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Americas Newswire

CAFTA To Investigate Costa Rica For Failing To Protect Sea Turtles; 'Authorities Are Reluctant To Implement Laws'
San Jose, Costa Rica - Sep 6, 2011 19:11 EST

The Secretariat for Environmental Matters of the Central American and Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), with headquarters in Antigua, Guatemala, formally admitted a Communication submitted by Pretoma (CAALA/11/005), in which Costa Rica is denounced for failing to effectively implement...
 
Research: Tadpoles Protect Themselves From Predators By Being A Not-So-Tasty Treat
Ontario, Canada - Sep 1, 2011 19:52 EST

Nature has many tricks to protect its weaker creatures against more aggressive prey. One of these is being so unpalatable that predators have no desire to eat you. By being unpalatable to fish, bullfrog tadpoles have a better chance to...
 
Chile Says No To Salmon Farming Off Tierra Del Fuego; 'the Right Step In Protecting Invaluable Coastal Resources'
New York, New York - Sep 1, 2011 19:48 EST

The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) commended local Chilean officials for keeping salmon farms from the fragile coastal waters of Tierra del Fuego Province due to environmental concerns. The officials also reduced salmon farming in nearby Antarctica and Magellanes Provinces along...
 
Just In Time For The Holidays, Monterey Bay Aquarium Puts Newly Netted Great White Shark On Display
Monterey, California - Sep 1, 2011 10:36 EST

For the sixth time, the Monterey Bay Aquarium has a young great white shark on exhibit. He was brought to Monterey from Malibu last night (Wednesday, August 31), just 13 days after he was collected by aquarium staff in waters...
 
Group: 'Trophy Hunters' Devastating Sharks In St. Maarten Marine Park
St. Maarten, Netherlands Antilles - Aug 30, 2011 18:06 EST

Recently the Nature Foundation has been receiving reports that individuals are trophy hunting the resident shark population within the Man of War Shoal Marine Park and subsequently killing them. Sharks have a very high value to the ecology of the...
 
Study: Preserving 4 Percent Of The Ocean Could Protect Most Marine Mammal Species
Palo Alto, California - Aug 29, 2011 18:03 EST

Preserving just 4 percent of the ocean could protect crucial habitat for the vast majority of marine mammal species, from sea otters to blue whales, according to researchers at Stanford University and the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Their findings...
 
NASA: 'Rainfall Rollercoaster' Blamed As Oceans Levels Unexpectedly Drop; Expected 'Global Warning' Rise Hits 'Pothole'
Pasadena, California - Aug 27, 2011 18:42 EST

Like mercury in a thermometer, ocean waters expand as they warm. This, along with melting glaciers and ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, drives sea levels higher over the long term. For the past 18 years, the U.S./French Jason-1, Jason-2...
 
New Study Shows That Florida's Reefs Cannot Endure A 'Cold Snap'
Miami, Florida - Aug 26, 2011 18:32 EST

Remember frozen iguanas falling from trees during Florida's 2010 record-breaking cold snap? Well, a new study led by scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science shows that Florida's corals also dropped in numbers...
 
Research Vessel Polarstern At North Pole; 'Not More Interesting Than Other Places In The Arctic'
North Pole - Aug 24, 2011 22:52 EST

On August 22, 2011, at exactly 9.42 a.m., the research icebreaker Polarstern of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association reached the North Pole. The aim of the current expedition is to document changes...
 
Ancient Whale Skulls And Directional Hearing: A Twisted Tale; 'Not Related To Echolocation'
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Aug 23, 2011 21:19 EST

Skewed skulls may have helped early whales discriminate the direction of sounds in water and are not solely, as previously thought, a later adaptation related to echolocation. University of Michigan researchers report the finding in a paper to be published...
 
Mote Receives NOAA Grant For Study Of Catch-And-Release Shark Fishing; 'Way Beyond 'Dead Or Alive''
Sarasota, Florida - Aug 22, 2011 22:52 EST

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has awarded Mote Marine Laboratory a $192,000 grant to study how sharks fare after anglers release them — critical knowledge that will help resource managers maintain healthy shark fisheries. Mote scientists will record fine-scale...
 
Eco-Labeled Seafood Is Not Always What It Seems; 'The Results Are Not Exactly Shocking'
Clemson, South Carolina - Aug 22, 2011 19:09 EST

When you buy what looks to be a nice piece of certified sustainable fish at the supermarket, you'd like to think that's exactly what you're getting. Unfortunately, things aren't always what they seem, according to researchers who have analyzed DNA...
 
Newly Discovered Icelandic Current Could Change North Atlantic Climate Picture; 'We'Ve Identified A New Paradigm'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Aug 21, 2011 18:55 EST

An international team of researchers, including physical oceanographers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), has confirmed the presence of a deep-reaching ocean circulation system off Iceland that could significantly influence the ocean's response to climate change in previously unforeseen...
 
Office Of Naval Research Taking On Challenges Of Unmanned Underwater Vehicles; 'It Is All About Taking S&T From ONR'
Washington, D.C. - Aug 20, 2011 18:13 EST

As the Office of Naval Research (ONR) increases its science and technology (S&T) investment in unmanned systems, a number of hurdles need to be overcome including autonomy and littoral operations, ONR's director of innovation said at an Aug. 18 conference...
 
Swamp People: Louisiana Engineers Eye Alligator Fat For Biodiesel Source
Lafayette, Louisiana - Aug 18, 2011 18:02 EST

UL engineers have identified a novel source stock for biodiesel: alligator fat. Their findings appeared in the Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, published by American Chemical Society. UL engineers have identified a novel source stock for biodiesel: alligator...
 
Research: Human Feces Killing Corals In The Florida Keys; 'These Bacteria Do Not Come From The Ocean'
Athens, Georgia - Aug 17, 2011 21:56 EST

A research team from Rollins College in Florida and the University of Georgia has identified human sewage as the source of the coral-killing pathogen that causes white pox disease of Caribbean elkhorn coral. Once the most common coral in the...
 
Scientists: First As Japanese Tsunami Picked Up By Radar; New Warning System Possible
Davis, California - Aug 16, 2011 22:53 EST

The tsunami that devastated Japan on March 11 was picked up by high-frequency radar in California and Japan as it swept toward their coasts, according to U.S. and Japanese scientists. This is the first time that a tsunami has been...
 
PADI Set To Award 20 Millionth Scuba Diving Certification; 'The Way The World Learns To Dive'
Rancho Santa Margarita, California - Aug 15, 2011 22:33 EST

PADI, the world's largest diver training organization, today announced its "Countdown to 20 Million" campaign, which will award a fantastic trip to Australia's Great Barrier Reef to the diver who receives the 20 millionth PADI scuba certification. PADI has...
 
Hidden Baja Undersea Park Is The World's Most Robust Marine Reserve; 'An Extraordinary Recovery '
San Diego, California - Aug 12, 2011 19:24 EST

A thriving undersea wildlife park tucked away near the southern tip of Mexico's Baja peninsula has proven to be the world's most robust marine reserve in the world, according to a new study led by researchers at Scripps Institution of...
 
Under Pressure: Worldwide Map Identifies Important Coral Reefs Exposed To Stress
New York, New York - Aug 11, 2011 19:09 EST

Marine researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society and other groups have created a map of the world's corals and their exposure to stress factors, including high temperatures, ultra-violet radiation, weather systems, sedimentation, as well as stress-reducing factors such as temperature...
 
Decade-Long Study Reveals Recurring Patterns Of Viruses In The Open Ocean
Santa Barbara, California - Aug 11, 2011 16:07 EST

Viruses fill the ocean and have a significant effect on ocean biology, specifically marine microbiology, according to a professor of biology at UC Santa Barbara and his collaborators. Craig A. Carlson, professor with UCSB's Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology,...
 
Study: 'Surprise' As Computer Simulation Says Arctic Ice Melt Could Pause For Several Years, Then Resume Again
Boulder, Colorado - Aug 11, 2011 15:31 EST

Although Arctic sea ice appears fated to melt as the climate continues to warm, the ice may temporarily stabilize or somewhat expand at times over the next few decades, new research indicates. The computer modeling study, by scientists at the National...
 
U.S. Navy Researching Cellular-Level Effects Of Underwater Pressure On Divers; 'This Is A Huge Leap Forward'
Arlington, Virginia - Aug 10, 2011 21:51 EST

Reaching a new threshold in underwater medical studies, the Office of Naval Research (ONR), today announced a novel capability for examining how cells work at pressures far below the sea surface. Researchers at the Navy Experimental Diving Unit (NEDU) have designed,...
 
Ban Sought On International Bluefin Tuna Trade; Protection Sought To Slow Illegal Fishing, Improve Catch Limit Compliance
Washington, D.C. - Aug 10, 2011 21:41 EST

The Center for Biological Diversity today requested that the United States seek protection for Atlantic bluefin tuna under an international treaty that would ban cross-border trade of this imperiled fish. Listing bluefin under Appendix I of the Convention on International...
 
Woods Hole Team Joins NOAA's Battle Of The Atlantic; U-boats 'Sank Ships At Will'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Aug 10, 2011 18:18 EST

It's been called everything from the Graveyard of the Atlantic to Torpedo Junction. By whatever name, the seas off the coast of North Carolina during World War II were the site of a devastating period for the United States, during...
 
NOAA, University Of Hawaii, Research Maui's World War II Legacy; 'Like Windows Into The Past'
Silver Spring, Maryland - Aug 10, 2011 18:11 EST

NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries' Maritime Heritage Program and the University of Hawaii's Marine Option Program have completed a survey of sunken World War II-era aircraft and shipwrecks along Maui's southern coast. The two-week survey continues a longstanding collaboration...
 
Scientists Discover New Eruption At Undersea Volcano Off Oregon Coast, After Successfully Forecasting The Event
Corvallis, Oregon - Aug 9, 2011 22:18 EST

A team of scientists just discovered a new eruption of Axial Seamount, an undersea volcano located about 250 miles off the Oregon coast – and one of the most active and intensely studied seamounts in the world. What makes the event...
 
Bass Angler Bradley Doing The Research Necessary To Catch The Big Fish In Maryland; 'I'm Prepared For Anything'
Marbury, Maryland - Aug 9, 2011 21:29 EST

GEICO pro angler Christiana Bradley has been playing the role of weatherman and marine biologist for the past few weeks as she prepares for this Saturday's Bassmaster Weekend Series tournament on the Potomac River. "The weather patterns have changed a...
 
Under-The-Sea Art Exhibition Opens On A Sunken Ship Off Florida Coast
Key West, Florida - Aug 8, 2011 23:30 EST

An underwater art exhibit has debuted on a former Air Force missile-tracking ship sunk in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary seven miles south of Key West to become an artificial reef. Austrian art photographer Andreas Franke is exhibiting a dozen...
 
Scientist Urges Government Ruling On Genetically Engineered Salmon; 'Any New Technology Can Have Risks'
West Lafayette, Indiana - Aug 8, 2011 22:48 EST

A Purdue University scientist is urging federal officials to decide whether genetically engineered salmon would be allowed for U.S. consumption and arguing that not doing so may set back scientific efforts to increase food production. William Muir, a professor of animal...
 
Study: Severe Low Temperatures Devastate Coral Reefs In Florida Keys; 'Extreme Cold Is Just One Stressor Among Many'
Athens, Georgia - Aug 8, 2011 21:53 EST

Increased seawater temperatures are known to be a leading cause of the decline of coral reefs all over the world. Now, researchers at the University of Georgia have found that extreme low temperatures affect certain corals in much the same...
 
Tohoku Tsunami Created Icebergs In Antarctica; 'We Knew There Would Be Enough Swell'
Greenbelt, Maryland - Aug 8, 2011 21:47 EST

A NASA scientist and her colleagues were able to observe for the first time the power of an earthquake and tsunami to break off large icebergs a hemisphere away. Kelly Brunt, a cryosphere specialist at Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.,...
 
Researcher: 'Smell Of Death' Effective At Repelling Sea Lampreys; 'It Will Prove Quite Useful'
East Lansing, Michigan - Aug 5, 2011 18:43 EST

A repellant for sea lampreys could be the key to better controlling one of the most destructive invasive species in the Great Lakes, says a Michigan State University researcher. Scientists have seen the effect alarm cues have on lampreys. When scents...
 
Montana Researcher Looks At The Ocean Temperatures Off Peru And Discovers A Link To Montana Weather
Bozeman, Montana - Aug 5, 2011 18:00 EST

A Montana State University researcher who analyzed 100 years of data has found a significant link between extreme Montana weather and the ocean temperatures near Peru. Montanans who want to know what to expect from the weather should look to the...
 
Ocean Probes To Help Refine Climate Change Forecasting; 'Oceanography Is Risky; You Lose Things'
Los Angeles, California - Aug 5, 2011 17:43 EST

A USC researcher has opened a new window to understanding how the ocean impacts climate change. Lisa Collins, environmental studies lecturer with the USC Dornsife College, spent four years collecting samples from floating sediment traps in the San Pedro Basin off...
 
Study: Artificial Reefs Are Economic Boon; Enjoy Widespread Public Support
Gainsville, Florida - Aug 4, 2011 19:05 EST

A newly released University of Florida study of artificial reef use in six southwest Florida counties shows the structures lure a lot more than fish. The reefs, which provide habitat for popular sport fish and other marine life, pulled more than...
 
Underwater Archaeologists Discover Shipwreck Believed To Be From Captain Henry Morgan's Lost Fleet
Norwalk, Connecticut - Aug 4, 2011 17:48 EST

A team of leading U.S. archaeologists have discovered the wreckage of a ship they believe to be part of Captain Henry Morgan's lost fleet at the mouth of the Chagres River in Panama. Near the Lajas Reef, where Morgan lost...
 
In A Big Leap Forward For Sustainable Fishing, Company Spawns Natural Bluefin Tuna
San Diego, California - Aug 4, 2011 10:51 EST

It's a key goal in sustainable fish farming: ensuring that a population of fish is breeding naturally within their holding pens. Now Umami Sustainable Seafood, a holding company of fish farming operations supplying sashimi-grade Northern Bluefin Tuna to the global...
 
Odyssey's Gairsoppa Shipwreck Project Underway, Seeking 7,000,000 Ounces Of Silver; 'It's An Exciting Season'
Tampa, Florida - Aug 3, 2011 12:52 EST

Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., a pioneer in the field of deep-ocean shipwreck exploration, has begun its search for the SS Gairsoppa aboard the Russian research vessel the RV Yuzhmorgeologiya. "The team, tools and technology are in place for the Gairsoppa project...
 
New 'The Sharks Of North America' The Most Comprehensive Compilation Ever About North American Sharks
Sarasota, Florida - Aug 2, 2011 17:59 EST

In The Sharks of North America, Dr. José I. Castro provides a comprehensive account of 135 shark species with unrivaled authority and aesthetic detail. The book, published by Oxford University Press, is illustrated with stunning, anatomically correct drawings by Diane...
 

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