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Australia / New Zealand Newswire

Scientists Observe: Krill Do It Deep In The Southern Ocean; 'Chase', 'Probe', 'Embrace', 'Flex' And 'Push'
Kingston, Tasmania - Feb 21, 2011 22:10 EST

In a world first, the sex life of Antarctic Krill in the wild has been caught on camera revealing the shrimp-like creatures are able to mate deeper in the ocean than previously thought. Scientists from the Australian Antarctic Division have used...
 
Scientists Trial Ocean Temperature Forecasts For Aussie Fish Farms
Canberra, Australia - Feb 16, 2011 18:48 EST

While land farmers have used seasonal forecasting for nearly a decade, marine farmers in south-east Australia have sought the technology for a region identified as a climate change hotspot, with rates of ocean warming up to four times the global...
 
Study: Predictor Says 1/3 Of Coral Reef Fish At Risk Extinction
Townsville, Queensland - Feb 15, 2011 21:56 EST

More than a third of coral reef fish species are in jeopardy of local extinction from the impacts of climate change on coral reefs, a new scientific study has found. (Local extinction refers to the loss of species from individual...
 
Research Explores Use Mining Of By-Products To Reduce Algal Blooms
Perth, Western Australia - Jan 30, 2011 17:14 EST

A joint project between CSIRO and the Western Australian Department of Water investigated a range of mining industry by-product materials, which are currently unused, to determine whether they could instead be used to filter nutrients from natural waters or to...
 
Scientists: CO2-Chomping Microbes Battling For Ocean Iron
Victoria, Australia - Jan 24, 2011 20:47 EST

Australian, Belgian and New Zealand scientists have expanded our understanding of the way phytoplankton take up scarce iron in the ocean – a process that regulates ocean food chains from the bottom up and helps remove up to 40 per...
 
PhD Studies The Politics Of Shark Attacks; 'We Need To Update The Rogue Shark Theory'
Sydney, Australia - Jan 20, 2011 15:07 EST

In July 1916, during a summer heatwave, a series of shark attacks along the coast of New Jersey left four people dead and another seriously injured. The attacks, over a 12-day period, caused widespread panic, and as newspapers shocked their...
 
Study: Sharks May Be Colorblind; 'Yum, Yum Yellow' A Myth?
Perth, Australia - Jan 18, 2011 17:50 EST

New research on how sharks see may help to prevent attacks on humans and assist in the design of fishing gear that may reduce shark bycatch in long-line fisheries. The joint study between researchers at The University of Western Australia and...
 
Coral Has Rhythm Helping To Beat Night-Time Blues; 'A Matter Of Life Or Death'
Townsville, Queensland - Jan 15, 2011 17:26 EST

The world's corals not only display stunning beauty and diversity – they also have rhythm, man. And that helps to keep them going through the lonely low-‐point of the night, when their partner robs them blind. That corals, among the simplest...
 
Toxic Sea Slug Fever For Kiwi Scholarship Student; 'You Develop An Attachment'
Hamilton and Tauranga, New Zealand - Jan 12, 2011 20:27 EST

Sea slugs may not be the cutest creatures, but for one University of Waikato summer scholarship student they have a certain appeal. "When you feed and care for something, you develop an attachment, and sea slugs are definitely cute," says Serena...
 
Study: Young Fish Like Noisy Neighbors; 'Reefs With Added Noise Always Attracted More Fish'
Auckland, New Zealand - Jan 10, 2011 20:39 EST

Noisy neighbors can be desirable – at least if you're a young reef fish trying to choose a home. New research from the Universities of Auckland and Bristol found that juvenile fish listen to the sounds made by local residents...
 
Marine Scientists: Fear As Ocean Dead Zones Grow; 'It All Bears The Hallmarks Of Human Interference'
Townsville, Queensland - Nov 30, 2010 20:57 EST

Australian marine scientists have expressed disquiet over the continued worldwide spread of large, dead zones in the ocean. Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg and Associate Professor Mark McCormick of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies have recently published scientific articles...
 
Scientists Call For Protection Of Australia's Subtropic Seas; 'The Subtropics Are Really About Life On The Edge'
Brisbane, Australia - Nov 22, 2010 22:36 EST

Leading scientists and marine managers have called for a greater national effort to protect vital 1000-kilometre stretches of ocean bordering the middle of Australia's eastern and western coastlines. In a major statement entitled The Coffs Harbour Subtropical Reefs Declaration, they urge...
 
Blueprint To Protect The Future Of Australia's Oceans Revealed; Sanctuaries For Half Of Australia's Southwest Oceans
St Lucia, Queensland - Nov 11, 2010 13:57 EST

What is believed to be the first science-based blueprint for managing Australia's oceans has been developed to safeguard marine life and protect economic and social interests. The blueprint is the result of more than two years of analysis by The...
 
Study: Fish Courtship More Complex Than Thought; Ugly Becomes Attractive If Females Are Few And Far Between
Victoria, Australia - Nov 10, 2010 19:18 EST

Monash University researchers have discovered that male Australian desert goby fish are surprisingly strategic when it comes to courtship, adapting their tactics depending on the frequency of their contact with females. Attracting females involves significant time, energy and exposure to predation...
 
Cone Of Poison: The Secret Behind The Cone Snail's Venom Pump
Victoria, Australia - Oct 27, 2010 22:15 EST

Scientists have discovered the secret of how an amazing sea snail injects its venom after shooting a harpoon-like tooth into its prey — or some unlucky swimmer — at jetliner speeds. The creatures, called cone snails, use a highly specialized...
 
Group Pushes For Protection Of Whales, Penguins, Seals And Krill; 'A New Krill Stock Assessment Is Urgently Needed'
Hobart, Tasmania - Oct 21, 2010 16:01 EST

The Pew Environment Group's Antarctic Krill Conservation Project (AKCP) urges the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) to require scientific observers on board all krill fishing vessels and to intensify efforts at data collection to reduce...
 
Less Krill, More Plankton: 20 Year Study Finds Major Changes In Southern Ocean Plankton
Hobart, Tasmania - Oct 21, 2010 15:23 EST

A 20 year study of the Southern Ocean has found significant changes in the composition, distribution and diversity of plankton and krill sampled by Australian Antarctic Division scientists. The Division's Continuous Plankton Recorder project has been mapping and monitoring plankton populations...
 
'Turtle And Dugong Capital Of The World' At Risk Under Climate Change
Cairns, Australia - Oct 7, 2010 21:48 EST

The "turtle and dugong capital of the world", the northern Great Barrier Reef (GBR) and Torres Strait region, faces increased pressure under climate change from human actions such as fishing, hunting, onshore development and pollution. "Depletion of turtle and dugong...
 
Aussie Scientists Report Continued Success In 'Artificial Uterus' Shark Breeding Program
Port Stephens, NSW - Oct 2, 2010 16:08 EST

Shark scientists from Industry & Investment NSW in Port Stephens have welcomed 14 juvenile wobbegong sharks into the world as part of a research program into the recovery of the endangered grey nurse population. Industry & Investment NSW research scientists,...
 
Researchers: Climate Change Hits SE Australia Fish Species; 'Nowhere To Escape'
Sydney, Australia - Aug 13, 2010 17:55 EST

CSIRO's Climate Adaptation and Wealth from Oceans Flagships have identified 43 species, representing about 30 per cent of the inshore fish families occurring in the region, that exhibited shifts thought to be climate-related. Dr Peter LastThese include warm temperate surf-zone species...
 
Massive New 'Pacific Oceanscape' Makes History; 'The Dawning Of A New Era For Marine Management'
Port Villa, Vanuatu - Aug 9, 2010 21:42 EST

An unprecedented agreement toward the cooperative stewardship of a vast swath of Pacific Ocean has been reached, and conservationists are heralding it as among the most ambitious, innovative, and collaborative marine initiatives on Earth. Meeting in Port Villa, Vanuatu at the...
 
Research Aims To Repel Sharks From Fishing Gear To Prevent Deaths
Perth, Australia - Jul 19, 2010 20:43 EST

A greater understanding of shark senses may prevent sharks being accidentally killed in commercial fishing operations, according to a researcher at The University of Western Australia. WA Premier's Research Fellow Winthrop Professor Shaun Collin said large numbers of sharks are taken...
 
Prehistoric Creatures Provide Clue To Deep Sea Life On Aussie Reef; 'Living Fossils'
St. Lucia, Queensland - Jul 15, 2010 17:58 EST

Scientists from the Queensland Brain Institute have used high-tech equipment to capture underwater creatures at depths not documented from before. Using deep-sea cameras and instrument platforms new to Australia, prehistoric six-gilled sharks, giant oil fish, swarms of crustaceans and many...
 
Isolation A Threat To Great Barrier Reef Fish; Relatively Fewer 'Immigrant' Fish From Adjacent Reefs
Adelaide, Australia - Jul 6, 2010 19:40 EST

At first glance it may seem like a good idea to be a fish living the quiet life on a small and isolated reef. But a team of researchers has found that the opposite is the case on Australia's Great Barrier...
 
Is This The Perfect Prawn? 'Beautifully Textured Meat, Rich Color, Robust Size And A Great Taste'
South Victoria, Australia - Jun 28, 2010 08:25 EST

After 10 years of careful breeding and research, scientists have developed what could be the world's most perfect prawn. CSIRO scientists and the prawn industry have bred an improved Black Tiger prawn which is producing record yields in aquaculture farms and...
 
First Definitive Guide To Borneo’s Sharks And Rays; 'It Is Important To Build The Local Knowledge'
Victoria, Australia - Jun 10, 2010 13:40 EST

Which island of South-East Asia has the most stingray species in the world? According to the new book Sharks and Rays of Borneo, the island of Borneo has 30 different stingrays: not surprising for the most biologically diverse region on...
 
Research: Crocodiles Ride Ocean Currents For Ocean Travel; 'These Crocodiles Are Poor Swimmers'
Brisbane, Australia - Jun 7, 2010 20:35 EST

The mystery of how the world's largest living reptile - the estuarine crocodile - has come to occupy so many South Pacific islands separated by huge stretches of ocean despite being a poor swimmer has at last been solved by...
 
Research: Nine New Species For Disappearing Handfish Family; 'They 'Walked' The World's Oceans'
Victoria, Australia - May 24, 2010 21:51 EST

Nine new species of handfish have been described by CSIRO in research that highlights an urgent need to better understand and protect the diversity of life in Australia's oceans. The new species are described in a review of the handfish family...
 
Asteroid Crater Found Under The Timor Sea; 'Evidence Of A Significant Impact' 35 Million Years Ago
Canberra, Australia - May 22, 2010 17:54 EST

Scientists from The Australian National University have identified a dome at least 50 kilometres in diameter, buried under the Timor Sea that was created by a giant asteroid that collided with Earth around 35 million years ago - a period...
 
Students Discover Deep-Sea Canyon Off Aussie Coast; 'A Deep Cleft In The Continental Shelf'
Perth, Australia - May 2, 2010 17:49 EST

A deep-sea canyon new to science has been discovered on the continental shelf near the Montebello Islands by students from The University of Western Australia, James Cook University and the University of Tasmania. They made the exciting and unexpected discovery on...
 
Scientists: Ocean Acidification, 'Evil Twin' Of Global Warming, Threatens World Oceans; Another 'Great Dying'?
Brisbane, Australia - Mar 29, 2010 22:34 EST

The rise in human emissions of carbon dioxide is driving fundamental and dangerous changes in the chemistry and ecosystems of the world's oceans, international marine scientists warned today. "Ocean conditions are already more extreme than those experienced by marine organisms...
 
The Benthic Storm: Research Shows Underwater Waves Begin Deep; 'They Can Be Up To 80 Meters High In Water Columns'
Perth, Australia - Mar 28, 2010 17:58 EST

In an Australian first, researchers have observed the generation of internal waves flowing hundreds of meters beneath the ocean surface on the North West Shelf. The research - carried out by The University of Western Australia and funded by the Western...
 
Researchers: Increased Human Population Is Leading To Sick Turtles
Queensland, Australia - Mar 22, 2010 21:49 EST

University of Queensland researchers have discovered that one of the effects of increased human population is stress being placed on the environment leading to sick turtles. Staff from the Veterinary Marine Animal Research, Teaching and Investigation (Vet-MARTI) unit within the School...
 
Scientists: Southern Ocean Winds Open Window To The Deep Sea; 'We Now Have Seven Years Of Year-Round Observations'
Clayton South, Australia - Mar 15, 2010 17:52 EST

The researchers’ findings – published on-line today in Nature Geoscience – provide new insights into natural processes which have a major influence on the rate of climate change. The surface-mixed layer is a crucial pathway between the atmosphere and the deeper...
 
Shark Pups Born In Bizarre Caesarean Released Back Into Wild; 'They Have Grown Strong And Healthy'
Auckland, New Zealand - Mar 10, 2010 17:40 EST

Eight baby School shark pups born in a bizarre caesarean section at Kelly Tarlton’s last year are being released back into the wild this week. The pups made international headlines last November when they were born, premature but healthy, from a gash their...
 
Aussie Researchers Document Shark And Manta Ray 'Clean, Wax And Polish' Stations Along Great Barrier Reef
Townsville, Queensland - Mar 8, 2010 17:48 EST

Sharks and manta rays gather in large numbers at special spots on the Great Barrier Reef and Osprey Reef for a regular “clean, wax and polish”. Researchers at James Cook University set up cameras at a number of spots on the...
 
Ancient Corals Hold New Hope For Reefs; 'Remarkably Successful In Surviving Large Environmental Disturbances'
Queensland, Australia - Feb 28, 2010 19:15 EST

Fossil corals, up to half a million years old, are providing fresh hope that coral reefs may be able to withstand the huge stresses imposed on them by today's human activity. Reef ecosystems were able to persist through massive environmental...
 
Research: Fish Use 'Secret' Ultraviolet Vision To Distinguish Between Species
Sydney, Australia - Feb 28, 2010 18:45 EST

In a remarkable new finding, scientists have reported that certain coral reef fish use ultraviolet (UV) vision to tell the difference between their own and other similar species. Indeed, the otherwise rather plain-looking Ambon damselfish may even be able to...
 
Professor: Warmer Seas Herald Decreasing Clouds And Rain; 'The Reef And The Rainforest Live In A Type Of Symbiosis'
Lismor, Australia - Feb 25, 2010 16:45 EST

As ocean temperatures rise, the world’s corals might stop producing natural cloud seeding chemicals and less rain will fall – potentially affecting the lush rainforests on Australia’s east coast. This is the dire prediction made by Associate Professor Graham Jones, a...
 
Research: Involvement Of Locals Important In Marine Park Success; 'There Is A Lot Of Ocean Out There To Patrol'
Townsville, Queensland - Feb 22, 2010 20:38 EST

The involvement of locals is a key ingredient in the success of marine parks which protect coral reefs and fish stocks. The largest-scale study to date of how coastal communities influence successful outcomes in marine reserves has found that human population...
 

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