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Send In The Lawyers: Experts Create First Legal Roadmap To Tackle Local Ocean Acidification Hotspots
Palo Alto, California - May 26, 2011 19:37 EST

Coastal communities hard hit by ocean acidification hotspots have more options than they may realize, says an interdisciplinary team of science and legal experts. In a paper published in the journal Science, experts from Stanford University's Center for Ocean Solutions...
 
Researchers Globally Quantify Seagrass Extinction Risk; 3 of 72 Species 'Endangered'
Gloucester Point, Virginia - May 26, 2011 14:27 EST

A team of 21 researchers from 11 nations, including professor Robert "JJ" Orth of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science, has completed the first-ever study of the risk of extinction for individual seagrass species around the world. The 4-year study, requested...
 
Scientist: Gulf Dolphins Impacted By BP Oil Spill; Dispersants, Oil, Cold 'A Perfect Storm'
Orlando, Florida - May 26, 2011 14:10 EST

The BP oil spill and the dispersants used to clean it up may be contributing to the unusually high number of dolphins dying in the Gulf of Mexico, according to a University of Central Florida scientist. Since BP's Deepwater Horizon dumped...
 
In An Alligator-Eat-Alligator World, Cannibalism Can Mean Population Control
Gainsville, Florida - May 26, 2011 10:31 EST

It's an alligator-eat-alligator world out in the waters of Orange Lake in Alachua County, Florida. Cannibalism among American alligators is responsible for a 6–7% reduction in the number of juvenile gators here each year, according to a new study. This...
 
No Shrimp: Cambrian Super-Predators Grew Large In Arms Race; 'Fierce Horrible Predators'
New York, New York - May 25, 2011 18:35 EST

The Cambrian Period's most ferocious predator clung to life for 30 million years longer than was previously thought. Fossils from Morocco show that sea creatures known as anomalocaridids survived long after they had been understood to have gone extinct, and...
 
Feeding On Tunny, Scientists Discover The Largest Assembly Of Whale Sharks Ever Recorded
Washington, D.C. - May 25, 2011 17:13 EST

Whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) are often thought to be solitary behemoths that live and feed in the open ocean. Scientists at the Smithsonian Institution and colleagues, however, have found that this is not necessarily the case, finding that whale sharks...
 
NOAA Fisheries Encourages Fishermen To Release Shortfin Mako Sharks Alive, Be 'Leaders In Conservation'
Silverspring, Maryland - May 25, 2011 16:48 EST

NOAA's Fisheries Service today launched a voluntary program to encourage commercial and recreational fishermen to safely release Atlantic shortfin mako sharks alive and report the releases to NOAA for posting on an online map. The new program is designed to encourage...
 
Prized Delicacy Abalone Could Be Doomed By Increasing Ocean Acidity; 'This Is Bad News'
Vancouver, British Columbia - May 25, 2011 16:35 EST

Increasing levels of ocean acidity could spell doom for British Columbia's already beleaguered northern abalone, according to the first study to provide direct experimental evidence that changing sea water chemistry is negatively affecting an endangered species. The northern abalone--prized as a...
 
Study Finds Common Fire Retardant Harmful To Aquatic Life; PBDEs linked To 'Disruption Of Thyroid Hormones'
Waco, Texas - May 24, 2011 18:21 EST

A new study by Baylor University environmental health researchers found that zebra fish exposed to several different technical mixtures of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) - a common fire retardant - during early development can cause developmental malformations, changes in behavior...
 
Study: Marine Mammals Infected With Two Parasites Normally Found In Land Animals
Bethesda, Maryland - May 24, 2011 18:16 EST

A study of tissue samples from 161 marine mammals that died between 2004 and 2009 in the Pacific Northwest reveals an association between severe illness and co-infection with two kinds of parasites normally found in land animals. One, Sarcocystis neurona,...
 
Scientists: Unusual Earthquake Gave Japan Tsunami Extra Punch; 'It Displaced The Seafloor Dramatically'
Palo Alto, California - May 24, 2011 17:10 EST

The magnitude 9 earthquake and resulting tsunami that struck Japan on March 11 were like a one-two punch – first violently shaking, then swamping the islands – causing tens of thousands of deaths and hundreds of billions of dollars in...
 
Researchers: 2 Greenland Glaciers Lose Enough Ice To Fill Lake Erie; 'A Kind Of High-Definition Picture Of Ice Loss'
Columbus, Ohio - May 24, 2011 16:35 EST

A new study aimed at refining the way scientists measure ice loss in Greenland is providing a "high-definition picture" of climate-caused changes on the island. And the picture isn't pretty. In the last decade, two of the largest three glaciers draining that...
 
Titanic-Eating Bacterium, Pancake Batfish, Underwater Mushroom Make List As Scientists Name Top 10 New Species
Tempe, Arizona - May 23, 2011 19:06 EST

The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and a committee of taxonomists from around the world – scientists responsible for species exploration and classification – announced their picks for the top 10 new species described in 2010....
 
Study: Mediterranean Sea Invaded By Alien Species; 'The World's Most Invaded Sea'
Gothenburg, Sweden - May 23, 2011 18:56 EST

More than 900 new alien species have been encountered in the coastal environments of the eastern Mediterranean Sea in recent decades, including the poisonous pufferfish. The invasion of alien species has had the consequence that the whole food chain is...
 
New Reefs Found In The Great Barrier Reef 'Twilight' Zone
Townsville, Queensland - May 19, 2011 20:28 EST

An international research team led by researchers from James Cook University using a high-tech underwater robot have discovered diverse coral reef communities living in the unexplored deep waters along the Great Barrier Reef shelf-edge. Tom Bridge, a PhD Candidate in JCU's...
 
After Japan Nuclear Power Plant Disaster: How Much Radioactivity In The Oceans?
Washington, D.C. - May 19, 2011 18:56 EST

Among the casualties of the March 11, 2011, earthquake and resulting tsunami in Japan was the country's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. A result of the loss of electricity, overheating at the power plant led to significant releases of iodine, cesium...
 
From Costa Rica To Nicaragua: Under The Cover Of Darkness, Foreign Fleet Now Lands Shark Fins In Nicaragua
San Jose, Costa Rica - May 19, 2011 18:35 EST

No longer able to land hundreds of tons of shark fins per year at private docks in Costa Rica, the foreign fleet is now landing its consignment of fins in Nicaragua. Concerned over the situation, Nicaraguan environmental organizations have...
 
Bonefish Spawning Locale Discovered -- They Do It Offshore, In The Dark, At High Tide
Amherst, Massachusetts - May 19, 2011 18:27 EST

Though bonefish are one of the most sought-after tropical sport fish in the world, drawing thousands of anglers to Caribbean waters every season, until recently the only information scientists had about their spawning habits were anecdotes and fish tales. Now,...
 
Angler Teddy Carr Records Top-10 Finish In Weekend Bassmaster Tourney; 'I Caught 25 Fish In A Single Hour'
Marbury, Maryland - May 17, 2011 18:21 EST

GEICO pro angler Teddy Carr executed a perfect gameplan at Saturday's Bassmaster Weekend Series stop on the Potomac River, working the spawning fish and the tidal waters along the tributary to perfection and earning a season-best, top-10 finish with a...
 
Kiwi Researcher: One-Way Barrier Used To Keep Out Koi, Save Lakes; 'It's A Real Simple System Really'
Hamilton, New Zealand - May 16, 2011 20:57 EST

A new barrier designed by a University of Waikato researcher may prove that removing pest fish from lakes and waterways can improve water quality, without forcing farmers to minimize profits. Waikato University researcher Dr Adam Daniel says it's well known pest...
 
Study: Sewage-Derived Nitrogen Increasingly Polluting Caribbean Ecosystems
Washington, D.C. - May 16, 2011 20:03 EST

Nitrogen pollution in our coastal ecosystems, the result of widespread use of synthetic agricultural fertilizers and of human sewage, leads to decreased water transparency, the loss of desirable fish species, and the emergence of toxic phytoplankton species—such as the algae...
 
Researchers: How Can A Colorblind Animal Change Its Colors To Blend Into The Background?
West Point, New York - May 16, 2011 19:33 EST

How could a colorblind animal know how to change its skin color to blend into its surroundings? And what will the animal's predator "see," looking at its prey before and after it hides? These provocative questions are addressed in article published...
 
Successful Expedition Places Humans At Lower Limits Of Mesophotic Zone; 'A Very Exciting Time For Benthic Marine Scientists'
Providence, Rhode Island - May 16, 2011 18:34 EST

Ocean Opportunity, a Rhode Island based not for profit organization, is pleased to announce the safe and successful return of an expedition to explore and document the natural history of the mesophotic, or 'middle light', zone from 200 to 500...
 
Researchers Searching For War Of 1812 Shipwrecks In Lake Ontario
Indiana, Pennsylvania - May 16, 2011 11:00 EST

The Titanic may be disintegrating, but if two Indiana University of Pennsylvania professors have their way, shipwrecks from the War of 1812 won't face the same fate. Dr. Katie Farnsworth, IUP Geoscience Department, and Dr. Ben Ford, Anthropology Department, are preparing...
 
Nine Potentially New Marine Species Discovered On Bali Reefs; 'Surprisingly High Levels Of Diversity'
Bali, Indonesia - May 14, 2011 17:53 EST

A two-week marine survey conducted by scientists with Conservation International (CI) in Indonesia, along with local partners, led to the discovery of eight potentially new species of fish and a potentially new species of coral in the waters surrounding Bali...
 
Sea Shepherd Ships To Patrol Libyan War Zone For Poachers; 'We Will Be Armed With The Regulations'
Friday Harbor, Washington State - May 13, 2011 20:24 EST

Effective next month, two Sea Shepherd Conservation Society ships will enter the waters off the coast of Libya, an area declared to be in a state of war as NATO-backed rebel forces struggle to topple the despotic dictator Muammar Gaddafi,...
 
Disaster As Australian Fur Seals Suffer Hair Loss, Threatening Health And Survival
Parkville, Victoria - May 12, 2011 21:29 EST

Journal of Mammalogy – Advertisers often tell us how life-changing hair loss can be, but it actually is a matter of life and death for the Australian fur seal. These seals depend on a thick coat of fur to maintain...
 
Explorers Find Historic SS Dix Shipwreck In Seattle's Elliott Bay; 'An Important Piece Of Local History'
Seattle, Washington - May 12, 2011 21:16 EST

Using a five passenger submarine and a remotely operated vehicle, a team of local explorers has discovered a historic Mosquito Fleet Steamer in Elliott Bay near Alki Point. The team believes the shipwreck may be the final resting place...
 
Biologists Interpret The Language Of Sperm Whales; Accents And Regional Dialects Highlight Findings
Halifax, Nova Scotia - May 12, 2011 20:39 EST

When they dive together, sperm whales make patterns of clicks to each other known as "codas". Recent findings suggest that, not only do different codas mean different things, but that whales can also tell which member of their community is...
 
Study: Darkness Stifles Reproduction Of Surface-Dwelling Fish
Raleigh, North Carolina - May 11, 2011 20:59 EST

There's a reason to be afraid of the dark. Fish accustomed to living near the light of the water's surface become proverbial "fish out of water" when they move to dark environments like those found in caves, according to a study...
 
Scientists Discover Animal-Like Urea Cycle In Tiny Diatoms In The Ocean; 'Essentially Changes The Way We View Diatoms'
Paris, France - May 11, 2011 20:50 EST

Scientists have discovered that marine diatoms, tiny phytoplankton abundant in the sea, have an animal-like urea cycle, and that this cycle enables the diatoms to efficiently use carbon and nitrogen from their environment. The researchers, from the J. Craig Venter Institute...
 
Angler Teddy Carr Has Tricks For Fishing In His Backyard; 'You're Trying To Find A Diamond In The Rough'
Marbury, Maryland - May 11, 2011 20:21 EST

GEICO bass angler Teddy Carr has been in tournaments like this weekend's Bassmaster Weekend Series stop on the Potomac River before, so he knows the difference between success and failure might come down to an ounce or two. "You're trying to...
 
Study: Antarctic Icebergs Help The Ocean Take Up Carbon Dioxide; 'Implications For Global Climate Models'
Moss Landing, California - May 11, 2011 19:56 EST

The first comprehensive study of the biological effects of Antarctic icebergs shows that they fertilize the Southern Ocean, enhancing the growth of algae that take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and then, through marine food chains, transfer carbon into...
 
Research: Bottlenose Dolphins, Beluga Whales Feeding In Urbanized Areas Accumulate More Chemical Pollutants
Charleston, South Carolina - May 11, 2011 17:04 EST

Bottlenose dolphins* and beluga whales**, two marine species at or near the top of their respective food webs, accumulate more chemical pollutants in their bodies when they live and feed in waters near urbanized areas, according to scientists working at...
 
An Enigmatic Problem In Marine Ecology Uncovered; 'Fish Larvae Can Go Almost Anywhere'
Halifax, Nova Scotia - May 11, 2011 16:29 EST

Reef fishes and many other marine species live all their adulthood in one place but early in their lives, when they're eggs and larvae, spend a short period of time drifting and swimming in the open ocean. It seems intuitive...
 
Growing Seal 'Hooligan' Population Threatens Small-Scale Fishing; 'It Is Only Certain Seals Who Are Responsible For The Damage'
Gothenburg, Sweden - May 10, 2011 23:27 EST

Seals and the fishing industry compete for fish of all types – no matter whether it is salmon, whitefish, herring or cod. Seal-safe fishing gear is the most sustainable solution, and we need knowledge about the behavior of fish and...
 
CO2 Makes Life Difficult For Algae: Coccoliths Dissolve When Seawater Acidifies
fCopenhagen, Denmark - May 10, 2011 23:16 EST

The acidification of the world's oceans could have major consequences for the marine environment. New research shows that coccoliths, which are an important part of the marine environment, dissolve when seawater acidifies. Associate Professor Tue Hassenkam and colleagues at the...
 
Research: 'Fool's Gold' From The Deep Is Fertilizer For Ocean Life; 'An Ongoing Iron Supplement For The Ocean'
Arlington, Virginia - May 9, 2011 18:33 EST

Similar to humans, the bacteria and tiny plants living in the ocean need iron for energy and growth. But their situation is quite different from ours--for one, they can't turn to natural iron sources like leafy greens or red meat...
 
Study Probes Sources Of Mississippi River Phosphorus; Don't Blame Cow And Over-Fertilization
Madison, Wisconsin - May 9, 2011 17:13 EST

In their eagerness to cut nitrogen and phosphorus pollution in the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico, people have often sought simple explanations for the problem: too many large animal operations, for instance, or farmers who apply too much fertilizer,...
 
Shark Men: 18-Footer Is Biggest Great White Shark Caught, Released; 'He Was Just A Bad-Ass'
Washington, D.C. - May 6, 2011 19:02 EST

The crew of National Geographic Channel's hit series Shark Men today announced that they have broken the previous record for capturing the largest great white shark ever caught and released alive. The crew landed a 17-foot, 9-inch-long male great...
 


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