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Americas Newswire

Survey Reveals That Coral Reefs Inspire Rare Consensus -- Just Save Them; 'It Was Really Quite Astonishing'
Corvallis, Oregon - Nov 5, 2009 15:14 EST

One of the first set of studies to examine what tourists and recreation enthusiasts actually think about coral reef ecosystems suggests they are a rare exception to controversies over human use versus environmental conservation – their stunning beauty is so...
 
Massive Antarctic Project Takes Scientists To One Of Earth's Final Frontiers: Subglacial Ecosystems
Bozeman, Montana - Nov 5, 2009 12:32 EST

An "unparalleled opportunity" to drill through the Ross Ice Shelf and explore the world underneath it will involve Montana State University faculty and current and former MSU students over the next five years. The National Science Foundation recently awarded $10 million...
 
Scientists Are First To 'unlock' The Mystery Of Creating Cultured Pearls From The Queen Conch; 'Truly Top-quality Gems'
Boca Raton, Florida - Nov 5, 2009 09:21 EST

For more than 25 years, all attempts at culturing pearls from the queen conch (Strombus gigas) have been unsuccessful—until now. For the first time, novel and proprietary seeding techniques to produce beaded (nucleated) and non-beaded cultured pearls from the queen...
 
UN Report Calls For Greater Research On Marine Ecosystems Beyond Territorial Waters
New York, New York - Nov 4, 2009 17:35 EST

Greater scientific research is essential to better understand the potential impact of activities on marine biodiversity beyond the coastal areas that fall under national jurisdiction as the more remote areas are just as vulnerable, says a new United Nations report. While...
 
Monterey Bay Aquarium Tags, Releases Great White Shark After Two Months On Exhibit; 'Agressive Behavior' Cited
Monterey, California - Nov 4, 2009 17:15 EST

A young female white shark placed on exhibit at the Monterey Bay Aquarium in late August was returned to the wild today (Wednesday, November 4), marking the fifth time the aquarium has successfully exhibited and released a great white shark. Aquarium...
 
Seafloor Fossils Provide Clues On Climate Change; 'The Past Is A Window On The Future'
Charlottesville, Virginia - Nov 3, 2009 21:46 EST

Deep under the sea, a fossil the size of a sand grain is nestled among a billion of its closest dead relatives. Known as foraminifera, these complex little shells of calcium carbonate can tell you the sea level, temperature, and...
 
Researchers: Tags Reveal White Sharks Have Neighborhoods In The North Pacific; 'They're Not Swimming Around Aimlessly'
Palo Alto, California - Nov 3, 2009 21:32 EST

The white shark may be the ultimate loner of the ocean, cruising thousands of miles in a solitary trek, but a team of researchers has discovered that the sharks have maintained such a consistent pattern of migration that over tens...
 
North Atlantic Fish Populations Shifting As Ocean Temperatures Warm; 'The Fish Appear To Be Adapting'
Washinhton, D.C. - Nov 2, 2009 22:25 EST

About half of 36 fish stocks in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean, many of them commercially valuable species, have been shifting northward over the last four decades, with some stocks nearly disappearing from U.S. waters as they move farther offshore, according...
 
With The Help Of Volunteers, Iemanya Oceanica Whale Shark Tagging Expedition Deemed A Success
Woodland Hills, California - Oct 29, 2009 15:05 EST

Non-profit organization Iemanya Oceanica today announced the addition of 3 newly tagged whale sharks to their family of sharks for research and conservation. The 3 new sharks are available to the public for adoption online and represent the need for...
 
Researchers Eye Reducing Turtle Bycatch With Remotely Operated Vehicles And Satellite Tags
Washington, D.C. - Oct 28, 2009 21:43 EST

Researchers are using a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) and satellite-linked data loggers to learn more about turtle behavior in commercial fishing areas and to develop new ways to avoid catching turtles in fishing gear. This marks the first time an...
 
Study Reveals First Ever Method To Genetically Identify All 8 Tuna Species; 'There Will Now Be No Trace Of Doubt'
Girona, Catalonia - Oct 26, 2009 21:24 EST

A new paper published October 27 in PLoS ONE, the online, open-access scientific journal, unveils for the first time a method to accurately distinguish between all eight tuna species from any kind of processed tissue using genetic sequencing. Tunas are among...
 
Whales Are Polite Conversationalists: Rhythms Can Be Spotted In Ocean's Chatter; 'They Do Not Interrupt Each Other'
New Orleans, Louisiana - Oct 26, 2009 21:17 EST

What do a West African drummer and a sperm whale have in common? According to some reports, they can both spot rhythms in the chatter of an ocean crowded with the calls of marine mammals -- a feat impossible for...
 
Study: Ocean Acidification May Contribute To Global Shellfish Decline; Longer Larval Stage 'frightening'
Stonybrook, New York - Oct 26, 2009 21:04 EST

Relatively minor increases in ocean acidity brought about by high levels of carbon dioxide have significant detrimental effects on the growth, development, and survival of hard clams, bay scallops, and Eastern oysters, according to researchers at Stony Brook University's School...
 
Mantis Shrimps Could Show Us The Way To A Better DVD; 'completely Outperforms Synthetic Designs'
Bristol, U.K. - Oct 25, 2009 16:21 EST

The remarkable eyes of a marine crustacean could inspire the next generation of DVD and CD players, according to a new study from the University of Bristol published today in Nature Photonics. The mantis shrimps in the study are found on...
 
Fish Farm Fears As Destructive Mauve Jellyfish Spotted Off Scot Coast
Herefordshire, U.K. - Oct 21, 2009 20:35 EST

The presence of the mauve stinger jellyfish (Pelagia noctiluca) has been confirmed off the North West coast of Mull. The jellyfish was last seen in the area in 2007 when it caused widespread damage to fish farms through out...
 
Benchmark Monterey Bay Aquarium Report Finds Future Of Global Seafood Supply At A Turning Point
Monterey, California - Oct 20, 2009 23:16 EST

Global prospects for securing a sustainable seafood supply and protecting ocean ecosystems are improving, thanks to a growing consensus on how best to manage fisheries and fish-farming operations, and new commitments by consumers, major buyers and the fishing community. That's the...
 
Study: Toxin Producing 'Killer' Algae Wiped Off The Dinosaurs; 'Modern Toxin-producing Algae Is Presently Increasing'
Clemson, South Carolina - Oct 20, 2009 22:50 EST

Algae, not asteroids, were the key to the end of the dinosaurs, say two Clemson University researchers. Geologist James W. Castle and ecotoxicologist John H. Rodgers have published findings that toxin-producing algae were a deadly factor in mass extinctions millions...
 
Oceanographer Receives $3.7 Million Grant To Study Gulf Dead Zone; Current Forecast 'Did Not Do A Very Good Job'
College Station, Texas - Oct 20, 2009 22:40 EST

Oceanographer Steve DiMarco of Texas A&M University, a leading authority on the Gulf of Mexico's "dead zone," and his team of researchers have been awarded $725,467 for the first year of a five-year, $3.72 million project that seeks to better...
 
Big Fish: Consumers Should View Monterey Bay Aquarium's 'Super Green List' With Skepticism
Washington, D.C. - Oct 20, 2009 22:28 EST

The National Fisheries Institute (NFI) is urging consumers to view Monterey Bay Aquarium's (MBA) "Super Green List" recommendations concerning seafood and health with skepticism and to consult other sources to get more complete information concerning the proven health benefits of...
 
Aussie Researchers To Develop Index Of Marine Indicators To Monitor Ecosystem
Canaberra, Australia - Oct 19, 2009 21:46 EST

The state of an ecosystem can be understood by measuring the right ecological characteristics, just as the ASX200 index shows the state of the Australian stock market by following 200 selected stocks. CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship scientist Dr Keith Hayes,...
 
Fish Vision Discovery Makes Waves In Natural Selection; 'A Critical Amino Acid Was Deleted'
Atlanta, Georgia - Oct 17, 2009 17:46 EST

Emory University researchers have identified the first fish known to have switched from ultraviolet vision to violet vision, or the ability to see blue light. The discovery is also the first example of an animal deleting a molecule to change...
 
UN: Shrinking Lake Chad Could Trigger Humanitarian Disaster, 'Ecological Catastrophe'
New York, New York - Oct 15, 2009 15:06 EST

Lake Chad, once one of the world’s largest water bodies, could disappear in 20 years due to climate change and population pressures, resulting in a humanitarian disaster in central Africa, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warned today. The...
 
San Francisco Aquarium Analyzes Data From Preliminary Sevengill Shark Research, Additional Funding Sought
San Francisco, California - Oct 15, 2009 14:51 EST

Growing to 11 ft. in length, Sevengills are the largest of the five species of sharks that are commonly found in San Francisco Bay, but little is known about their lifestyle or habitat requirements. In 2008, Aquarium of the Bay...
 
Study: Alligators Surprisingly Monogamous; 'We Didn't Expect To Find Fidelity'
Nw Orleans, Louisiana - Oct 15, 2009 14:30 EST

Alligators display the same loyalty to their mating partners as birds reveals a study published today in Molecular Ecology. The ten-year-study by scientists from the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory reveals that up to 70% of females chose to remain with...
 
SI Tech Recalls Diving Suit Hoses Due To Drowning Hazard; One Death Reported
Washington, D.C. - Oct 14, 2009 21:56 EST

A Swedish company is recalling diving suit hoses after the death of a diver in Los Angeles. About 65,000 diving air hoses for dry suits were recalled by manufacturer SI Tech AB of Sweden because the hose contains an insert...
 
German National Pleads Guilty In U.S. Federal Court To Smuggling Coral From The Philippines
Washington, D.C. - Oct 14, 2009 20:52 EST

Gunther Wenzek, a German national, pleaded guilty today before District Judge Anna J. Brown of the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon to one count of smuggling coral into the United States at the port of Portland, Ore.,...
 
The 'Superbowl' Of International Underwater Photography & Video Competitions Launched
New York, New York - Oct 13, 2009 22:06 EST

Underwater photographers and videographers have become the unsung heroes of the most important ecosystem on earth. During a time when the oceans are in crisis, a growing global community of scuba divers and photographers have become the eyes and ears...
 
Whale-sized Genetic Study Largest Ever For Southern Hemisphere Humpbacks; DNA From 1,500 Whales Examined
Bronx, New York - Oct 13, 2009 21:35 EST

After 15 years of research in the waters of the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society, the American Museum of Natural History, and an international coalition of organizations have unveiled the largest genetic study of...
 
Research: Rip Currents Pose Greater Risk To Swimmers Than To Shoreline
Stony Brook, New York - Oct 13, 2009 20:43 EST

Rip currents—powerful, channeled currents of water flowing away from the shore—represent a danger to human life and property. Rip currents are responsible for more than one hundred deaths on our nation's beaches each year, according to the United States Lifesaving...
 
Research: Tropical Regions To Be Hardest Hit By Fisheries Shifts Caused By Climate Change
Vancouver, British Columbia - Oct 12, 2009 20:39 EST

Major shifts in fisheries distribution due to climate change will affect food security in tropical regions most adversely, according to a study led by the Sea Around Us Project at The University of British Columbia. In the first major study to...
 
New Marine Protected Area For Nova Scotia Closer To Becoming A Reality; 'A True Test Of Collaboration'
Halifax, Nova Scotia - Oct 10, 2009 16:50 EST

The Government of Canada took at step toward its commitment to protecting Canada's oceans by announcing three areas of interest (AOIs) as candidates for the establishment of Nova Scotia's next marine protected area (MPA). These candidates are all offshore areas...
 
National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Sylvia Earle Spotlights Crisis Facing Our Seas In New Book
Washington, D.C. - Oct 9, 2009 18:41 EST

In her latest book, published by National Geographic, world-famous marine scientist Sylvia Earle, a National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence, tells how 50 years of destructive -- and ever increasing -- oceanic change is threatening the very existence of life on Earth. In THE...
 
COARE: New Online Resource For Shark Conservation Efforts; 'Our Program Is A Comprehensive One'
Oakland, California - Oct 9, 2009 18:26 EST

The Center for Oceanic Awareness, Research, and Education, known more commonly by its acronym "COARE", announced today the availability of online resources supporting its popular Shark Safe certification program. The website, www.sharksafe.org, allows both consumers and businesses to learn more about...
 
Scientists: For Mediterranean Wrasse, Being A Cuckold Makes Evolutionary Sense
New Haven, Connecticut - Oct 9, 2009 17:52 EST

Evolutionary biology theory predicts that males usually won’t invest a lot of time raising offspring when there is a good chance they are not the fathers. Yale University researchers have found a notable exception to this premise—a male fish in...
 
NOAA Announces $9 Million In Ocean Education Grants To National Aquariums; 'We Want To Get People Excited'
Washingon, D.C. - Oct 7, 2009 19:13 EST

NOAA today announced 11 grants totaling more than $9 million that will create new education projects in aquariums across the nation. The projects will educate visitors about the ocean and encourage better stewardship of the marine environment. “We want to get...
 
New Multiyear, Multimillion-dollar Documentary In Quest To Find And Film A Living Giant Squid
Cairns, Australia - Oct 6, 2009 22:44 EST

Japanese broadcaster NHK has teamed with Discovery-owned Science Channel and Atlantic Prods. to mount an international quest to find and film a living giant squid, as part of a documentary "Squid: Last Mystery of the Deep," the companies said Tuesday. The...
 
First As Albatross Camera Reveals Fascinating Feeding Interaction With Killer Whale; 'It's Easy Hunting'
Bird Island, Antarctica - Oct 6, 2009 20:54 EST

Scientists from British Antarctic Survey, National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, and Hokkaido University, Japan, have recorded the first observations of how albatrosses feed alongside marine mammals at sea. A miniature digital camera was attached to the backs of four black-browed...
 
Report: Arctic Sea Ice Recovers Slightly In 2009, Remains On Downward Trend
Boulder, Colorado - Oct 6, 2009 20:37 EST

Despite a slight recovery in summer Arctic sea ice in 2009 from record-setting low years in 2007 and 2008, the sea ice extent remains significantly below previous years and remains on a trend leading toward ice-free Arctic summers, according to...
 
A New Look Beneath The Waves: Ocean Observatories Initiative Gets Underway
Washington, D.C. - Oct 5, 2009 22:18 EST

Giving scientists never-before-seen views of the world's oceans, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Consortium for Ocean Leadership (COL) have signed a Cooperative Agreement that supports the construction and initial operation of the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI). OOI will provide...
 
Four Sculptures To Be Sunk In The Mexican Caribbean In Launch Of World's Largest Underwater Museum
Mexico City, Mexico - Oct 3, 2009 17:15 EST

Four sculptures in human forms, made of concrete, will be submerged in November in the Mexican Caribbean - the first of 400 figures that will comprise the world's largest underwater museum. The Subaquatic Sculpture Museum will be situated in the West...
 

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