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Scientist Uses Tracer To Predict Ancient Ocean Circulation, Offers Clues To Future Changes During Warming Oceans
Columbia, Missouri - Oct 20, 2008 19:18 EST

Even though the Cretaceous Period ended more than 65 million years ago, clues remain about how the ocean water circulated at that time. Measuring a chemical tracer in samples of ancient fish scales, bones and teeth, University of Missouri and...
 
'Electronic Dive Buddy' Set To Make Scuba Diving A Much Safer Sport; Automatically Adjusts Buoyancy
Aukland, New Zealand - Oct 20, 2008 01:26 EST

An Electronic Dive Buddy built by University of Auckland engineering students could make scuba diving a much safer sport. Anatoly Kudryashov and Jenny Xu from the Department of Mechanical Engineering’s Mechatronics Engineering specialisation have designed a computerised system to automatically adjust...
 
Scientific Hunch Poised To Save Thousands From Toxic Ciguatera Poisoning
Queensland, Australia - Oct 20, 2008 01:14 EST

A neuroscientist at UQ's Queensland Brain Institute has found a way to combat a debilitating illness that affects an estimated 50,000 people a year in tropical regions. Ciguatera poisoning – which often results in acute nausea, vomiting and painful gastrointestinal...
 
Scientists Call For Protected 'swimways' For The Endangered Leatherback Sea Turtle
Washington, D.C. - Oct 17, 2008 17:35 EST

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) World Conservation Congress this week adopted a resolution urging nations to protect the leatherback sea turtle and sharks from the world's industrial fisheries by identifying and creating marine protected areas along...
 
Research: Pairing Up Is Better Than Being Single In The Sea; 'you End Up Providing A Better Service To Your Client'
Queensland, Australia - Oct 16, 2008 16:47 EST

UQ research has confirmed teamwork is key to any good relationship, even those between parasite-eating fish. Dr Alexandra (Lexa) Grutter, from UQ's School of Integrative Biology, along with colleagues from Stockholm University and The University of Neuchatel, Switzerland, found cleaner...
 
Study: Genes Hold Secret Of A 'Whole Range Of Biological Functions' In Survival Of Antarctic 'antifreeze Fish'
Urbana-Champaign, Illinois - Oct 16, 2008 16:12 EST

A genetic study of a fish that lives in the icy waters off Antarctica sheds light on the adaptations that enable it to survive in one of the harshest environments on the planet. The study, in the Proceedings of the National...
 
Florida Hunters Battle 13-foot 'Monster' Alligator For Three Hours; 'I've Never Seen Anything Like It'
Melbourne, Florida - Oct 16, 2008 15:59 EST

A team of men battled a nearly 13-foot, 640-pound "monster dinosaur" alligator for three hours before killing it. Les Woodring, 44, has been hunting alligators for about 10 years but said he had never encountered anything rivaling the one he and...
 
New Study Reveals The Evolutionary History Of Threatened Sea Turtles
New York, New York - Oct 15, 2008 21:10 EST

It's confirmed: Even though flatback turtles dine on fish, shrimp, and mollusks, they are closely related to primarily herbivorous green sea turtles. New genetic research carried out by Eugenia Naro-Maciel, a Marine Biodiversity Scientist at the Center for Biodiversity and...
 
'Fishapod' Reveals Origins Of Head And Neck Structures Of First Land Animals
Chicago, Illinois - Oct 15, 2008 20:54 EST

Newly exposed parts of Tiktaalik roseae--the intermediate fossil between fish and the first animals to walk out of water onto land 375 million years ago--are revealing how this major evolutionary event happened. A new study, published this week in Nature,...
 
Aquarius Mission First To Study Ocean Acidification From The Surface To The Seafloor On Florida Coral Reef
Miami, Florida - Oct 14, 2008 22:42 EST

Scientists equipped with new technology will conduct the first “saturation” mission to study the effect of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems. Ocean acidification describes the changing chemistry of water that occurs as excess carbon dioxide (CO2) is absorbed from...
 
Study: High Mortality Of Endangered Loggerhead Sea Turtles In Baja California; 'So Many Dead Turtles'
Santa Cruz, California - Oct 14, 2008 22:17 EST

Along the southern coast of Baja California, Mexico, scientists have been counting the carcasses of endangered sea turtles for a decade as part of an effort to assess and eliminate threats to loggerhead sea turtle populations. Their findings, published this...
 
Professor's Research Suggests 'Smaller, More Nimble And Easier-to-use' Underwater Data Communication
Newark, New Jersey - Oct 14, 2008 22:00 EST

An NJIT professor, who has discovered new communication channels in underwater environments and invented a technique to communicate data through these channels, will be honored later this month by the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame. His work will eventually...
 
Scientist: Coastal Dead Zones May Benefit Some Species; Clam's Success 'Silver Lining On A Very Dark Cloud'
Providence, Rhode Island - Oct 14, 2008 21:54 EST

Coastal dead zones, an increasing concern to ecologists, the fishing industry and the public, may not be as devoid of life after all. A Brown scientist has found that dead zones do indeed support marine life, and that at least...
 
Trouble In The Pipeline For Grey Whales Off Russia's Coast; Sakhalin Island Lagoon At The Center Of Dispute
Sakhalin, Russia - Oct 12, 2008 16:45 EST

The fate of the world’s few remaining Western Grey Whales now rests on the outcome of appeals to Russian authorities and courts following the refusal of an oil consortium to consider alternatives to a proposal to lay an oil pipeline...
 
Scientists Confirm Second-Ever Case Of Virgin Birth By Shark; 'Could Become More Common'
Stony Brook, New York - Oct 10, 2008 18:22 EST

Scientists have confirmed the second-ever case of a “virgin birth” in a shark, indicating once again that female sharks can reproduce without mating and raising the possibility that many female sharks have this incredible capacity. This compelling new study will...
 
Saudi Prince Announces Three-Year Scientific Global Reef Expedition; 'We Are Able To Access Any Part Of The World'
Andover, Maryland - Oct 10, 2008 18:02 EST

HRH Prince General Khaled bin Sultan, founder and Chairman of the Living Oceans Foundation, the U.S.-headquartered environmental organization that bears his name, today announced the formal launch of the Foundation's "Global Reef Expedition: Science Without Borders(R)" at the World Conservation...
 
Study: Brainy Genes, Not Brawn, Key To Success On Mussel Beach; Baked And Bathed 'Day-in, Day-out'
Los Angeles, California - Oct 9, 2008 16:51 EST

It's hard being a mussel: you have to worry about hungry starfish and even hungrier humans, not to mention an environment that can change your body temperature 50 degrees Fahrenheit in just a few hours. "It's one of the most variable...
 
Report: Diversity Of Plant-eating Fishes May Be Key To Recovery Of Coral Reefs; 'These Consumers Are Very Important'
Atlanta, Georgia - Oct 8, 2008 22:41 EST

For endangered coral reefs, not all plant-eating fish are created equal. A report scheduled to be published this week in the early edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that maintaining the proper balance of herbivorous...
 
Scientists Eye Marine Mollusks For New Drugs, Biofuels In Tropical Seas; 'A Truly Unique Effort'
Portland, Oregon - Oct 7, 2008 20:40 EST

The National Institutes of Health has awarded $4 million to a group of Philippine and American scientists led by Oregon Health & Science University to aid in the discovery of new molecules and biofuels technology from marine mollusks for development...
 
U.N.: Fish Farming May Struggle To Keep Up With Global Demand; 'These Trends Need To Be Addressed'
Puerto Varas, Chile - Oct 6, 2008 23:08 EST

The aquaculture industry has reached an important crossroads, with new challenges emerging regarding the sector’s ability to meet future world demand for fish. Small-scale farmers in developing countries are facing difficulties in exporting their produce, and need help to become...
 
Professor Stresses Link Between U.S. Navy Sonar And Whale Strandings; 'killing More Whales Than We Know About'
Fairfax, Virginia - Oct 6, 2008 22:50 EST

Earlier this summer, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review a series of lower court rulings that restrict the Navy's use of sonar in submarine detection training exercises off the coast of Southern California. The court is due to hear...
 
Research: Models Of Eel Cells Suggest Electrifying Possibilities Of Optimizing Mother Nature
New Haven, Connecticut - Oct 6, 2008 14:26 EST

Engineers long have known that great ideas can be lifted from Mother Nature, but a new paper by researchers at Yale University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) takes it to a cellular level. Applying modern engineering...
 
Atlantic Wolffish: Fearsome Fish That Deserve Protection? 'Rapidly Headed Toward Extinction'
Boston, Massachusetts - Oct 2, 2008 22:08 EST

The Conservation Law Foundation (CLF) and others today filed a scientific petition with the federal government seeking endangered species protection for the Atlantic wolffish, a fish threatened with extinction due to years of overharvesting and habitat loss due to modern...
 
Research: Atlantic Tuna Return Thousands Of Miles To Birthplace To Spawn
College Station, Texas - Oct 2, 2008 21:47 EST

The Atlantic bluefin tuna is the largest and most sought-after of all tunas, weighing as much as 1,400 pounds and capable of fetching as much as $50,000 or more in Asian markets where its meat is a prized commodity, one...
 
NOAA Launches New 'Low Acoustic Signature' Fishery Survey Vessel
Washington, D.C. - Sep 29, 2008 15:51 EST

NOAA today launched the fourth of a series of new fisheries survey vessels designed to study fish quietly without altering their behavior. Moments before the ship was launched into the Escatawpa River, Bell M. Shimada was christened by her sponsor, Susan...
 
Research: Sounds Travel Farther Underwater As World's Oceans Become More Acidic
Monterey, California - Sep 29, 2008 15:31 EST

It is common knowledge that the world's oceans and atmosphere are warming as humans release more and more carbon dioxide into the Earth's atmosphere. However, fewer people realize that the chemistry of the oceans is also changing—seawater is becoming more...
 
UAE Environmental Ministry Issues Decree To Regulate Hunting Of Sharks
United Arab Emerates - Sep 28, 2008 18:28 EST

Minister of Environment and Water, Dr. Rashid Ahmed bin Fahd, has issued a ministerial decree on bye-laws of Federal Law no. 23 of 1999 dealing with the use, protection and development of water resources in the UAE. According to the decree,...
 
First As Malaysian Eco Resort Stops Serving Shark's Fin Soup; Finning 'Despicable And Shameful Practice'
Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia - Sep 27, 2008 16:32 EST

At least one resort here has started the ball rolling to prevent sharks being cruelly mutilated for their prized fins at sea. In doing so, it has become the first tourism establishment in the State - and perhaps the nation...
 
Researchers Ponder Tsunami Invisibility Cloak; Off-shore Platforms, Coastlines, Islands Could Benefit
Paris, France - Sep 27, 2008 15:15 EST

Rather than building stronger ocean-based structures to withstand tsunamis, it might be easier to simply make the structures disappear. A collaboration of physicists from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and Aix-Marseille Universite in France and the University...
 
Researchers Study Acoustic Communication In Deep-sea Fish; Cusk-eels Eyed As Chief Sound Producers
Richmond, Virginia - Sep 26, 2008 17:10 EST

An international research team studying sound production in deep-sea fishes has found that cusk-eels use several sets of muscles to produce sound that plays a prominent role in male mating calls. These findings, published online today in the Royal Society journal,...
 
How Fresh Is Your Fish? Scientists Develop Rapid And Accurate Test
Reykjavik, Iceland - Sep 25, 2008 19:33 EST

Rapid and accurate detection of the bacteria that make fish go off is now possible, according to scientists in Iceland. Eyjólfur Reynisson from Matís-Icelandic Food Research, Reykjavik, and colleagues, have developed a method that uses the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to...
 
Ocean Conservation Groups To Offer Sustainable Sushi Guide; 'You'll Avoid Red-listed Sushi'
Monterey, California - Sep 25, 2008 17:53 EST

Sushi lovers nationwide will soon have a way to make seafood choices that please the palate and safeguard the world's ocean wildlife. On October 22, three leading ocean conservation organizations - Blue Ocean Institute, Environmental Defense Fund and the Monterey Bay...
 
World's Largest Tsunami Debris Discovered On Tonga; Coral Boulders Likely Flung Ashore By Krakatau Eruption
Boulder, Colorado - Sep 25, 2008 17:34 EST

A line of massive boulders on the western shore of Tonga may be evidence of the most powerful volcano-triggered tsunami found to date. Up to 9 meters (30 feet) high and weighing up to 1.6 million kilograms (3.5 million pounds),...
 
Studies: Climate Change To Impact Florida Coast; Sea Level Rise, Hurricane Storm Surge, Property Damage To Increase
Fort Lauderdale, Florida - Sep 25, 2008 07:53 EST

Leading Florida-based scientific researchers released two new studies today, including a Florida State University report finding that climate change will cause significant impacts on Florida’s coastlines and economy due to increased sea level rise. A second study by researchers at...
 
Votes Needed To Help Protect Sharks Off Cocos Island; 'This Is An Extraordinary Opportunity'
Mallibu, California - Sep 24, 2008 16:36 EST

The non-profit Imaging Foundation (www.imagingfoundation.org) is poised to establish a precedent-setting, global conservation initiative aimed at protecting the marine mega fauna of Cocos Island National Park, a United Nations World Heritage Site 300 miles off the coast of Costa Rica,...
 
Researchers: Main Source Of Food For North Atlantic Fish Able To Survive Climate Change
Belfast, Northern Ireland - Sep 24, 2008 16:06 EST

Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have found that the main source of food for many fish - including cod - in the North Atlantic appears to adapt in order to survive climate change. Billions of Calanus finmarchicus, a plankton species, which...
 
Modest CO2 Cutbacks May Be Too Little, Too Late For Coral Reefs; 'We Are Doing Something Very Profound'
Stanford, California - Sep 22, 2008 17:41 EST

How much carbon dioxide is too much? According to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) greenhouse gases in the atmosphere need to be stabilized at levels low enough to "prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system." But...
 
Scientists: Ocean Floor Geysers Warm Flowing Sea Water; 'Like Finding Old Faithful In Illinois'
Chicago, Illinois - Sep 22, 2008 17:38 EST

An international team of earth scientists report movement of warmed sea water through the flat, Pacific Ocean floor off Costa Rica. The movement is greater than that off midocean volcanic ridges. The finding suggests possible marine life in a part...
 
Scotland Gets Its First 'No-Take Zone'; Waters Around Island Of Arran Return To 'Sounds Of Silence'
edinburgh, Scotland - Sep 22, 2008 09:15 EST

A new dawn has broken over the troubled waters around the Island of Arran on Saturday; it brought new hope to the islands community for a better future of their marine heritage and environment. The Scottish Government has created Scotland’s first...
 
Marine Debris Will Likely Worsen In The 21st Century; 'The United States Must Take The Lead'
Washington, D.C. - Sep 19, 2008 18:46 EST

Current measures to prevent and reduce marine debris are inadequate, and the problem will likely worsen, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Research Council. The United States and the international maritime community should adopt a goal...
 


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