - Mar 19, 2009 17:15 EST

Hurdia victoria was originally described in 1912 as a crustacean-like animal. Now, researchers from Uppsala University and colleagues reveal it to be just one part of a complex and remarkable new animal that has an important story to tell about...
 
Experts: Deep Sea Fishing Impacts Greater Than Thought; 'Deep-water Fisheries Are Unsustainable'
Glasgow, Scotland - Mar 12, 2009 14:59 EST

Scientists have long known that commercial fishing affects deep-water fish numbers, but its effects appear to be felt twice as deep as previously thought. Dr David Bailey of the University of Glasgow, who led the study - published in the journal...
 
New Antarctic Fish Discovered In The Bellingshausen Sea; 'Completely' Unknown
Barcelona, Spain - Mar 5, 2009 15:05 EST

The new species of Antarctic fish, Gosztonyia antarctica, has been discovered at a depth of 650 metres in the Bellingshausen Sea in the Antarctic Ocean, an area which has not been studied since 1904 and where the fauna is 'completely'...
 
Oldest Fossil Brain Found In Kansas And Imaged In France; 'It Is Really Bizarre'
Paris, France - Mar 2, 2009 20:46 EST

When Alan Pradel of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris CAT scanned a 300-million-year-old fossilized iniopterygian from Kansas, he and his colleagues saw a symmetrical blob nestled within the braincase. This turned out to be the oldest brain found...
 
Researchers Expose Sherlock Holmes Of The Marine World; 'Physiological Basis For Color Vision'
Brisbane, Australia - Feb 25, 2009 21:27 EST

Scientists from The University of Queensland have revealed a coral reef fish has been successfully living incognito by using its colour-changing ability. Lead author of the study Dr Karen Cheney, from UQ's School of Biological Sciences, said the blue-striped fangblenny...
 
Research: Oceanic Seesaw Links Northern And Southern Hemisphere During Abrupt Climate Change
Cardiff, Wales - Feb 25, 2009 18:44 EST

Very large and abrupt changes in temperature recorded over Greenland and across the North Atlantic during the last Ice Age were actually global in extent, according to an international team of researchers led by Cardiff University. New research, published in the...
 
The Underwater Channel.tv Launches Contest To Find 'The Face Of Australia'
London, England - Feb 9, 2009 11:42 EST

A new international competition has been launched by The Underwater Channel.tv and PADI to find an experienced and knowledgeable Aussie diver with bags of confidence and charisma to join The Underwater Channel.tv's team of presenters. The new presenter would...
 
Study: Fish Show No Such Thing As A 'Born Leader'; Social Feedback Eyed As Key Factor
Cambridge, UK - Jan 29, 2009 14:28 EST

Followers are just as important to good leadership as are the leaders themselves, reveals a new study of stickleback fish published online on January 29th in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. By randomly pairing fish of varying degrees of "boldness,"...
 
Review Clears Controversial Southern Ocean Iron 'Fertilization' Experiment; 'Germany Remains A Reliable Partner'
Bremerhaven, Germany - Jan 28, 2009 17:52 EST

After an extensive scientific review, a controversial "ocean fertilization" experiment has the OK to procede. The German science ministry had earlier suspended a planned Indo–German ocean fertilization experiment in the Southern Ocean, and asked the German research institute behind...
 
Researchers: Unchecked Global Warming Would Lead To Dramatic Expansion Of Dead Zones In The Oceans
Copenhagen, Denmark - Jan 25, 2009 19:26 EST

Unchecked global warming would leave ocean dwellers gasping for breath. Dead zones are low-oxygen areas in the ocean where higher life forms such as fish, crabs and clams are not able to live. In shallow coastal regions, these zones can...
 
Study Links Water Pollution With Declining Male Fertility; 'Anti-androgens' From Drugs, Pesticides Inhibit Testosterone
Exeter, U.K. - Jan 19, 2009 18:08 EST

New research strengthens the link between water pollution and rising male fertility problems. The study, by Brunel University, the Universities of Exeter and Reading and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, shows for the first time how a group of...
 
Slow Growing Cave Sponges Play Surprising Role In Coral Reef Health
Groningen, The Netherlands - Jan 16, 2009 17:15 EST

Tropical oceans are known as the deserts of the sea. And yet this unlikely environment is the very place where the rich and fertile coral reef grows. Dutch researcher Jasper de Goeij investigated how caves in the coral reef ensure...
 
Research: Fish Poop Helps Balance Ocean's Acid Levels; 'A Long-standing Puzzle Facing Marine Chemists'
Exeter, U.K. - Jan 15, 2009 15:21 EST

Research published today reveals the major influence of fish on maintaining the delicate pH balance of our oceans, vital for the health of coral reefs and other marine life. The discovery, made by a team of scientists from the UK, US...
 
Ice Age: 'Cruel Trick Of Nature' Threatens Recovering Brit Bass Stocks; 'Tragedy' For Class Of 2008
Kent, United Kingdom - Jan 12, 2009 09:45 EST

“A cruel trick of nature threatens the first positive signs of a recovery in the recruitment of bass stocks” says John Leballeur, Chairman of the Bass Anglers’ Sportfishing Society’s Bass Restoration team. “Following three disastrous years when bass recruitment seemed...
 
Unusual Microbial Ropes Found Growing Slowly In Cave Lake; 'Extra-cellular Polymeric Substance'
University Park, Pennsylvania - Dec 19, 2008 18:51 EST

Deep inside the Frasassi cave system in Italy and more than 1,600 feet below the Earth's surface, divers found filamentous ropes of microbes growing in the cold water, according to a team of Penn State researchers. "Sulfur caves are a...
 
Brit Group, MPs Lobby Prime Minister For A Seal Ceasefire; 'The Government Must Act'
London, UK - Dec 18, 2008 08:35 EST

On Tuesday 16th December Liberal Democratic MP for Lewes 'Norman Baker' and Labour MP for Stoke-on-Trent South 'Robert Flello' joined campaigners at 10 Downing Street calling for an immediate and comprehensive ban on the deliberate killing of all seals in...
 
Report: 20% Of World's Corals Already Dead; Climate Change Tipping Point 'Less Than A Decade Away'
Pozan, Poland - Dec 10, 2008 13:57 EST

Increasing pressures from climate change will reach a tipping point in less than a decade triggering a significant decline in the health of the planet's coral reef ecosystems according to the findings in an international report issued today. Released by the...
 
Study: Fish Choose Their Leaders By Consensus; Prefer 'Fat Over Thin, Healthy Over Ill'
Uppsala, Sweden - Nov 13, 2008 16:34 EST

Just after Americans have headed to the polls to elect their next president, a new report in the November 13th issue of Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, reveals how one species of fish picks its leaders: Most of the...
 
Researcher: Coral Reefs Found Growing In The Ice-cold, Ink-black Depths Of The Atlantic
Den Haag, The Netherlands - Nov 4, 2008 19:08 EST

Imagine descending in a submarine to the ice-cold, ink-black depths of the ocean, 800 metres under the surface of the Atlantic. Here the tops of the hills are covered in large coral reefs. NIOZ-researcher Furu Mienis studied the formation of...
 
Report: Illegal Shark Fishing Compounds Global Shortfall As Asian Market Fuels Demand
Cambridge, UK - Nov 3, 2008 21:52 EST

As the world’s demand for sharks continues to grow, shark populations are plummeting. The Asian market for shark fin is the key driver of shark fishing globally and is fuelling illegal fishing and high levels of legitimate shark fishing of...
 
Research: Coral Bleaching Disturbs Structure Of Fish Communities; MPA's Have Little Impact On Recovery
Paris, France - Oct 28, 2008 22:18 EST

There is no longer any shadow of a doubt about the impact of global warming on coral reefs. A rise of a few degrees in sea surface temperature induces the expulsion of essential microscopic algae which live in symbiosis with...
 
Researchers: Climate Change Will Have Different Effects On Lakes In Warmer And Colder Regions
Magdeburg, Germany - Oct 21, 2008 20:52 EST

Climate change will have different effects on lakes in warmer and colder regions of the globe. This is the conclusion reached by Japanese and German researchers following studies of very deep caldera lakes in Japan. Scientists from Hokkaido University, the...
 

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