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Americas Newswire

Researchers: Ancient Supervolcano Created Giant Underwater Mountain Chain
Washington, D.C. - Apr 9, 2010 18:09 EST

The eruptions of "supervolcanoes" on Earth's surface have been blamed for causing mass extinctions, belching large amounts of gases and particles into the atmosphere, and re-paving the ocean floor. The result? Loss of species, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere,...
 
Hawaiian Submarine Canyons Are Hotspots Of Biodiversity And Biomass For Seafloor Animal Communities
Manoa, Hawaii - Apr 7, 2010 20:48 EST

Underwater canyons have long been considered important habitats for marine life, but until recently, only canyons on continental margins had been intensively studied. Researchers from Hawaii Pacific University (HPU) and the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UHM) have now conducted...
 
Researchers Using Acoustic Broadband To Count Fish In High-Def; 'New Milestones Are In Front Of Us'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Apr 6, 2010 22:56 EST

Researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) have developed two advanced broadband acoustic systems that they believe could represent the acoustic equivalent of the leap from black-and-white television to high-definition color TV. For oceanographers, this could mean a major upgrade...
 
Research: Commercial Fishing Estimated To Kill Millions Of Sea Turtles; 'It'S Not A Lost Cause'
Durham, North Carolina - Apr 6, 2010 22:30 EST

The number of sea turtles inadvertently snared by commercial fishing gear over the past 20 years may reach into the millions, according to the first peer-reviewed study to compile sea turtle bycatch data from gillnet, trawl and longline fisheries worldwide. The...
 
Nasa Demonstrates Novel Ocean-Powered Underwater Vehicle; 'Not A True Perpetual Motion Machine'
Pasadena, California - Apr 5, 2010 21:31 EST

U.S. Navy and university researchers have successfully demonstrated the first robotic underwater vehicle to be powered entirely by natural, renewable, ocean thermal energy. The Sounding Oceanographic Lagrangrian Observer Thermal RECharging (SOLO-TREC) autonomous underwater vehicle uses a novel thermal recharging engine...
 
National Investigation Exposes Fraud In Frozen Seafood Labeling; $23/pound For Ice
Lincoln, Nebraska - Mar 30, 2010 22:06 EST

Consumers and businesses may be paying up to $23 per pound for ice when purchasing frozen seafood products. This according to a national investigation earlier this year that revealed some packers are including the weight of ice glazing in the...
 
Urine Spray Signals Sex, Violence To Crayfish; Females Use It As An Aphrodisiac, Males As A Challenge To Fight
Hull, U.K. - Mar 29, 2010 21:21 EST

Walking through urine drives crayfish into an aggressive sexual frenzy. Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Biology suggest that a urine-mediated combination of aggressive and reproductive behavior ensures that only the strongest males get to mate. Fiona Berry and...
 
Research: Zebrafish Can Regenerate Damaged Heart Muscle; Cellular Grown-Ups Outperform Stem Cells
La Jolla, California - Mar 24, 2010 21:34 EST

Bony fish like the tiny zebrafish have a remarkable ability that mammals can only dream of: if you lop off a chunk of their heart they swim sluggishly for a few days but within a month appear perfectly normal. How...
 
Florida'S Record Cold Leads To Record Number Of Manatee Deaths; 'Of Great Concern'
Tallahassee, Florida - Mar 24, 2010 20:46 EST

As of March 19, biologists with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission’s (FWC) Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (FWRI) have documented 431 manatee carcasses in state waters so far in 2010. This preliminary data indicates that in just three...
 
Suit Filed To Protect Habitat For California's Endangered Black Abalone; 'On The Cusp Of Extinction'
San Francisco, California - Mar 24, 2010 20:31 EST

Today the Center for Biological Diversity sued the Obama administration for failing to designate critical habitat for the endangered black abalone, an edible shellfish once common in Southern California tide pools that has declined by 99 percent since the 1970s....
 
Dr. William Hamner Awarded The 2009 Scientific Diving Lifetime Achievement Award
Monterey, California - Mar 24, 2010 20:18 EST

The American Academy of Underwater Sciences (AAUS) today (March 23, 2010) announced the 2009 Scientific Diving Lifetime Achievement Award winner, Dr. William M. Hamner Ph.D. This award is presented annually to an individual from the scientific diving community who has made...
 
Noaa Takes Steps To Assure Fair And Effective Enforcement, Protect Resources
Washington, D.C. - Mar 23, 2010 18:55 EST

NOAA Administrator Dr. Jane Lubchenco today outlined specific steps the agency has taken and will take to assure that NOAA has an effective and fair enforcement program to protect fisheries and other marine resources that sustain the jobs and economic...
 
Scientists Warn: Eu Fishing Discard Ban Could Damage Sea Bird Success; 'Research Is Needed'
Leeds, U.K. - Mar 22, 2010 19:02 EST

A proposed EU ban on throwing unwanted fish overboard from commercial boats could put one of the North Sea's most successful sea birds at risk, say researchers at the University of Leeds. New research led by Dr Keith Hamer will assess...
 
Accelerometer Tags Help Scientists Expose Shark Mating Behaviors; 'Thrashing, Barrel Rolls, Headstands'
Sarasota, Florida - Mar 22, 2010 17:58 EST

Motion sensors like those used in smart phones are helping to reveal how sharks spend each moment in the wild, say Mote Marine Laboratory scientists who were the first to use such sensors to classify mating and other behaviors in...
 
Oceanographer: Nitrous Oxide Emitting Aquatic 'Dead Zones' Contributing To Climate Change
Cambridge, Maryland - Mar 20, 2010 17:45 EST

The increased frequency and intensity of oxygen-deprived "dead zones" along the world's coasts can negatively impact environmental conditions in far more than just local waters. In the March 12 edition of the journal Science, University of Maryland Center for Environmental...
 
Report Finds Delta Water Pumping Restrictions To Protect Fish 'Scientifically Justified'
San Francisco, California - Mar 19, 2010 19:13 EST

The National Academy of Sciences today released a peer-review report that validates recent federal “biological opinions” and federal actions, particularly seasonal reductions in water pumping, to protect endangered fish species in the San Francisco Bay-Delta. “The Academy of Sciences report confirms...
 
Scientists Rush To Examine Seafloor Off Chilean Coast Following Earthquake; 'This Is A Unique Case'
San Diego, California - Mar 18, 2010 19:16 EST

Scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego will explore the earthquake rupture site of the Feb. 27 massive 8.8-magnitude Chilean earthquake, one of the largest earthquakes in recorded history. Scripps scientists hope to capitalize on a unique scientific...
 
Researcher: Seven Unprovoked Shark Attacks Along U.S. Pacific Coast In 2009; Attacks Trending Up Sharply
Los Angeles, California - Mar 18, 2010 19:06 EST

Shark attacks are trending up for the U.S. Pacific Coast according to new statistics released today by the Los Angeles-based Shark Research Committee. According to Ralph Collier, who heads research for the Shark Research Committee, the average number of...
 
Researchers: 'Pregnant' Fish Fathers Abort Babies Of Unsexy Females; 'Males Tend To Seek Out Larger Females'
College Station, Texas - Mar 17, 2010 18:26 EST

Male pipefishes and their seahorse cousins are the only males that actually become pregnant and give birth, but pipefishes likely will never win any Father of The Year awards – their attitude towards their offspring can range from total love...
 
Senator John Kerry Introduces Legislation To Protect Whales; 'We Should Be Leading The Effort To Protect Them'
Washington, D.C. - Mar 15, 2010 19:40 EST

Further demonstrating his commitment towards environmental conservation, Senator John Kerry (D-MA) today introduced legislation aimed at protecting whales. The International Whale Conservation and Protection Act of 2010 addresses major threats to whales including commercial whaling, ship strikes, entanglement in...
 
Scientists Develop Muscular Transgenic Trout With 'Six-Pack' Abs; 'Our Findings Are Quite Stunning'
Kingston, Rhode Island - Mar 12, 2010 18:52 EST

A 10-year effort by a University of Rhode Island scientist to develop transgenic rainbow trout with enhanced muscle growth has yielded fish with what have been described as six-pack abs and muscular shoulders that could provide a boost to the...
 
Criminal Charges Files Against Los Angeles Sushi Bar For Selling Whale Meat; 'A Plate Of An Endangered Species'
Los Angles, California - Mar 11, 2010 18:25 EST

Federal prosecutors late last night filed a criminal complaint that charges a Santa Monica sushi restaurant and one its chefs with selling Sei whale meat. Sei whales are listed as an endangered species, and the sale of all whale meat is...
 
Scientists Turn To The Sea And Discover The 600 Million-Year-Old Origins Of Vision
Santa Barbara, California - Mar 11, 2010 17:21 EST

By studying the hydra, a member of an ancient group of sea creatures that is still flourishing, scientists at UC Santa Barbara have made a discovery in understanding the origins of human vision. The finding is published in this week's...
 
Taiwanese Couple Pleads Guilty To Illegally Trading Protected Black Coral; 'Their Conduct Will Not Be Permitted'
Washington, D.C. - Mar 11, 2010 16:38 EST

Two Taiwanese nationals pleaded guilty today in federal court in the U.S. Virgin Islands for conspiracy to ship internationally protected black coral into the United States in violation of federal wildlife statutes, the Department of Justice announced. Gloria Chu and Ivan...
 
U.S. Set To Declare Loggerhead Turtles Endangered Species; 'Overwhelming Evidence' Links Fishing To Decline
Washington, D.C. - Mar 10, 2010 18:39 EST

Caribbean Conservation Corporation (CCC), the world's oldest sea turtle research and protection group, today applauded the proposal by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to designate Northwest Atlantic loggerhead sea turtles as...
 
Suit Filed To Save Penguins At Risk From Global Warming And Fisheries; 'Our Government Is Dragging Its Feet'
San Francisco, California - Mar 10, 2010 17:10 EST

The Center for Biological Diversity and Turtle Island Restoration Network (TIRN) today sued the Obama administration for illegally delaying protection of penguins under the Endangered Species Act. The Interior Department failed to meet its December 19, 2009 deadline to list...
 
Environmental Group Applauds Maldives Indian Ocean Shark Sanctuary; 'A Bold And Farsighted Move'
Washington, D.C. - Mar 9, 2010 18:10 EST

In a move lauded by the Pew Environment Group, the Maldives today declared its exclusive economic zone (EEZ), 90,000 square kilometers of the Indian Ocean, as a shark sanctuary free from all shark fishing and also banned all imports and...
 
Research: Barnacles Prefer Upwelling Currents, Enriching Food Chains In The Galapagos
Providence, Rhode Island - Mar 6, 2010 18:15 EST

There's been a rich debate in marine ecological circles about what happens to a key food source along rocky coastlines dominated by upwelling. The literature is filled with studies suggesting that the larvae of simple prey organisms such as barnacles...
 
Chagos: UK Poised To Designate World's Largest Marine Reserve; 'A Conservation Legacy Almost Unrivaled In Scale'
Washington, D.C. - Mar 5, 2010 18:11 EST

Today, the Pew Environment Group praised the United Kingdom (U.K.) for taking one further step towards designating the world's largest marine reserve. The proposed marine reserve would protect a group of 55 islands located in the middle of the Indian...
 
Florida Busts Black-Market Shrimp Dealer; 'This Product Was Not Stored Or Handled According To State Law'
Tallahassee, Florida - Mar 5, 2010 17:45 EST

The black-market connection to the sale of stolen shrimp in Lee County got a little smaller Thursday, thanks to an undercover bust by Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) investigators. Shortly after noon, John Anthony Staniewicz Jr. (DOB ...
 
Editorial: Did Hollywood Kill The Sharks? 'One Of The Most Important Creatures On Earth' Annihilated
Los Angeles, California - Mar 4, 2010 15:32 EST

The following is an editorial by Patty Civalleri, Exec VP, Iemanya Oceanica: Hollywood and the media's depiction of sharks over the past decades has made people turn away when the topic of shark extinction is broached. General fear and apathy...
 
Hurricanes' Effects On Ocean Temperature Revisited; Previous Studies Overestimated Ocean Heating, Ignored Seasonal Influence
Cambridge, Massachusetts - Mar 4, 2010 14:50 EST

The role of hurricanes in the global climate system has gained interest ever since scientists suggested that strong hurricanes have become more frequent in recent decades and might continue to do so as the planet warms. Because hurricanes are known...
 
Research: Squid'S Glowing Relationship With Bacteria Highlights Immune System Function
Mansfield, Connecticut - Mar 3, 2010 16:15 EST

Bacteria generally have a bad reputation – they’re good only for causing disease, and are best avoided. But Spencer Nyholm of the molecular and cell biology department in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences sees things differently. “More than 90 percent...
 
Scientists Locate Apparent Hydrothermal Vents Off Antarctica; Helium Plume Keys Search
New York, New York - Mar 3, 2010 15:55 EST

Scientists at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory have found evidence of hydrothermal vents on the seafloor near Antarctica, formerly a blank spot on the map for researchers wanting to learn more about seafloor formation and the bizarre life forms drawn...
 
Study: Popular Nanoparticle Causes Toxicity In Fish; 'There Is Reason To Be Concerned'
West Lafayette, Indiana - Mar 2, 2010 17:10 EST

A nanoparticle growing in popularity as a bactericidal agent has been shown to be toxic to fish, according to a Purdue University study. Tested on fathead minnows – an organism often used to test the effects of toxicity on aquatic life...
 
Dolphin Calf Freed Of Plastic Entanglement Off Florida Coast; 'The Plastic Was Not Going To Come Off On Its Own'
Sarasota, Florida - Mar 1, 2010 17:32 EST

On Monday (3-1-10), a team of researchers and veterinarians successfully freed a 9-month-old Sarasota Bay dolphin calf from plastic that was wound tightly around her body and beginning to cause deep abrasions to her skin. Led by the Sarasota Dolphin Research...
 
Report: Shark Attacks Suffer During Recesion; Sharp Declines In Florida And The United States Last Year
Gainsville, Florida - Mar 1, 2010 16:17 EST

Despite last month’s fatality off the Florida coast, the number of shark attacks in the United States continued its downward trend by taking a plunge in the latest recorded year, according to a new report from the University of Florida. There...
 
Research: Farmed Tuna Has Less Heavy Metals Than Wild; Feed 'Low In Mercury'
Adelaide, Australia - Feb 28, 2010 18:58 EST

New research is showing that in terms of heavy metals, farmed tuna are healthier to eat than wild ones. A project by a Flinders environmental health PhD student Sita Balshaw has demonstrated that levels of mercury in southern bluefin tuna (SBT)...
 
Field Study Exposes How Sea Turtle Hatchlings Use Their Flippers To Move Quickly On Sand
Atlanta, Georgia - Feb 25, 2010 17:30 EST

Life can be scary for endangered loggerhead sea turtles immediately after they hatch. After climbing out of their underground nest, the baby turtles must quickly traverse a variety of terrains for several hundred feet to reach the ocean. While these turtles'...
 
PETA Issues Statement On Seaworld Killer Whale Attack; 'It's Not Surprising'
Washington, D.C. - Feb 25, 2010 14:46 EST

The following is a statement sent issue by David W. Perle, Senior Communications Coordinator People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). Good afternoon, The death of the SeaWorld trainer following the attack by Telly the whale is a tragedy...
 

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