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Genes From Tiny Marine Algae Suggest Unsuspected Avenues For New Research; 'No One Knows What They Do'
Moss Landing, California - Apr 14, 2009 16:47 EST

By sequencing the DNA of two tiny marine algae, a team of scientists has opened up a myriad of possibilities for new research in algal physiology, plant biology, and marine ecology. The project was led by Alexandra Worden at the...
 
The Vandenberg Leaves For Key West; 13-year Process To Create Artificial Reef Clears 'Major Hurdle'
Key West, Florida - Apr 12, 2009 19:41 EST

The Vandenberg is finally headed to Key West and the last steps in a 13-year process to create the newest artificial reef in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Sunday, tugboats eased the 523-foot-long retired Air Force missile tracking ship...
 
Cousteau Campaign Launched On Toxic Flame Retardants, Impacts On Human Health And Marine Environment
Santa Barbara, California - Apr 9, 2009 16:05 EST

During a recent expedition, Jean-Michel Cousteau and his Ocean Futures Society team were faced with an alarming fact: many populations of killer whales are contaminated with toxic, synthetic flame retardant chemicals known as PBDEs. The most toxic of these flame...
 
Animal Planet's Controverisal 'WHALE WARS' Embarks On Another Season Of Antarctic Drama
New York, New York - Apr 8, 2009 19:05 EST

Last month, when the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society vessel The Steve Irwin docked in Hobart, Tasmania, it was met by two dozen members of the Australian Federal Police. They were there to confiscate hundreds of hours of videotape, launching an...
 
Animal Planet's 'River Monsters' Reels In Best Series Debut In Network History
New York, New York - Apr 8, 2009 17:48 EST

This past Sunday evening, Animal Planet and extreme angler Jeremy Wade’s new series RIVER MONSTERS made a huge splash during its premiere, snaring a big audience with 1,020,000 homes (1.1 household rating) and 647,000 P25-54 viewers, making it the network’s...
 
Scientists: Stalagmites Reveal Rapid Sea Level Rise; Ice Sheets Might Melt Faster Than Previously Thought
Canberra, Australia - Apr 8, 2009 17:32 EST

The world’s ice sheets might melt much faster than previously thought, according to a new study that used submerged stalagmites to provide some of the first firm evidence of ancient sea level rise. Researchers from Australia and Europe dated the age...
 
Biologists Use DNA To Study Migration Of Threatened Whale Sharks; 'The Only Real Threat Is Us'
Chicago, Illinois - Apr 7, 2009 13:34 EST

Whale sharks -- giants of the fish world that strike terror only among tiny creatures like the plankton and krill they eat -- are imperiled by over-fishing of the species in parts of its ocean range. That threat is underscored in...
 
Seafloor Mud Volcanoes And Brine Pools Reveal New Information On Their Microbial Processes
Athens, Georgia - Apr 6, 2009 19:39 EST

Everyone knows of volcanoes and their ability to do anything from burying cities to changing the climate. Less-well-known are mud volcanoes, vents bubbling gases and a slurries of fine solids suspended in liquids. The most familiar of the latter are...
 
Study Reveals The Genetic Secrets Of The Pacific Sea Louse; 'First We Need To Do The Basic Science'
Victoria, British Columbia - Apr 6, 2009 19:04 EST

Sea lice found in the Pacific Ocean are very different genetically from sea lice in the Atlantic Ocean, a study team co-led by a University of Victoria researcher has found. The discovery could have significant management implications for wild fisheries and...
 
The Fragility Of The World's Coral Is Revealed Through A Study Of The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Santa Barbara, California - Apr 6, 2009 18:42 EST

A new study by researchers from UC Santa Barbara's National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) sheds light on how threats to the world's endangered coral reef ecosystems can be more effectively managed. In a recent issue of the journal...
 
NOAA Reports Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Reef Ecosystems In Good Condition
Washington, DC - Apr 2, 2009 18:37 EST

Marine life and habitats at Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument are in good overall condition, but face emerging threats, according to a new NOAA report on the monument’s health. Prepared by NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, the peer-reviewed Papahānaumokuākea Marine...
 
Research: Evolution Of Fins, Limbs Linked With That Of Gills; 'Genetic Architecture... Is The Same'
Chicago, Illinois - Apr 2, 2009 13:51 EST

The genetic toolkit that animals use to build fins and limbs is the same toolkit that controls the development of part of the gill skeleton in sharks, according to research published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by...
 
UN Report: Overfishing Threatening Stocks Of Sea Cumbers; Asian Markets Put Pressure On Population
Rome, Italy - Apr 1, 2009 17:15 EST

For many in the western world, they're a summer oddity — strange blobs we sometimes see bobbing about on the seafloor beneath us during a day at the beach. But across Asia, sea cucumbers have long been a staple in peoples'...
 
Scientists Help Decode Mysterious Green Glow Of The Sea; Bioluminescence Linked To Mating, Defense
San Diego, California - Apr 1, 2009 16:38 EST

Many longtime sailors have been mesmerized by the dazzling displays of green light often seen below the ocean surface in tropical seas. Now researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have uncovered key clues about the bioluminescent...
 
Roni Avissar Named Dean Of The University Of Miami's Rosenstiel School Of Marine And Atmospheric Science
Coral Gables, Florida - Mar 31, 2009 12:51 EST

Roni Avissar, a Duke University climatologist who has studied the way Amazon deforestation affects precipitation patterns around the world and was one of the first to employ a specially equipped helicopter to collect environmental data, today was named the new...
 
Biologists Demonstrate That Size Matters…in Snail Shells; 'A Stunning Observation'
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - Mar 28, 2009 20:17 EST

A team of biologists at the University of Pennsylvania has completed a research study begun in 1915 and determined that a snail making its home in the northwest Atlantic Ocean around Mount Desert Island, Me., has experienced a dramatic increase...
 
Research: Crabs Not Only Suffer Pain But Remember It As Well; 'Not A Simple Reflex'
Belfast, Ireland - Mar 27, 2009 16:58 EST

New research published by a Queen's University Belfast academic has shown that crabs not only suffer pain but that they retain a memory of it. The study, which looked at the reactions of hermit crabs to small electric shocks, was carried...
 
Study: Fish Mega-shoals Could Be World's Biggest Animal Group
Cambridge, Massachusetts - Mar 26, 2009 18:29 EST

For the first time, MIT engineers and colleagues have observed the initiation of a mass gathering and subsequent migration of hundreds of millions of animals — in this case, fish. The work, conducted using a novel imaging technique, "provides information essential...
 
Research: Big-clawed Crayfish Win Fights By Cheating; 'Size Was Not An Accurate Indicator Of Strength'
Queensland, Australia - Mar 26, 2009 18:20 EST

A study conducted at UQ's Moreton Bay Research Station has found, when it comes to crayfish, size really does matter. Dr Robbie Wilson and researchers from UQ's Integrative Ecology Lab found crayfish with larger claws could trick opponents into believing...
 
Study: Dust Plays Large Role In Determining Atlantic Temperature; Upward Trend Just 'Dust Storms And Volcanoes'
Madison, Wisconsin - Mar 26, 2009 18:05 EST

The recent warming trend in the Atlantic Ocean is largely due to reductions in airborne dust and volcanic emissions during the past 30 years, according to a new study. Since 1980, the tropical North Atlantic has been warming by an average...
 
Research: Smaller Fishes Had A Better Chance Of Avoiding Extinction; 'The Same Thing Is Happening Today'
Chicago, Illinois - Mar 26, 2009 17:40 EST

Large size and a fast bite spelled doom for bony fishes during the last mass extinction 65 million years ago, according to a new study to be published March 31, 2009, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences....
 
Recreational Divers Asked To Join Atocha Spanish Galleon Treasure Search Off Florida Keys
Key West, Florida - Mar 26, 2009 17:11 EST

For the first time, adventure-hungry certified divers can work alongside professional treasure salvage experts excavating the wrecksite of the , one of the most significant shipwreck discoveries of the 20th century. The weeklong Atocha Dive Adventure includes training in commercial...
 
You Don’t Call, You Don’t Write: Connectivity Between Marine Reserves Revealed In Fish Populations
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Mar 25, 2009 18:04 EST

Children of baby boomers aren’t the only ones who have taken to setting up home far from where their parents live. A new study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences documents how larval dispersal...
 
Red Sea Farasan Banks Coral Reef Expedition Set To Launch; Last Surveyed Six Decades Ago By Cousteau
Landover, Maryland - Mar 25, 2009 17:29 EST

The final expedition of a four-year collaborative coral reef research program along the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia will occur April 4-28, 2009, in an area known as the Farasan Banks. The expedition will be conducted from the research...
 
Pharmaceuticals Discovered In Fish In Five Major US Cities; 'Highest Concentrations In Fish Livers'
Waco, Texas - Mar 25, 2009 17:17 EST

Baylor University researchers, working with the United States Environmental Protection Agency, have detected low-level residues of several human medications and personal care products in fish collected from effluent-dominated rivers, including the residue of one pharmaceutical in wild fish that has...
 
Illegal Gillnet Fishermen Snagged With 4,000 Pounds Of Fish Off Florida Coast; 'We Are Out There'
Tallahassee, Florida - Mar 25, 2009 17:06 EST

Officers with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) “netted” a big one. The FWC arrested four men for gill-netting in state waters and seized approximately 48,000 square feet in monofilament entangling nets and 4,000 pounds of fish. The...
 
Researchers: Coral Off Hawaiian Coast May Be Oldest Living Marine Animals Known To Man
Livermore, California - Mar 24, 2009 15:51 EST

Deep-sea corals from about 400 meters off the coast of the Hawaiian Islands are much older than once believed and some may be the oldest living marine organisms known to man. Researchers from Lawrence Livermore, Stanford University and the University of...
 
Researchers: Blind Fish's Sensors May Spur Development Of New Generation Of Active Sonar
Atlanta, Georgia - Mar 24, 2009 14:22 EST

A blind fish that has evolved a unique technique for sensing motion may inspire a new generation of sensors that perform better than current active sonar. Although members of the fish species Astyanax fasciatus cannot see, they sense their environment...
 
Researcher: Hippos More Closely Related To Whales, Not Pigs
Calgary, Canada - Mar 19, 2009 18:15 EST

Hippos spend lots of time in the water and now it turns out (or researchers argue), they are the closest living relative to whales. It also turns out, the two are swimming in a bit of controversy. Jessica Theodor, an associate...
 
Gender Bending Shrimps Help Researchers To Find Sex Genes; 'Completely New Territory For Scientists'
Portsmouth, U.K. - Mar 19, 2009 17:49 EST

A scientist at the University of Portsmouth has won a half a million pound grant to further his research on the mysterious ability of some shrimp to change sex. Dr Alex Ford from the Institute of Marine Sciences will lead the...
 
Researchers: Major Losses For Caribbean Reef Fish In Last 15 Years; Overfishing 'Not The Only Cause'
British Columbia, Canada - Mar 19, 2009 17:33 EST

By combining data from 48 studies of coral reefs from around the Caribbean, researchers have found that fish densities that have been stable for decades have given way to significant declines since 1995. The study appears online on March 19th...
 
No Ordinary Lobster: Fossil Fragments Reveal 500-million-year-old Monster Predator With 'Large Carapace'
Uppsala, Sweden - Mar 19, 2009 17:15 EST

Hurdia victoria was originally described in 1912 as a crustacean-like animal. Now, researchers from Uppsala University and colleagues reveal it to be just one part of a complex and remarkable new animal that has an important story to tell about...
 
Conservation Groups Sue To Protect False Killer Whales In Hawaii; Longline Fishery Slaughter Cited
Honolulu, Hawaii - Mar 18, 2009 19:14 EST

Seeking an end to the continuing slaughter of false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) in the waters of Hawai'i, Earthjustice, representing a coalition of conservation groups, filed suit in federal court in Honolulu today against the National Marine Fisheries Service, challenging...
 
University Researchers Urged To Develop 'Robofish' To Monitor Pollution; 'World First'
Colchester, United Kingdom - Mar 17, 2009 18:11 EST

Researchers at the University of Essex have been awarded a share of 2.5 million to develop robotic fish that analyse and monitor pollution in a port. Professor Huosheng Hu will lead the Essex robotics team, joined by Dr John Gan and...
 
Biologist: Oil Spill Clean-up Kills More Fish Than Spills Themselves; Increases 'Bioavailability And Toxicity Of The Fuel'
Ontario, Canada - Mar 17, 2009 17:39 EST

A new Queen’s University study shows that detergents used to clean up spills of diesel oil actually increase its toxicity to fish, making it more harmful. "The detergents may be the best way to treat spills in the long term because...
 
Elephant Shark Genome Sequence Leads To Discovery Of Color Perception In Deep-sea Fish
Singapore - Mar 17, 2009 17:21 EST

The elephant shark, a primitive deep-sea fish that belongs to the oldest living family of jawed vertebrates, can see color much like humans can. This discovery, published in the March 2009 issue of Genome Research, may enhance scientists' understanding of...
 
'Unprecedented' Global Partnership Launched Address The Growing Threats To Global Tuna Populations
McLean, Virginia - Mar 16, 2009 18:10 EST

Eminent marine scientists, major figures in the non-profit environmental community and leaders of the seafood industry have joined forces to establish the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF), a non-profit organization developed to respond to the growing threats to global tuna...
 
Study: Fish Consumption Guidelines Not Environmentally Sustainable; No 'Sea Of Plenty'
Ottawa, Ontario - Mar 16, 2009 17:47 EST

Recommendations to increase fish consumption because of health benefits may not be environmentally sustainable and more research is needed to clarify the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids, write Dr. David Jenkins of St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto and coauthors in...
 
Study: Preserved Shark Fossil Adds Evidence To Great White's Origins; Once Grew Slower And Larger?
Gainsville, Florida - Mar 13, 2009 17:48 EST

A new University of Florida study could help resolve a long-standing debate in shark paleontology: From which line of species did the modern great white shark evolve? For the last 150 years, some paleontologists have concluded the great white shark,...
 
Florida Proposes The Country’s Strongest Conservation Measures For Freshwater Turtles
Tallahassee, Florida - Mar 13, 2009 15:37 EST

After months of reviewing and discussing the issue of freshwater turtle harvest in Florida, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) staff will present a draft rule at the Commission meeting in Tallahassee on April 15. “Staff is proposing a draft...
 



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