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Americas Newswire

Woods Hole Leads Expedition To Measure Radioactive Contaminants In Pacific, 'Establish A Baseline'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Jun 2, 2011 18:37 EST

The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) will lead the first international, multidisciplinary assessment of the levels and dispersion of radioactive substances in the Pacific Ocean off the Fukushima nuclear power plant—a research effort funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore...
 
Bass Angler Robert Pearson To Literally Enjoy Home Cookin' This Weekend; 'I Have To Find The Bigger Fish'
National Harbor, Maryland - Jun 2, 2011 18:28 EST

As the Walmart FLM Tour prepares for this week's tournament on the Potomac River, numerous pro anglers are turning to GEICO fisherman Robert Pearson. But Pearson, who has extensive experience fishing the Potomac, isn't in a helping mood. Pearson is from...
 
NOAA Commemorates The 100th Birthday Of Rms Titanic; Shipwreck 'A Powerful Symbol And An Icon'
Silver Spring, Maryland - Jun 1, 2011 17:45 EST

The world's best known shipwreck turned 100 on May 31, 2011. Maritime historians generally consider the date of a ship's launch to be its "official birth date" and the Belfast, Northern Ireland, shipyard of Harland & Wolff launched RMS Titanic...
 
Study: 'Champagne Reefs' Signal Severe Impacts To Coral Reefs Worldwide
Miami, Florida - May 29, 2011 18:51 EST

A new study from University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science scientists Chris Langdon, Remy Okazaki and Nancy Muehllehner and colleagues from the Australian Institute of Marine Science and the Max-Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in...
 
7,000 Tanks: University Opens World's Most Modern Zebrafish Facility
St. Louis, Missouri - May 27, 2011 18:13 EST

Tiny tropical fish are helping scientists understand human development and disease, from birth defects and cancer to muscle and nerve disorders. Contributing to this effort, Washington University is now home to one of the largest zebrafish facilities in the world. And...
 
Pass: NOAA Finds Endangered Species Listing For Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Not Warranted
Silver Spring, Maryland - May 27, 2011 18:04 EST

After an extensive scientific review, NOAA announced today that Atlantic bluefin tuna currently do not warrant species protection under the Endangered Species Act. NOAA has committed to revisit this decision by early 2013, when more information will be available about the effects of...
 
Scientist: Doubts Raised On Theory That Bacteria Consumed Deepwater Horizon Methane; 'Still A Lot To Learn'
Athens, Georgia - May 26, 2011 19:44 EST

A technical comment published in the current (May 27) edition of the journal Science casts doubt on a widely publicized study that concluded that a bacterial bloom in the Gulf of Mexico consumed the methane discharged from the Deepwater Horizon...
 
Send In The Lawyers: Experts Create First Legal Roadmap To Tackle Local Ocean Acidification Hotspots
Palo Alto, California - May 26, 2011 19:37 EST

Coastal communities hard hit by ocean acidification hotspots have more options than they may realize, says an interdisciplinary team of science and legal experts. In a paper published in the journal Science, experts from Stanford University's Center for Ocean Solutions...
 
Researchers Globally Quantify Seagrass Extinction Risk; 3 of 72 Species 'Endangered'
Gloucester Point, Virginia - May 26, 2011 14:27 EST

A team of 21 researchers from 11 nations, including professor Robert "JJ" Orth of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science, has completed the first-ever study of the risk of extinction for individual seagrass species around the world. The 4-year study, requested...
 
Scientist: Gulf Dolphins Impacted By BP Oil Spill; Dispersants, Oil, Cold 'A Perfect Storm'
Orlando, Florida - May 26, 2011 14:10 EST

The BP oil spill and the dispersants used to clean it up may be contributing to the unusually high number of dolphins dying in the Gulf of Mexico, according to a University of Central Florida scientist. Since BP's Deepwater Horizon dumped...
 
In An Alligator-Eat-Alligator World, Cannibalism Can Mean Population Control
Gainsville, Florida - May 26, 2011 10:31 EST

It's an alligator-eat-alligator world out in the waters of Orange Lake in Alachua County, Florida. Cannibalism among American alligators is responsible for a 6–7% reduction in the number of juvenile gators here each year, according to a new study. This...
 
No Shrimp: Cambrian Super-Predators Grew Large In Arms Race; 'Fierce Horrible Predators'
New York, New York - May 25, 2011 18:35 EST

The Cambrian Period's most ferocious predator clung to life for 30 million years longer than was previously thought. Fossils from Morocco show that sea creatures known as anomalocaridids survived long after they had been understood to have gone extinct, and...
 
Feeding On Tunny, Scientists Discover The Largest Assembly Of Whale Sharks Ever Recorded
Washington, D.C. - May 25, 2011 17:13 EST

Whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) are often thought to be solitary behemoths that live and feed in the open ocean. Scientists at the Smithsonian Institution and colleagues, however, have found that this is not necessarily the case, finding that whale sharks...
 
NOAA Fisheries Encourages Fishermen To Release Shortfin Mako Sharks Alive, Be 'Leaders In Conservation'
Silverspring, Maryland - May 25, 2011 16:48 EST

NOAA's Fisheries Service today launched a voluntary program to encourage commercial and recreational fishermen to safely release Atlantic shortfin mako sharks alive and report the releases to NOAA for posting on an online map. The new program is designed to encourage...
 
Prized Delicacy Abalone Could Be Doomed By Increasing Ocean Acidity; 'This Is Bad News'
Vancouver, British Columbia - May 25, 2011 16:35 EST

Increasing levels of ocean acidity could spell doom for British Columbia's already beleaguered northern abalone, according to the first study to provide direct experimental evidence that changing sea water chemistry is negatively affecting an endangered species. The northern abalone--prized as a...
 
Study Finds Common Fire Retardant Harmful To Aquatic Life; PBDEs linked To 'Disruption Of Thyroid Hormones'
Waco, Texas - May 24, 2011 18:21 EST

A new study by Baylor University environmental health researchers found that zebra fish exposed to several different technical mixtures of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) - a common fire retardant - during early development can cause developmental malformations, changes in behavior...
 
Study: Marine Mammals Infected With Two Parasites Normally Found In Land Animals
Bethesda, Maryland - May 24, 2011 18:16 EST

A study of tissue samples from 161 marine mammals that died between 2004 and 2009 in the Pacific Northwest reveals an association between severe illness and co-infection with two kinds of parasites normally found in land animals. One, Sarcocystis neurona,...
 
Scientists: Unusual Earthquake Gave Japan Tsunami Extra Punch; 'It Displaced The Seafloor Dramatically'
Palo Alto, California - May 24, 2011 17:10 EST

The magnitude 9 earthquake and resulting tsunami that struck Japan on March 11 were like a one-two punch – first violently shaking, then swamping the islands – causing tens of thousands of deaths and hundreds of billions of dollars in...
 
Researchers: 2 Greenland Glaciers Lose Enough Ice To Fill Lake Erie; 'A Kind Of High-Definition Picture Of Ice Loss'
Columbus, Ohio - May 24, 2011 16:35 EST

A new study aimed at refining the way scientists measure ice loss in Greenland is providing a "high-definition picture" of climate-caused changes on the island. And the picture isn't pretty. In the last decade, two of the largest three glaciers draining that...
 
Titanic-Eating Bacterium, Pancake Batfish, Underwater Mushroom Make List As Scientists Name Top 10 New Species
Tempe, Arizona - May 23, 2011 19:06 EST

The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and a committee of taxonomists from around the world – scientists responsible for species exploration and classification – announced their picks for the top 10 new species described in 2010....
 
After Japan Nuclear Power Plant Disaster: How Much Radioactivity In The Oceans?
Washington, D.C. - May 19, 2011 18:56 EST

Among the casualties of the March 11, 2011, earthquake and resulting tsunami in Japan was the country's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. A result of the loss of electricity, overheating at the power plant led to significant releases of iodine, cesium...
 
From Costa Rica To Nicaragua: Under The Cover Of Darkness, Foreign Fleet Now Lands Shark Fins In Nicaragua
San Jose, Costa Rica - May 19, 2011 18:35 EST

No longer able to land hundreds of tons of shark fins per year at private docks in Costa Rica, the foreign fleet is now landing its consignment of fins in Nicaragua. Concerned over the situation, Nicaraguan environmental organizations have...
 
Bonefish Spawning Locale Discovered -- They Do It Offshore, In The Dark, At High Tide
Amherst, Massachusetts - May 19, 2011 18:27 EST

Though bonefish are one of the most sought-after tropical sport fish in the world, drawing thousands of anglers to Caribbean waters every season, until recently the only information scientists had about their spawning habits were anecdotes and fish tales. Now,...
 
Angler Teddy Carr Records Top-10 Finish In Weekend Bassmaster Tourney; 'I Caught 25 Fish In A Single Hour'
Marbury, Maryland - May 17, 2011 18:21 EST

GEICO pro angler Teddy Carr executed a perfect gameplan at Saturday's Bassmaster Weekend Series stop on the Potomac River, working the spawning fish and the tidal waters along the tributary to perfection and earning a season-best, top-10 finish with a...
 
Study: Sewage-Derived Nitrogen Increasingly Polluting Caribbean Ecosystems
Washington, D.C. - May 16, 2011 20:03 EST

Nitrogen pollution in our coastal ecosystems, the result of widespread use of synthetic agricultural fertilizers and of human sewage, leads to decreased water transparency, the loss of desirable fish species, and the emergence of toxic phytoplankton species—such as the algae...
 
Researchers: How Can A Colorblind Animal Change Its Colors To Blend Into The Background?
West Point, New York - May 16, 2011 19:33 EST

How could a colorblind animal know how to change its skin color to blend into its surroundings? And what will the animal's predator "see," looking at its prey before and after it hides? These provocative questions are addressed in article published...
 
Successful Expedition Places Humans At Lower Limits Of Mesophotic Zone; 'A Very Exciting Time For Benthic Marine Scientists'
Providence, Rhode Island - May 16, 2011 18:34 EST

Ocean Opportunity, a Rhode Island based not for profit organization, is pleased to announce the safe and successful return of an expedition to explore and document the natural history of the mesophotic, or 'middle light', zone from 200 to 500...
 
Researchers Searching For War Of 1812 Shipwrecks In Lake Ontario
Indiana, Pennsylvania - May 16, 2011 11:00 EST

The Titanic may be disintegrating, but if two Indiana University of Pennsylvania professors have their way, shipwrecks from the War of 1812 won't face the same fate. Dr. Katie Farnsworth, IUP Geoscience Department, and Dr. Ben Ford, Anthropology Department, are preparing...
 
Explorers Find Historic SS Dix Shipwreck In Seattle's Elliott Bay; 'An Important Piece Of Local History'
Seattle, Washington - May 12, 2011 21:16 EST

Using a five passenger submarine and a remotely operated vehicle, a team of local explorers has discovered a historic Mosquito Fleet Steamer in Elliott Bay near Alki Point. The team believes the shipwreck may be the final resting place...
 
Biologists Interpret The Language Of Sperm Whales; Accents And Regional Dialects Highlight Findings
Halifax, Nova Scotia - May 12, 2011 20:39 EST

When they dive together, sperm whales make patterns of clicks to each other known as "codas". Recent findings suggest that, not only do different codas mean different things, but that whales can also tell which member of their community is...
 
Study: Darkness Stifles Reproduction Of Surface-Dwelling Fish
Raleigh, North Carolina - May 11, 2011 20:59 EST

There's a reason to be afraid of the dark. Fish accustomed to living near the light of the water's surface become proverbial "fish out of water" when they move to dark environments like those found in caves, according to a study...
 
Angler Teddy Carr Has Tricks For Fishing In His Backyard; 'You're Trying To Find A Diamond In The Rough'
Marbury, Maryland - May 11, 2011 20:21 EST

GEICO bass angler Teddy Carr has been in tournaments like this weekend's Bassmaster Weekend Series stop on the Potomac River before, so he knows the difference between success and failure might come down to an ounce or two. "You're trying to...
 
Study: Antarctic Icebergs Help The Ocean Take Up Carbon Dioxide; 'Implications For Global Climate Models'
Moss Landing, California - May 11, 2011 19:56 EST

The first comprehensive study of the biological effects of Antarctic icebergs shows that they fertilize the Southern Ocean, enhancing the growth of algae that take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and then, through marine food chains, transfer carbon into...
 
Research: Bottlenose Dolphins, Beluga Whales Feeding In Urbanized Areas Accumulate More Chemical Pollutants
Charleston, South Carolina - May 11, 2011 17:04 EST

Bottlenose dolphins* and beluga whales**, two marine species at or near the top of their respective food webs, accumulate more chemical pollutants in their bodies when they live and feed in waters near urbanized areas, according to scientists working at...
 
An Enigmatic Problem In Marine Ecology Uncovered; 'Fish Larvae Can Go Almost Anywhere'
Halifax, Nova Scotia - May 11, 2011 16:29 EST

Reef fishes and many other marine species live all their adulthood in one place but early in their lives, when they're eggs and larvae, spend a short period of time drifting and swimming in the open ocean. It seems intuitive...
 
Research: 'Fool's Gold' From The Deep Is Fertilizer For Ocean Life; 'An Ongoing Iron Supplement For The Ocean'
Arlington, Virginia - May 9, 2011 18:33 EST

Similar to humans, the bacteria and tiny plants living in the ocean need iron for energy and growth. But their situation is quite different from ours--for one, they can't turn to natural iron sources like leafy greens or red meat...
 
Study Probes Sources Of Mississippi River Phosphorus; Don't Blame Cow And Over-Fertilization
Madison, Wisconsin - May 9, 2011 17:13 EST

In their eagerness to cut nitrogen and phosphorus pollution in the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico, people have often sought simple explanations for the problem: too many large animal operations, for instance, or farmers who apply too much fertilizer,...
 
Shark Men: 18-Footer Is Biggest Great White Shark Caught, Released; 'He Was Just A Bad-Ass'
Washington, D.C. - May 6, 2011 19:02 EST

The crew of National Geographic Channel's hit series Shark Men today announced that they have broken the previous record for capturing the largest great white shark ever caught and released alive. The crew landed a 17-foot, 9-inch-long male great...
 
From A Bucket Of Seawater, New Understanding Of The Ocean; 'Predation, Viral Infections, And The Divergent Fate Of Close Relatives'
New Brunswick, New Jersey - May 6, 2011 18:03 EST

From a bucket of seawater, scientists have unlocked information that may lead to deeper understanding of organisms as different as coral reefs and human disease. By analyzing genomes of a tiny, single-celled marine animal, they have demonstrated a possible way...
 
After A Three-Decade Hiatus, Sea-Level Rise May Return To The West Coast; 'Wind Stess Shift'
San Diego, California - May 5, 2011 10:19 EST

The West Coast of North America has caught a break that has left sea level in the eastern North Pacific Ocean steady during the last few decades, but there is evidence that a change in wind patterns may be occurring...
 

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