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Europe Newswire

170-Yr-Old Shipwrecked Beer Reveals No Live Yeast Cells, Seawater Contamination, 'Beautiful Pale Golden Color'
Otaniemi, Finland - Jun 27, 2011 18:20 EST

The VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has examined one of five bottles of beer salvaged last summer by divers from the wreck of a ship that sank an estimated 170 years ago in the Åland Islands. The examination yielded...
 
Scientists: Plankton Species Makes First Known Migration From Pacific To Atlantic Via Pole; 'Brightly Flashing Warning Signals'
OOSTENDE, Belgium - Jun 26, 2011 17:38 EST

Some 800,000 years ago – about the time early human tribes were learning to make fire – a tiny species of plankton called Neodenticula seminae went extinct in the North Atlantic. Today, that microscopic plant has become an Atlantic resident again,...
 
Dixon Rings: 1940's Technology Could Help Today's Submariners Breathe Easier
London, England - Jun 22, 2011 18:24 EST

A UK engineering firm is helping to develop a way of keeping the air clean and safe in deep sea submarines. Croft Engineering Services is working with two of the country's leading universities to help create a chemical-free system of removing...
 
Shipwreck Salvage Company Confirms Ming Dynasty Porcelain Find Off Indonesia Coast Worth Millions
Madeira, Portugal - Jun 17, 2011 19:37 EST

Arqueonautas Worldwide, in direct cooperation with RM Discovery Inc. (RMD), confirms after successful completion of a marine archaeological reconnaissance operation, the recovery of the biggest ever found shipwreck cargo of Ming porcelain. The Chinese merchant ship from the time of...
 
Study: The Punishment Must Fit The Crime--Even For Hermaphroditic, Mucus-Eating Fish
London, England - Jun 15, 2011 19:54 EST

Telling your partner to watch her weight is not recommended-unless you're a male cleaner fish, reports a new study in Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Cleaner fish feed in male-female pairs by removing parasites from larger 'client' fish. While providing...
 
Deep Sea Mystery Solved: Copepods Share 'Diver's Weight Belt' Buoyancy Technique With Whales
Cambridge, U.K. - Jun 13, 2011 17:48 EST

A deep-sea mystery has been solved with the discovery that the tiny 3 mm long marine animals, eaten by herring, cod and mackerel, use the same buoyancy control as whales. Reporting this week in the journal Limnology and Oceanography, researchers from...
 
Researchers: Dolphins Use Double Sonar; 'We Humans Have A Lot To Learn From Dolphins'
Lund, Sweden - Jun 7, 2011 19:04 EST

Dolphins and porpoises use echolocation for hunting and orientation. By sending out high-frequency sound, known as ultrasound, dolphins can use the echoes to determine what type of object the sound beam has hit. Researchers from Sweden and the US have...
 
Record Smoothhound Sharks Caught Off Scottish Coast; 'Beyond My Wildest Dreams'
Renfrewshire, Scotland - Jun 6, 2011 18:09 EST

Two of the largest smoothhound ever seen in Scottish waters were recently tagged and released by members of the Scottish Shark Tagging Programme (SSTP) fishing off the coast of South-west Scotland. The anglers were fishing on-board a locally based charter...
 
No Joke: Ocean Acidification Leaves Clownfish Deaf To Predators; 'No Response' In 2050 And 2100 C02 Conditions
Bristol, UK - Jun 1, 2011 18:37 EST

Baby clownfish use hearing to detect and avoid predator-rich coral reefs during the daytime, but new research from the University of Bristol demonstrates that ocean acidification could threaten this crucial behavior within the next few decades. Since the Industrial Revolution, over...
 
Study: Mediterranean Sea Invaded By Alien Species; 'The World's Most Invaded Sea'
Gothenburg, Sweden - May 23, 2011 18:56 EST

More than 900 new alien species have been encountered in the coastal environments of the eastern Mediterranean Sea in recent decades, including the poisonous pufferfish. The invasion of alien species has had the consequence that the whole food chain is...
 
Scientists Discover Animal-Like Urea Cycle In Tiny Diatoms In The Ocean; 'Essentially Changes The Way We View Diatoms'
Paris, France - May 11, 2011 20:50 EST

Scientists have discovered that marine diatoms, tiny phytoplankton abundant in the sea, have an animal-like urea cycle, and that this cycle enables the diatoms to efficiently use carbon and nitrogen from their environment. The researchers, from the J. Craig Venter Institute...
 
Growing Seal 'Hooligan' Population Threatens Small-Scale Fishing; 'It Is Only Certain Seals Who Are Responsible For The Damage'
Gothenburg, Sweden - May 10, 2011 23:27 EST

Seals and the fishing industry compete for fish of all types – no matter whether it is salmon, whitefish, herring or cod. Seal-safe fishing gear is the most sustainable solution, and we need knowledge about the behavior of fish and...
 
CO2 Makes Life Difficult For Algae: Coccoliths Dissolve When Seawater Acidifies
fCopenhagen, Denmark - May 10, 2011 23:16 EST

The acidification of the world's oceans could have major consequences for the marine environment. New research shows that coccoliths, which are an important part of the marine environment, dissolve when seawater acidifies. Associate Professor Tue Hassenkam and colleagues at the...
 
Eat Your Anchovies: Fish Livers Contain Beneficial Fatty Acids
Almeria, Spain - Apr 28, 2011 15:27 EST

The fishing industry usually discards fish livers, but a team of researchers from the University of Almeria (Spain) has confirmed that they are a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are beneficial to health. Anchovies are one of the...
 
Through Unique Eyes, Box Jellyfish Look Out To The World Above The Water
Copenhagen, Denmark - Apr 28, 2011 14:49 EST

Box jellyfish may seem like rather simple creatures, but in fact their visual system is anything but. They've got no fewer than 24 eyes of four different kinds. Now, researchers reporting online on April 28 in Current Biology, a Cell...
 
Putting A Price On Sea Fish: Study Says Commercial Fishing Rights Lead To More Sustainable Fishing Methods
Gothenburg, Sweden - Apr 19, 2011 18:56 EST

Håkan Eggert's studies from Iceland and the Gullmar fjord on the Swedish west coast, reveal that when commercial fishermen are given fishing rights they voluntarily choose more sustainable fishing methods and earn far more. His research at the University of...
 
Researchers: Pumping Oxygenated Water Down To A Depth Of 120 Meters Can Save The Baltic Sea
Gothenburg, Sweden - Apr 18, 2011 19:43 EST

Scientists have shown that oxygenation can bring dead sea bottoms to life. This creates the necessary conditions for the establishment of new ecosystems that enable nature itself to deal with eutrophication. By conducting pilot studies in two fjords in Sweden,...
 
Rowing Expedition To Use First Miniature Sensors To Measure The Temperature Of The World's Oceans
Swanton Morley, UK - Apr 15, 2011 16:45 EST

The first miniature sensors designed to measure saltiness and temperature across the world's oceans will be put in use later this week on an ambitious expedition. A four-man team of officers from Swanton Morley, UK, will set off to row 3,100...
 
The Day After Tomorrow: Icy Meltwater Pooling In Arctic Ocean Becomes A Wild Card In Climate Change Scenarios
OOSTENDE, Belgium - Apr 5, 2011 17:27 EST

A massive, growing pool of icy meltwater in the Arctic Ocean is a wild card in future climate scenarios, European researchers said today. Estimated in 2009 at more than 7,500 cubic km – twice the volume of Africa's Lake Victoria...
 
Scientists: Arctic Ocean Has Become Less Salty, More Unstable
Bremerhaven, Germany - Mar 29, 2011 16:32 EST

The freshwater content of the upper Arctic Ocean has increased by about 20 percent since the 1990s. This corresponds to a rise of approximately 8,400 cubic kilometers and has the same magnitude as the volume of freshwater annually exported on...
 
Lab Records Sounds Of March 11 Japan Earthquake And Aftershocks From Underwater Observatories
Barcelona, Spain - Mar 23, 2011 11:04 EST

The Laboratory of Applied Bioacoustics (LAB), a unit of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), directed by Professor Michel André, has recorded the sound of the earthquake that shook Japan on Friday, March 11. The recording, now available online, was...
 
Study: Shallow-Water Shrimp Tolerates Deep-Sea Conditions; 'Probably Inherited From An Ancestral Species'
Southampton, U.K. - Mar 10, 2011 13:57 EST

By studying the tolerance of marine invertebrates to a wide range of temperature and pressure, scientists are beginning to understand how shallow-water species could have colonized the ocean depths. Scientists believe that climate changes at various at various times during Earth's...
 
Scottish Government Sanctions Cull Of Over 1,000 Seals; 'Three Seals Shot Every Single Day Is Too High A Price'
Edinburgh, Scotland - Feb 25, 2011 18:09 EST

The Scottish Government has published details on it's website of the number of seals that can be killed this year under the new seal licensing scheme introduced under the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010. Under the new scheme, 65 licenses have...
 
Semporna May Have Richest Marine Biodiversity In The World; Fish Species Counts Rival The Philippines, Greater Than Indonesia
Amsterdam, The Netherlands - Feb 23, 2011 18:12 EST

The preliminary results of the Semporna Marine Ecological Expedition (December 2010) indicate that Semporna may have the world's highest marine biodiversity. The expedition yielded a record number of 43 species of mushroom corals. Furthermore, some new species were discovered, among...
 
Archaeologists: Irish Medieval Fishing Site Will Be 'Lost To The Tide'
Dublin, Ireland - Feb 18, 2011 22:47 EST

One of Europe's best preserved medieval fishing structures located on the Fergus Estuary in County Clare, Ireland, will be washed away by tidal flows before archaeologists can reveal its secrets. A team of University College Dublin archaeologists who have been visiting...
 
More Deep-Sea Vents Discovered In The Southern Ocean; 'The Excitement Was Almost Overwhelming'
Southampton, U.K. - Feb 14, 2011 20:28 EST

Scientists aboard the Royal Research Ship James Cook have discovered a new set of deep-sea volcanic vents in the chilly waters of the Southern Ocean. The discovery is the fourth made by the research team in three years, which suggests...
 
Researchers Find Piece In Eel Puzzle; 'Their Migration To The Coast Is Very Risky For Them'
Charlottenlund, Denmark - Feb 9, 2011 18:09 EST

Researchers in Denmark and Norway are on a quest to uncover the truth behind the dwindling number of eel stocks. The study is funded in part by the EELIAD ('European eels in the Atlantic: assessment of their decline') project, which...
 
Rowdy Residents Warn Crustaceans Away From Perilous Reefs; 'Clicks, Pops, Chirps And Scrapes'
Bristol, UK - Feb 8, 2011 23:04 EST

Coral reefs present a treacherous wall of mouths to flea-sized planktonic crustaceans, but the clamor generated by animals on the reef may act like a foghorn to warn them away from danger. In the first study to examine the response to...
 
Scientists Warn Of Damage To Deep Seabed; 'It Is A Very Serious Problem'
Southampton, United Kingdom - Feb 8, 2011 21:58 EST

More regulation is needed before the ocean floor suffers even more widespread damage, the scientists say. Better data on human activities – where they're taking place and how much harm they are causing – is also vital to let us...
 
Researchers Publish Ocean Fertilization Summary For Policymakers; 'Modest' Impact?
Stockholm, Sweden - Jan 31, 2011 17:42 EST

Failure to tackle rising greenhouse gas emissions effectively has led to intensifying debate on geoengineering - deliberate large-scale schemes to slow the rate at which Earth is heating up. The public debate often mixes opinion with fact so scientists have...
 
Researchers: Monk Seal And Hump-Backed Dolphin Are Threatened By Fishing Activities Off Coast Of Mauritania
Madrid, Spain - Jan 21, 2011 19:03 EST

Catalan researchers have studied the marine trophic network in Mauritania, on the northwest coast of Africa, which is an extremely heavily exploited fishing area, as well as being home to two of the world's most threatened species of marine mammal...
 
New Species Of Crustacean Discovered In The El Cachucho Marine Protected Area
Madrid, Spain - Jan 20, 2011 14:24 EST

Researchers at the Spanish Intitute of Oceanography (IEO) have described a new species to science, the third species described to date in the El Cachucho Marine Protected Area. After scientific community acceptance of the isopod Haplomesus longiramus and the amphipod...
 
Research: Dramatic Ocean Circulation Changes Caused The Climate To Warm And Cool For Centuries At A Time
Cardiff, Wales - Jan 14, 2011 17:02 EST

The unusually cold weather this winter has been caused by a change in the winds. Instead of the typical westerly winds warmed by Atlantic surface ocean currents, cold northerly Arctic winds are influencing much of Europe. However, scientists have long...
 
Ammonites' Last Meal: New Light On Past Marine Food Chains; 'The Bigger Mouth Facilitates Feeding On Smaller Prey'
Grenoble, France - Jan 6, 2011 15:54 EST

Scientists have discovered direct evidence of the diet of one of the most important group of ammonites, distant relatives of squids, octopuses and cuttlefishes. The discovery may bring a new insight on why they became extinct 65.5 million years ago,...
 
Catfish Study Reveals Importance Of Being 'Similar But Different'
Bangor, Wales - Jan 5, 2011 16:36 EST

Peer into any stream in a South American rainforest and you may well see a small shoal of similar-looking miniature catfish. But don't be fooled into thinking that they are all the same species. An extensive investigation of South American Corydoras...
 
Research: Jellyfish Counterattack In Winter; 'They Can Reproduce Rapidly If The Conditions Are Right'
Madrid, Spain - Dec 14, 2010 17:37 EST

A study carried out over 50 years by an international team, with the participation of the Balearic Oceanography Centre of the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) has confirmed an increase in the size and intensity of proliferations of the jellyfish...
 
Aussie University Completes World's First Climate Change Reef Experiment Facility
Brisbane, Australia - Dec 7, 2010 17:16 EST

In a world first, a new 'state of the art' climate change experimental facility has been completed at the University of Queensland's Heron Island Research Station. The Climate Change Mesocosm (CCM) project led by Associate Professor Sophie Dove and Dr....
 
Scientists Measure Air-Sea Exchange Of Carbon Dioxide In The Open Ocean; 'Bubbles In Whitecaps Play A Significant Role'
Southampton, Hampshire - Dec 6, 2010 21:00 EST

A team led by scientists at the United Kingdom's National Oceanography Centre have measured the air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide in the open ocean at higher wind speed then anyone else has ever managed. Their findings are important for understanding...
 
Unprecedented Shark Conservation Action Taken By Atlantic Tuna Commission; 'Particularly Pleased'
Paris, France - Nov 27, 2010 18:32 EST

Shark Advocates International is welcoming progress toward conserving sharks made at this week's annual meeting of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). After considering a record number (six) of proposals for shark measures, the...
 
Pew: Governments Incapable Of Managing Tuna; Fisheries Management 'Flawed And Inadequate'
Paris, France - Nov 27, 2010 18:20 EST

Dr. Susan Lieberman, director of international policy for the Pew Environment Group, issued this statement today in response to decisions made at this year's meeting of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas. "ICCAT member governments today adopted...
 
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