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Americas Newswire

Study: Swimmers At Sub-Tropical Beaches Show Increased Risk Of Illness; 'We Recommend Taking Simple Precautions'
Miami, Florida - Jul 28, 2010 21:08 EST

A yearlong beach study led by a team of University of Miami researchers suggests that swimmers at sub-tropical beaches face an increased risk of illness. The multi-disciplinary team examined the risk of illness that beachgoers face when exposed to recreational...
 
WWF: Mekong Dams Threaten Rare Giant Catfish; 'The Clock Is Ticking'
Washington, D.C. - Jul 27, 2010 22:47 EST

Wild populations of the iconic Mekong giant catfish will be driven to extinction if hydropower dams planned for the Mekong River go ahead, says a new report by World Wildlife Fund (WWF). The report, River of Giants: Giant Fish of the...
 
Oceana Announces Partnership With Discovery Channel's Shark Week, Urge Passage Of Shark Conservation Legislation
Washington, D.C. - Jul 26, 2010 21:25 EST

Oceana, the world's largest international conservation organization focused solely on protecting and restoring the world's oceans, announced today its partnership with Discovery Channel's Shark Week, which premieres Sunday, August 1 at 9 p.m. ET/PT. "Sharks deserve widespread attention not only because...
 
NOAA Reopens One-Third Of Closed Gulf Fishing Area; 'Good News For Gulf Fishermen And American Consumers'
Washington, D.C. - Jul 23, 2010 18:55 EST

NOAA has reopened 26,388 square miles of Gulf waters to commercial and recreational fishing on Thursday at 6:00 pm EDT. The reopening of a third of the overall closed area was announced after consultation with FDA and under a re-opening...
 
Extreme Archaeology: Divers Plumb The Mysteries Of Sacred Maya Pools
Urbana-Champaign, Illinois - Jul 22, 2010 15:30 EST

Steering clear of crocodiles and navigating around massive submerged trees, a team of divers began mapping some of the 25 freshwater pools of Cara Blanca, Belize, which were important to the ancient Maya. In three weeks this May, the divers...
 
Expedition To Mid-Cayman Rise Identifies Unusual Variety Of Deep Sea Vents; 'Extraordinarily Cool'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Jul 20, 2010 22:23 EST

The first expedition to search for deep-sea hydrothermal vents along the Mid-Cayman Rise has turned up three distinct types of hydrothermal venting, reports an interdisciplinary team led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in this week's Proceedings of the National...
 
Researcher: Sea Lamprey Research Sheds Light On How Stress Hormones Evolved
East Lansing, Michigan - Jul 19, 2010 21:20 EST

Michigan State University researchers are the first to identify a stress hormone in the sea lamprey, using the 500 million-year-old species as a model to understand the evolution of the endocrine system. Corticosteroid hormones control stress response in animals with backbones,...
 
Study Overturns Old Theory Of Phytoplankton Growth, Raise Concerns For Ocean Productivity; 'The Old Theory Made Common Sense'
Corvallis, Oregon - Jul 16, 2010 17:39 EST

A new study concludes that an old, fundamental and widely accepted theory of how and why phytoplankton bloom in the oceans is incorrect. The findings challenge more than 50 years of conventional wisdom about the growth of phytoplankton, which are the...
 
Report: Size Us Sea Turtle Populations Cannot Be Determined With Current Data; 'We Know Little About Key Characteristics'
Washington, D.C. - Jul 15, 2010 17:07 EST

The population sizes of six species of sea turtles listed as either endangered or threatened in the United States cannot be accurately determined based on currently available information, says a new report from the National Research Council. The report adds...
 
Florida Keys' Coral Reefs Set For Some Sexual Healing; Diver Encouraged To Experience 'Broadcast Spawning'
Key West, Florida - Jul 15, 2010 17:02 EST

Sparked by the August and September full moons, a rare and wondrous underwater exchange of reproductive cells heralds the continued survival of coral reefs and creates a fascinating experience for divers. According to researchers, corals use multiple reproductive strategies. Nearly all...
 
Study: Global Warming Slows Coral Growth In Red Sea; 'Could Cease Growing Altogether By 2070'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Jul 15, 2010 16:55 EST

In a pioneering use of computed tomography (CT) scans, scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) have discovered that carbon dioxide (CO2)-induced global warming is in the process of killing off a major coral species in the Red Sea. As...
 
Encrusted Conglomeration Yields Artifacts Of Wealth And War: Pieces Of Eight And 'Gunner's Dice'
Key West, Florida - Jul 14, 2010 22:15 EST

The five pound encrusted conglomeration of Santa Margarita shipwreck artifacts discovered in the Florida Straits in May by W. Keith Webb's Blue Water Ventures, though still in conservation, has thus far yielded two prime examples of 17th century Spanish presence...
 
Study: Sea Levels Rising In Parts Of Indian Ocean; 'Human-Caused Changes Of Atmospheric And Oceanic Circulation'
Boulder, Colorado - Jul 13, 2010 22:29 EST

Newly detected rising sea levels in parts of the Indian Ocean, including the coastlines of the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, Sri Lanka, Sumatra and Java, appear to be at least partly a result of human-induced increases of atmospheric...
 
Lionfish Invade Miami's Inshore Waters; 'Divers Should Use Extra Caution'
Key Biscayne, Florida - Jul 12, 2010 22:16 EST

Lionfish may soon be a common feature in the shallow waters off Miami. A juvenile of these invasive exotic species was captured just off Key Biscayne's beach on Saturday, one of five sighted in the area within the past...
 
Research: Antidepressants In Water Cause Shrimps To 'Swim Towards The Light'
Portsmouth, U.K. - Jul 7, 2010 22:59 EST

Rising levels of antidepressants in coastal waters could change sea-life behavior and potentially damage the food-chain, according to a new study. Research into the behavior of shrimps exposed to the antidepressant fluoxetine, showed that their behavior is dramatically affected. The...
 
Scientists: Lone Whales Shout To Overcome Noise; 'There Is A Physical Limit'
University Park, Pennslyvania - Jul 6, 2010 22:34 EST

Just like people in a bar or other noisy location, North American right whales increase the volume of their calls as environmental noise increases; and just like humans, at a certain point, it may become too costly to continue to...
 
NOAA Models: 60-80% Chance For Tarballs To Hit The Florida Keys And Miami
Washington, D.C. - Jul 3, 2010 18:05 EST

NOAA has used modeling of historical wind and ocean currents to project the likelihood that surface oil from the Deepwater Horizon/BP oil spill will impact additional U.S. coastline. This modeling, part of NOAA's comprehensive response to the unprecedented Gulf oil...
 
Scientists: Gulf Oil May Be Entering Estuarine Food Chains; 'I Have Never Seen This'
Hattiesburg, Mississippi - Jul 1, 2010 17:26 EST

Scientists at The University of Southern Mississippi and Tulane University have found oil in the postlarvae of blue crabs entering coastal marshes along the Gulf Coast signaling that oil may be entering estuarine food chains. Harriet Perry, director of the...
 
Lawsuit Launched To Force BP To Stop Burning Of Sea Turtles Alive; 'It Is Cruel, Heartless And A Crime'
San Francisco, California - Jul 1, 2010 10:47 EST

The Center for Biological Diversity and Turtle Island Restoration Network today officially notified BP and the U.S. Coast Guard of their intent to sue to stop the burning alive of endangered sea turtles in the chaotic clean-up efforts in the...
 
EPA Releases First Round Of Toxicity Testing Data For Eight Oil Dispersants; 'Use Dispersants Responsibly'
Washington, D.C. - Jul 1, 2010 09:00 EST

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency today released peer reviewed results from the first round of its own independent toxicity testing on eight oil dispersants. EPA conducted testing to ensure that decisions about ongoing dispersant use in the Gulf of Mexico...
 
Study Confirms: Lake Erie Is Still Sick; 'Huge Algal Mats Still Cover Much Of The Lake Bottom'
Buffalo, New York - Jun 30, 2010 16:42 EST

The Nearshore and Offshore Lake Erie Nutrient Study (NOLENS) concludes this month, following a year of research headed by principal investigator Chris Pennuto, a research scientist with the Buffalo State College Great Lakes Center and professor of biology. The fundamental...
 
Scientists Calculate The Role Of Swimmers In Ocean Mixing; 'We're Trying To Remain Agnostic About The Role Of Marine Life'‎
Madison, Wisconsin - Jun 29, 2010 20:11 EST

The world's oceans, we know, are constantly shaken and stirred by the winds and the tides and other physical forces of nature. But what about fish and other swimming marine life? Do they stir the ocean, too? Since the question was first...
 
NOAA Scientists Predict 'Larger Than Average' Gulf Dead Zone; 'Hypoxic Zone And The Oil Spill Is Not Good For Local Fisheries'
Washington, D.C. - Jun 29, 2010 19:21 EST

The northern Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone, an underwater area with little or no oxygen known commonly as the "dead zone," could be larger than the recent average, according to a forecast by a team of NOAA-supported scientists from the...
 
Underwater Sponges And Worms May Hold Key To Cure For Malaria; 'We Haven't Even Begun To Explore The Oceans' Depths'
Orlando, Florida - Jun 29, 2010 19:17 EST

Healing powers for one of the world's deadliest diseases may lie within sponges, sea worms and other underwater creatures. University of Central Florida scientist Debopam Chakrabarti is analyzing more than 2,500 samples from marine organisms collected off deep sea near Florida's...
 
Study Examines Why Mercury Is More Dangerous In Oceans; 'The Exposure Rate Of Mercury In The U.S. Is Quite High'
Durham, North Carolina - Jun 28, 2010 08:43 EST

Even though freshwater concentrations of mercury are far greater than those found in seawater, it's the saltwater fish like tuna, mackerel and shark that end up posing a more serious health threat to humans who eat them. The answer, according...
 
The Amperima Event: Ecological Change In The Abyss Driven By Climate
Southampton, U.K. - Jun 25, 2010 13:30 EST

Even in the dark abyss of the deep ocean animal communities can undergo rapid, widespread and radical changes. Scientists at the National Oceanography Centre are at the forefront of monitoring these changes and understanding the mechanisms responsible. Their latest research...
 
Taiwanese Couple Sentenced To Prison For Illegally Trading Protected Black Coral
Washington, D.C. - Jun 23, 2010 22:03 EST

Two Taiwanese nationals were sentenced to prison today in federal court in the U.S. Virgin Islands for conspiracy to ship internationally protected black coral into the United States in violation of federal wildlife statutes, the Department of Justice announced. Ivan Chu...
 
Deep Water: Researchers Discover Source Of Essential Nutrients For Mid-Ocean Algae
Monterey, California - Jun 23, 2010 21:50 EST

For almost three decades, oceanographers have been puzzled by the ability of microscopic algae to grow in mid-ocean areas where there is very little nitrate, an essential algal nutrient. In this week's issue of Nature, MBARI chemical oceanographer Ken Johnson,...
 
Fish Study Turns Color Vision Theory Inside Out; 'The Males Have To Make Themselves Stand Out'
St. Lucia, Queensland - Jun 22, 2010 23:28 EST

Neurobiologists at the Queensland Brain Institute have found that animals are not always as brightly colored as they seem at least not to their counterparts. Researchers have delved deep inside the eye of the brightly colored cichlid fish ...
 
Gender-Bending Fish Problem In Colorado Creek Mitigated By Treatment Plant Upgrade; 'A Canary In A Mine Shaft'
Boulder, Colorado - Jun 21, 2010 21:40 EST

Male fish are taking longer to be "feminized" by chemical contaminants that act as hormone disrupters in Colorado's Boulder Creek following the upgrade of a wastewater treatment plant in Boulder in 2008, according to a new study led by the...
 
Florida Waters Host Unusual Crowd Of Whale Sharks - Three Tagged By Marine Lab; 'Sara Is Wearing A Lot Of Jewelry Now'
Sarasota, Florida - Jun 19, 2010 21:54 EST

Ten whale sharks gathered Friday, June 18, about 23 miles offshore and southwest of Sarasota, giving Mote Marine Laboratory scientists a rare chance to satellite-tag three whale sharks in our own blue backyard. "People who have lived here 30 years...
 
Lawsuit Filed Against Bp On Behalf Of Scuba Diving Business; 'Taking A Double Hit'
Montgomery, Alabama - Jun 18, 2010 17:54 EST

Beasley, Allen, Crow, Methvin, Portis & Miles, P.C. has filed a lawsuit against British Petroleum ("BP") and several other companies with ties to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The firm represents Adventure Sports II, a SCUBA diving business, which has...
 
Researcher Suggests Retooling The Ocean Conveyor Belt; 'The Old Model Is No Longer Valid For Ocean Overturning'
Durham, North Carolina - Jun 18, 2010 17:17 EST

For decades, oceanographers have embraced the idea that Earth's ocean currents operate like a giant conveyor belt, overturning to continuously transport deep, cold polar waters toward the equator and warm equatorial surface waters back toward the poles along narrow boundary...
 
Oceanographers Call For More Oceanography In Antarctica, Suggest A 'Nested, Multi-Platform' Approach To Research
St. New Brunswick, New Jersey - Jun 18, 2010 17:11 EST

Rutgers' Oscar Schofield and five colleagues from other institutions have published in Science, calling for expanded ocean-observing in the Antarctic, particularly in the Western Antarctic Peninsula, or WAP. This mountainous arm of the continent stretches north toward South America. In their...
 
Noaa Conducts Tests To Determine Fate Of Whale Found Dead In Gulf Of Mexico; Not Found In Oiled Water
Washington, D.C. - Jun 17, 2010 15:22 EST

On Tuesday, June 15, the NOAA Ship Pisces reported a dead sperm whale floating 77 miles due south of the Deepwater Horizon spill site. NOAA is currently in the process of conducting thorough testing to determine the circumstances surrounding the...
 
Ultimate Leaping Sharks: 23rd Annual Shark Week Shows The Apex Predator As Never Before
Silver Spring, Maryland - Jun 17, 2010 14:56 EST

Off the coast of South Africa, massive one-ton great white sharks blast from the water at 25 mph, with almost no warning, to pull a sneak attack on the seals that congregate there. Ten years ago, Discovery Channel premiered AIR...
 
Scientists: Wild Sharks, Redfish Harbor Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria; 'These Fish Eat What We Eat'
Urbana-Champaign, Illinois - Jun 16, 2010 17:49 EST

Scientists have found antibiotic-resistant bacteria in seven species of sharks and redfish captured in waters off Belize, Florida, Louisiana and Massachusetts. Most of these wild, free-swimming fish harbored several drug-resistant bacterial strains. The study, published in the Journal of Zoo...
 
Study: Cooler Pacific May Have Severely Affected Medieval Europe, North America; 'Warm Conditions Cause Increased Precipitation'
Miami, Florida - Jun 14, 2010 20:30 EST

In the time before Columbus sailed the ocean blue, a cooler central Pacific Ocean has been connected with drought conditions in Europe and North America that may be responsible for famines and the disappearance of cliff dwelling people in the...
 
Scientists Can Predict Almost To The Hour When The Reef-Building 'Rice Coral' Off Oahu Will Spawn
Manoa, Hawaii - Jun 13, 2010 17:39 EST

Scientists can predict almost to the hour when the reef-building "rice coral" off Oahu will spawn, but no one knows where the resulting floating coral larvae go. From June 11-16, 2010, the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Hawai'i at...
 
Smell Stereo: Mystery Solved Of How Sharks Can Smell A Drop Of Blood From Far Away
Tampa, Florida - Jun 10, 2010 15:25 EST

It's no secret that sharks have a keen sense of smell and a remarkable ability to follow their noses through the ocean, right to their next meal. Now, researchers reporting online on June 10th in Current Biology, a Cell Press...
 

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