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Study Examines Sea Cucumbers Role In Reef Environment; 'Increase Sea Water Buffer Capacity'
Washington, D.C. - Dec 22, 2011 19:11 EST

Coral reefs are extremely diverse ecosystems that support enormous biodiversity. But they are at risk. Carbon dioxide emissions are acidifying the ocean, threatening reefs and other marine organisms. New research led by Carnegie's Kenneth Schneider analyzed the role of sea...
 
New Research Shows How Much Food Is Needed By Seabirds; 'This Paper Will Be An Instant Classic'
Anchorage, Alaska - Dec 22, 2011 18:40 EST

An international group of scientists, including one from the U.S. Geological Survey, has shown that many seabirds begin to suffer when the food available for them in the ocean declines below a critical level. This level is about one-third of...
 
Study Examines How Diving Marine Mammals Manage Decompression; 'No Evidence They Get The Bends Routinely'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Dec 21, 2011 18:48 EST

Any diver returning from ocean depths knows about the hazard of decompression sickness (DCS) or "the bends." As the diver ascends and the ocean pressure decreases, gases that were absorbed by the body during the dive, come out of solution...
 
Despite 'Irrefutable Evidence', Costa Rica Dismisses Cases Against Illegal Shrimp Trawlers In National Wildlife Refuges; 'Reasonable Doubts'
San Jose, Costa Rica - Dec 20, 2011 19:37 EST

In an official Incopesca notification PESJ-739-12-2011 received by Pretoma on December 14, the fisheries institute made public its decision to drop two cases of illegal fishing involving two shrimp trawlers within the Caletas-Ario National Wildlife Refuge's protected waters where...
 
Nominations Open For The 2012 Dan/Rolex Diver Of The Year Award
Durham, North Carolina - Dec 19, 2011 22:31 EST

Everyone has the ability to make a difference every day, but there are those who go so far above and beyond the call their contributions have far-reaching effects and influence the ways things are done. Do you know someone like...
 
Study: Fish Hatcheries Super-Charge The Speed Of Evolution; Unintentional 'Domestication Selection'
Corvallis, Oregon - Dec 19, 2011 21:49 EST

The impact of hatcheries on salmonids is so profound that in just one generation traits are selected that allow fish to survive and prosper in the hatchery environment, at the cost of their ability to thrive and reproduce in a...
 
Florida Reefs Suffer Significant Coral Bleaching In 2011, Worst In 6 Years Of Studies
Altamonte Springs, Florida - Dec 18, 2011 18:18 EST

The summer of 2011 saw almost the entire Florida Reef Tract, from the Lower Keys to Martin County, suffer coral bleaching, the most extensive coral bleaching event since detailed monitoring began in 2005. The results were tabulated by The Nature...
 
Barracuda Babies: Novel Study Sheds Light On Early Life Of Prolific Predator
Miami, Florida - Dec 16, 2011 19:18 EST

For anglers and boaters who regularly travel the coasts of Florida the great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) is a common sight. Surprisingly, however, very little is known about the early life stage of this ecologically and socio-economically important coastal fish. In...
 
Scientists Assess Radioactivity In The Ocean From Japan Nuclear Power Facility
Arlington, Virginia - Dec 15, 2011 18:56 EST

With current news of additional radioactive leaks from the Fukushima nuclear power plants, the impact on the ocean of releases of radioactivity from the plants remains unclear. But a new study by U.S. and Japanese researchers analyzes the levels of...
 
Study Of Skates And Sharks Questions Assumptions About 'Essential' Genes
Salisbury Cove, Maine - Dec 15, 2011 18:37 EST

Biologists have long assumed that all jawed vertebrates possess a full complement of nearly identical genes for critical aspects of their development. But a paper in the December 16 issue of Science with Benjamin King of the Mount Desert Island...
 
Blue Marlin Blues: Loss Of Dissolved Oxygen In Oceans Squeezes Billfish Habitat
Miami, Florida - Dec 14, 2011 19:51 EST

he science behind counting fish in the ocean to measure their abundance has never been simple. A new scientific paper in Nature Climate Change shows that expanding 'ocean dead zones' (areas of low oxygen) driven in part by climate change...
 
Study Links Earthquakes To Tropical Cyclone Activity; 'Very Wet Rain Events Are The Trigger'
Miami, Florida - Dec 14, 2011 19:29 EST

A groundbreaking study led by University of Miami scientist Shimon Wdowinski shows that earthquakes, including the recent 2010 temblors in Haiti and Taiwan, may be triggered by tropical cyclones (hurricanes and typhoons). "Very wet rain events are the trigger," said Wdowinski,...
 
Ocean Art Underwater Photo Competition Winners Announced; $82,000 Worth Of Prizes Awarded
Santa Monica, California - Dec 14, 2011 18:34 EST

The Second Annual Ocean Art Underwater Photo Competition, organized by the Underwater Photography Guide, has announced its winners for 2011. This year's Ocean Art Photo Competition represents entrants from over fifty countries. Over $82,000 worth of prizes were awarded to 52...
 
Lions And Tigers: Too Much For The Gulf Of Mexico To Bear? Like 'Europeans Bringing Smallpox To The New World'
College Station, Texas - Dec 14, 2011 12:49 EST

There's an unseen foreign invasion going on in the Gulf of Mexico. Its stealth and speed is matched only in the uncertainty it has created among scientists and the people who make their livings from the Gulf's waters. Lionfish and black...
 
Oceana Sues To Protect Prey Of Whales, Dolphins And Seals; Government Ignores Science And Illegally Allows Overfishing Of Key Species
San Francisco, California - Dec 13, 2011 19:43 EST

Today Oceana, the largest international advocacy group working solely to protect the world's oceans, filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court of Northern California challenging the National Marine Fisheries Service's (NMFS) approval of Amendment 13 to the Coastal Pelagic...
 
The Origin Of Walking: 'Hopping' Lungfish Suggest Fish First Took Steps Underwater
Chicago, Illinois - Dec 12, 2011 18:58 EST

The eel-like body and scrawny "limbs" of the African lungfish would appear to make it an unlikely innovator for locomotion. But its improbable walking behavior, newly described by University of Chicago scientists, redraws the evolutionary route of life on Earth...
 
Research Divers Retrieve Prehistoric Wood From Lake Huron; 'Slowly, The Environmental Picture Is Filling In'
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Dec 12, 2011 18:28 EST

Under the cold clear waters of Lake Huron, University of Michigan researchers have found a five-and-a-half foot-long, pole-shaped piece of wood that is 8,900 years old. The wood, which is tapered and beveled on one side in a way that...
 
New Study Illustrates The Physics Behind Great White Shark Attacks On Seals; 'Stealth And Ambush Are Key Elements'
Maimi, Florida - Dec 9, 2011 20:40 EST

A new study examining the complex and dynamic interactions between white sharks and Cape fur seals in False Bay, South Africa, offers new insights on the physical conditions and biological factors underlying predator-prey interactions in the marine environment. University of Miami...
 
Elephant Seal Travels 'Awe-Inspiring' 18,000 Miles In 11 Months
New York, New York - Dec 9, 2011 19:18 EST

The Wildlife Conservation Society tracked a southern elephant seal for an astonishing 18,000 miles – the equivalent of New York to Sydney and back again. WCS tracked the male seal from December, 2010, to November, 2011. The animal – nicknamed Jackson...
 
Sierra Club Launches 'Safe Sushi' App To Query Mercury Levels
San Francisco, California - Dec 8, 2011 22:03 EST

Successfully eating with chopsticks will once again be the most nerve-racking part of eating sushi, thanks to a new app that informs and educates consumers about mercury levels in fish. The Sierra Club, the largest and most effective grassroots...
 
New Study Puts Eco-Labels To The Test; Environmental Standards For Farm-Raised Seafood Often Fall Short
Washington, D.C. - Dec 8, 2011 20:59 EST

A new report released today by the University of Victoria ranks eco-labels intended to distinguish seafood produced with less damage to the environment. It is the first study to evaluate how eco-labels for farmed marine fish compare to unlabeled options...
 
Sylvia Earle 'Delighted' To Join Board Of Advisors Of Ocean-Themed Web Media Property Theblu.com
Los Angeles, California - Dec 7, 2011 19:45 EST

Wemo Media today announced that legendary oceanographer Dr.Sylvia Earle has joined the Board of Advisors for its first Maker Media title, theBlu (www.theblu.com), bringing the Ocean to life on the web. "We are honored to have Sylvia on the Board...
 
Scientists: 'Double Tsunami' Doubled Japanese Destruction; 'It Was Like Looking For A Ghost'
San Francisco, California - Dec 6, 2011 09:55 EST

Researchers have discovered that the destructive tsunami generated by the March 2011 Tōhoku-Oki earthquake was a long-hypothesized "merging tsunami" that doubled in intensity over rugged ocean ridges, amplifying its destructive power before reaching shore. Satellites captured not just one wave front...
 
Study: Marine Predators Disappearing At An Alarming Rate; 'Prey For Human Beings, Assisted By Some Serious Technology'
Vancouver, BC - Dec 5, 2011 19:45 EST

Iconic marine predators such as sharks, tunas, swordfish, and marlins are becoming increasingly rare under current fishing trends, say University of British Columbia researchers. In half of the North Atlantic and North Pacific waters under national jurisdiction, fishing has led to...
 
Scientists Describe New Species Of Crab That 'Farms' Methane Vents
Corvallis, Oregon - Dec 3, 2011 19:30 EST

A species of crab found a thousand feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean near Costa Rica lives off the bacteria on its claws – bacteria that it fertilizes by waving them in methane and sulfide released from the...
 
Name And Shame: Costa Rican Pirate Fishermen Who Illegally Enter Cocos Islands Identified; 'The Authorities Are So Lax'
San Jose, Costa Rica - Nov 29, 2011 18:30 EST

Costa Rican authorities have published a list of illegal pirate fishermen who have been operating within the Cocos Island marine protected area. The shameful first place prize for illegal entrance goes to "Albatros" with 23 illegal entries, followed by...
 
Submarine Springs Offer Preview Of Ocean Acidification Effects On Coral Reefs; 'Some Good News And Some Bad News'
Santa Cruz, California - Nov 28, 2011 18:30 EST

Observations at submarine springs found along the coast of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula are giving scientists a preview of the possible fate of coral reef ecosystems in response to ocean acidification. The naturally low pH (a measure of acidity) in the water...
 
Supercool: Water Doesn't Have To Freeze Until Minus 55 F; 'We're Solving A Very Old Puzzle'
Salt Lake City, Utah - Nov 28, 2011 18:03 EST

We drink water, bathe in it and we are made mostly of water, yet the common substance poses major mysteries. Now, University of Utah chemists may have solved one enigma by showing how cold water can get before it absolutely...
 
Female Guppies Prefer Orange Mates, But Why? Biologists Solve An Evolution Mystery
Los Angeles, California - Nov 23, 2011 18:17 EST

Guppies in the wild have evolved over at least half-a-million years — long enough for the males' coloration to have changed dramatically. Yet a characteristic orange patch on male guppies has remained remarkably stable, though it could have become redder...
 
Not So Bad: Great Lakes Fish Feeding On Invading Shrimp
Kingston, Ontario - Nov 22, 2011 19:01 EST

The latest invader of the Great Lakes—Hemimysis anomala, or more commonly the bloody red shrimp after its bright red spots—may become a new food source for fish, allaying concerns about how it will impact native fish populations. "Forecasting how an...
 
Mote Marine Lab's 'Sustainable' Caviar Now Available At Whole Foods; 'Our Missions Intertwine Nicely'
Sarasota, Florida - Nov 22, 2011 18:36 EST

Mote's melt-in-your mouth Siberian caviar has been getting rave reviews since the first exquisite batch was produced in eastern Sarasota County in 2006. Now, Florida connoisseurs have a new source for this undeniable delicacy: Whole Foods Market®. The caviar — being...
 
Robojelly Gets An Upgrade: Underwater Robot Learns To Swim More Like The Real Thing; 'The Flap Plays An Important Role'
Blacksburg, Virginia - Nov 21, 2011 20:49 EST

Engineers at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (VirginiaTech) have developed a robot that mimics the graceful motions of jellyfish so precisely that it has been named Robojelly. Developed for the Office of Naval Research in 2009, this vehicle was...
 
Small 'Jumbo' Squid Mystery In Mexican Waters Unraveled By Biologist, College Students; 'The Squid Were Pretty Screwed Up'
Palo Alto, California - Nov 18, 2011 19:38 EST

While shorter days and colder weather move many of us to hunker under the covers, researchers who spent their summers in fieldwork are more likely to be hunched over microscopes and curled over keyboards, scrutinizing samples and crunching data from...
 
Decline In Dead Zones: Efforts To Heal Chesapeake Bay Are Working; Fertilizers, Animal Waste, Pollution Reduced
Baltimore, Maryland - Nov 18, 2011 19:19 EST

Efforts to reduce the flow of fertilizers, animal waste and other pollutants into the Chesapeake Bay appear to be giving a boost to the bay's health, a new study that analyzed 60 years of water quality data has concluded. The...
 
Florida Moves To Protect Tiger, Hammerhead Sharks In State Waters; 'Problems We Avoid' With Conservation
Tallahassee, Florida - Nov 16, 2011 19:59 EST

The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) moved Nov. 16 to prohibit the harvest of tiger sharks and three species of hammerheads from state waters in an effort to further protect these top predators that rely on Florida waters...
 
Costa Rica: Tuna Farm Aquaculture Project Near Turtle Beaches Stopped
San Jose, Costa Rica - Nov 11, 2011 17:44 EST

On Monday November 7, 2011 Costa Rica's Environmental Secretariat (SETENA), via official document 2723-2011, stated it would no longer consider Granjas Atuneras de Golfito SA's petition to construct a yellow fin tuna aquaculture project, or tuna farm, at the...
 
Florida's Vandenberg Artificial Reef Wins Conservation Award; 'Attracts Tourists From Around The World'
Key West, Florida - Nov 11, 2011 17:35 EST

The Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, an artificial reef located in the Florida Keys, was lauded with a Society of American Travel Writers' Phoenix Award. The honor was announced at the organization's annual convention being staged now in New Zealand. Created in...
 
Violent Passions -- Jealous Cleaner Shrimp Murder Their Rivals Until A Pair Remains
Tübingen, Germany - Nov 10, 2011 20:56 EST

The hermaphroditic cleaner shrimp Lysmata amboinensis usually live in monogamous pairs, but dark passions underlie their social structure. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal Frontiers in Zoology shows that cleaner shrimp, in any group larger than two,...
 
Research: 'Fishy Lawnmowers' Help Save Pacific Corals; Parrotfish And Surgeonfish Key To New Reef Growth
Santa Barbara, California - Nov 10, 2011 20:08 EST

Can fish save coral reefs from dying? UC Santa Barbara researchers have found one case where fish have helped coral reefs to recover from cyclones and predators. Coral reefs worldwide are increasingly disturbed by environmental events that are causing their decline,...
 
For Deep-Sea Cephalopods, 'Switchable' Camouflage Saves The Day; 'Seeing Others Without Being Seen Yourself'
Cambridge, Massachusetts - Nov 10, 2011 19:06 EST

For animals living in the deep sea, it seems that there is no such thing as all-occasion camouflage. Under diffuse light conditions, it's generally best to be transparent. But in the deeper ocean, where predators are equipped with special organs...
 

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