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Americas Newswire

Torpedo Shot From USS Iowa In 1899 Surfaces; 'Several Museums Are Interested'
Washington, D.C. - Aug 20, 2013 19:16 EST

Naval History and Heritage Command's (NHHC) Underwater Archeology Branch (UAB) dove into the history of a recently-discovered late-19th century No. 24 Howell Torpedo, Aug. 9, and they scored a direct hit. "We started looking through SECNAV (Secretary of the Navy)...
 
Researchers: Dolphins Keep Lifelong Social Memories, Longest In A Non-Human Species; 'Consistent With Humans'
Chicago, Illinois - Aug 8, 2013 17:03 EST

Dolphins can recognize their old tank mates' whistles after being separated for more than 20 years — the longest social memory ever recorded for a non-human species. The remarkable memory feat is another indication that dolphins have a level of cognitive...
 
Explorer Trains In Exosuit, New Advanced Diving System That Can Reach 1000 Feet; 'Working In A New Frontier'
Providence, Rhode Island - Aug 7, 2013 19:51 EST

Ocean Opportunity, a Rhode Island based not for profit organization, is pleased to announce that its founder, Rhode Island native Michael Lombardi recently became among the first to train in the new deep diving system called the Exosuit. The Exosuit is...
 
U.S. Navy Ships Participate In Marine Mammal Studies Of Sonar Responses
Washington, D.C. - Aug 7, 2013 19:11 EST

Independent researchers working in coordination with the Navy ships USS Dewey (DDG 105) and USS Cape St. George (CG 71) conducted ground-breaking marine mammal behavioral response studies (BRSs) on the Navy's Southern California Offshore Range in July. The studies occurred July...
 
2013 Ocean Art Underwater Photo Competition Announced; Over $75,000 In Prizes Will Be Awarded
Santa Monica, California - Aug 6, 2013 20:26 EST

Underwater Photography Guide is proud to announce that it is accepting entries for the Ocean Art Photo Competition 2013. There are over $75,000 worth of prizes, including over 35 liveaboard and scuba diving resort packages, dive equipment, and much more. Grand...
 
Bite Back: Shark Scientists Urge Media To Use New Labels In Reporting Shark 'Attacks'
Phoenix, Arizona - Aug 5, 2013 18:07 EST

The American Elasmobranch Society (AES), the leading society of shark researchers in the U.S., is calling upon the Associated Press, Reuters and other media outlets to update their guidelines for editors and reporters to support more accurate stories on shark-human...
 
Odyssey Marine Recovers Record 1.8 Million Ounces Of Silver From Shipwreck Three Miles Deep
Tampa, Florida - Jul 22, 2013 22:24 EST

Odyssey Marine Exploration, pioneers in the field of deep-ocean exploration, has recovered over 61 tons of silver bullion this month from a depth of nearly three miles. This recovery of bullion from the SS Gairsoppa, a 412-foot steel-hulled British cargo ship...
 
Study: Manatees Are Touchy-Feely To The Extreme; 'We Needed To Put Their Senses To The Test'
Sarasota, Florida - Jul 18, 2013 16:25 EST

Manatees can feel water movements thousands of times smaller than the width of a human hair — an ability that makes them one of the most touch-sensitive mammals on Earth — according to a new study led by scientists at...
 
Study: Deepwater Horizon Debris As Likely Source Of Gulf Of Mexico Oil Sheens; 'Fundamental Science Finds A Real World Application'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Jul 16, 2013 21:28 EST

A chemical analysis of oil sheens found floating recently at the ocean's surface near the site of the Deepwater Horizon disaster indicates that the source is pockets of oil trapped within the wreckage of the sunken rig. Both the Macondo...
 
Scientists Model Long-Term Sea-Level Rise In Response To Warming Of Planet; 2.3 Meters Per Degree Celsius Rise
Corvallis, Oregon - Jul 15, 2013 23:32 EST

A new study estimates that global sea levels will rise about 2.3 meters, or more than seven feet, over the next several thousand years for every degree (Celsius) the planet warms. This international study is one of the first to combine...
 
Scientists Eye Whale Earwax To Study Contaminants In Oceans; 'It's Not Easy; It's Very Tedious'
Waco, Texas - Jun 28, 2013 20:02 EST

Whale earwax is not a topic that usually comes up on a walk to get coffee, but it did for Baylor U. researchers Dr. Stephen Trumble, assistant professor of biology, and Dr. Sascha Usenko, assistant professor of environmental science. They were...
 
Not Endangered: Feds Decline To Protect U.S. West Coast Great White Sharks; 'The Wrong Decision'
Washington, D.C. - Jun 28, 2013 19:26 EST

The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) today declined to protect great white sharks off the coast of California under the Endangered Species Act. Although peer-reviewed scientific population estimates at the two primary white shark aggregation sites indicate fewer than 350...
 
Scientists Discover Thriving Colonies Of Microbes In Ocean 'Plastisphere'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Jun 27, 2013 20:12 EST

Scientists have discovered a diverse multitude of microbes colonizing and thriving on flecks of plastic that have polluted the oceans—a vast new human-made flotilla of microbial communities that they have dubbed the "plastisphere." In a study recently published online in Environmental...
 
Researchers: Resourceful Microbes Reign In World's Oceans, Devoid Of 'Genomic Pork'
East Boothbay, Maine - Jun 25, 2013 19:29 EST

research team led by Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences has discovered that marine microbes are adapted to very narrow and specialized niches in their environment. This may explain why so few of these microbes—usually less than 1%—can be grown for...
 
Researchers Uncover Fatal Attraction: Dolphins Choking On Fish, Fishing Line
Orlando, Florida - Jun 24, 2013 20:26 EST

A team of scientists from SeaWorld and the Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute has uncovered an unusual cause of death among bottlenose dolphins in Florida's Indian River Lagoon: asphyxiation (choking) by ingestion of certain fish. "This is the first study documenting a statistically...
 
Scientists 'tailing' Spiny Lobster Larvae To Protect Them; 'Larval Lobster Credits' A 'Viable Cooperative Management Strategy'
Miami, Florida - Jun 14, 2013 19:25 EST

The commercial value of spiny lobster (Panulirus argus) in the Caribbean reaches $1 billion annually, thus making it one of the most valuable fisheries in the region. In a new study of this iconic species, Ph.D. candidate Andrew Kough and...
 
Researchers Developing Techniques For Tuna Aquaculture In U.S.; 'There Is A Lot Of Commercial Potential'
Kingston, Rhode Island - Jun 13, 2013 19:22 EST

Swimming around and around in a 20,000 gallon tank at the University of Rhode Island's Bay Campus are several large yellowfin tuna captured last fall about 100 miles off the Rhode Island coast. The fish are part of the first...
 
Study Questions Iron Seeding For Ocean C02 Sequestration; Phytoplankton 'Hogging The Food'
Lemont, Illinois - Jun 12, 2013 20:01 EST

A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels. These blooms contain iron-eating microscopic phytoplankton that absorb C02 from the air...
 
Study: 'Living Fossil' Sturgeons Evolving At Rapid Pace; 'They're Kind Of An Outlier'
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Jun 7, 2013 16:28 EST

Efforts to restore sturgeon in the Great Lakes region have received a lot of attention in recent years, and many of the news stories note that the prehistoric-looking fish are "living fossils" virtually unchanged for millions of years. But a new...
 
Scientists Confirm Theory Regarding The Origins Of The Sucking Disc Of Remoras
Washington, D.C. - Jun 6, 2013 20:35 EST

Remora fish, with a sucking disc on top of their heads, have been the stuff of legend. They often attach themselves to the hulls of boats and in ancient times were thought to purposely slow the boat down. While that...
 
Researchers Discover A New Way Fish Camouflage Themselves In The Ocean
Austin, Texas - Jun 4, 2013 23:30 EST

Fish can hide in the open ocean by manipulating how light reflects off their skin, according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin. The discovery could someday lead to the development of new camouflage materials for use in...
 
Researchers: Sharks Worth More Alive Than Dead; Ecotourism Netting Over $314 Million Annually
Vancouver, BC - May 31, 2013 20:40 EST

Sharks are worth more in the ocean than in a bowl of soup, according to researchers from the University of British Columbia. A new study, published today in Oryx – The International Journal of Conservation, shows that shark ecotourism currently generates...
 
Atlantic Research Expedition Uncovers Vast Methane-Based Ecosystem In The Deep Atlantic; 'Our Biggest Discovery'
Wilmington, North Carolina - May 29, 2013 19:05 EST

A marine research expedition sponsored by the U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has led to the discovery of perhaps the world's largest methane cold seep by two university-based research teams...
 
Scientists Find Possible Solution To An Ancient Enigma: What Happened To The Stromatolites?
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - May 28, 2013 20:38 EST

The widespread disappearance of stromatolites, the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth, may have been driven by single-celled organisms called foraminifera. The findings, by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI); Massachusetts Institute of Technology; the University of Connecticut; Harvard...
 
Study: U.S. Equipped To Grow Serious Pond Scum For Fuel; 'Part Of The Solution To Our Energy Needs'
Richland, Washington - May 23, 2013 19:44 EST

A new analysis shows that the nation's land and water resources could likely support the growth of enough algae to produce up to 25 billion gallons of algae-based fuel a year in the United States, one-twelfth of the country's yearly...
 
Study Reveals How Fishing Gear Can Cause Slow Death Of Whales; 'Added Buoyancy, Added Drag, And Reduced Swimming Speed'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - May 21, 2013 19:24 EST

Using a "patient monitoring" device attached to a whale entangled in fishing gear, scientists showed for the first time how fishing lines changed a whale's diving and swimming behavior. The monitoring revealed how fishing gear hinders whales' ability to eat...
 
Study: Amazon River Exhales Virtually All Carbon Taken Up By Rain Forest; 'Rivers Were Once Thought Of As Passive Pipes'
Seattle, Washington - May 20, 2013 19:06 EST

The Amazon rain forest, popularly known as the lungs of the planet, inhales carbon dioxide as it exudes oxygen. Plants use carbon dioxide from the air to grow parts that eventually fall to the ground to decompose or get washed...
 
Scientists Discover New Bass Species In Florida; 'It Found Us'
Tallahassee, Florida - May 7, 2013 19:53 EST

Scientists with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) have uncovered a new species of black bass in the southeastern United States. Scientists have proposed naming the new species the Choctaw bass and recommended the scientific name ofMicropterus haiaka....
 
Scientists Uncover Relationship Between Lavas Erupting On Sea Floor And Deep-Carbon Cycle
Washington, D.C. - May 2, 2013 17:10 EST

Scientists from the Smithsonian and the University of Rhode Island have found unsuspected linkages between the oxidation state of iron in volcanic rocks and variations in the chemistry of the deep Earth. Not only do the trends run counter to...
 
Research: Health Defects Found In Fish Exposed To Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill; Effect 'Can Take Time To Emerge'
Davis, California - May 1, 2013 14:33 EST

Three years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, crude oil toxicity continues to sicken a sentinel Gulf Coast fish species, according to new findings from a research team that includes a University of California, Davis,...
 
NOAA: Sea Surface Temperatures Reach Highest Level In 150 Years On Northeast Continental Shelf; 'The Ecosystem Is Changing'
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Apr 26, 2013 19:42 EST

Sea surface temperatures in the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem during 2012 were the highest recorded in 150 years, according to the latest Ecosystem Advisory issued by NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC). These high sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are...
 
'Flipperbot' And Baby Sea Turtles Reveal Principles Of Motion In 'Complex, Yielding Substrates'
Atlanta, Georgia - Apr 26, 2013 19:26 EST

For sea turtle hatchlings struggling to reach the ocean, success may depend on having flexible wrists that allow them to move without disturbing too much sand. A similar wrist also helps a robot known as "FlipperBot" move through a test...
 
Biologist Reveals Why Guppies Jump: To Get To The Other Side Of The Stream
College Park, Maryland - Apr 25, 2013 19:38 EST

If you've owned a pet guppy, you know they often jump out of their tanks. Many a child has asked why the guppy jumped; many a parent has been stumped for an answer. Now a study by University of Maryland...
 
Scientists: 'Surprise' As Bottom-Dwelling Goosefish Eat Deep-Diving Puffins
Woods Hole, Massachusetts - Apr 11, 2013 21:11 EST

A recent study has shown that bottom-dwelling goosefish, also known as monkfish, prey on dovekies, a small Arctic seabird and the smallest member of the puffin family. To understand how this deep-water fish finds a shallow-feeding bird in offshore waters,...
 
Scientists: Record-Breaking Bloom In Lake Erie Triggered By 'Perfect Storm' Of Events; Factors 'All Related To Humans'
Arlington, Virginia - Apr 11, 2013 20:53 EST

A 2011 record-breaking algae bloom in Lake Erie was triggered by long-term agricultural practices coupled with extreme precipitation, followed by weak lake circulation and warm temperatures, scientists have discovered. The researchers also predict that, unless agricultural policies change, the lake...
 
Expert: Gulf Of Mexico Has Greater-Than-Believed Ability To Self-Cleanse Oil Spills
New Orleans, Louisiana - Apr 11, 2013 20:44 EST

The Gulf of Mexico may have a much greater natural ability to self-clean oil spills than previously believed, an expert in bioremediation said here today at the 245th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's...
 
Scientists Seeks Sea Urchin's Secret To Surviving Ocean Acidification; 'Almost No Negative Effects'
Palo Alto, California - Apr 9, 2013 21:00 EST

Stanford scientists have discovered that some purple sea urchins living along the coast of California and Oregon have the surprising ability to rapidly evolve in acidic ocean water – a capacity that may come in handy as climate change increases...
 
Record-Breaking 2011 Lake Erie Algae Bloom May Be Sign Of Things To Come
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Apr 4, 2013 17:52 EST

The largest harmful algae bloom in Lake Erie's recorded history was likely caused by the confluence of changing farming practices and weather conditions that are expected to become more common in the future due to climate change. Rather than an isolated,...
 
Researchers Unveil Large Robotic Jellyfish That One Day Could Patrol Oceans
Blacksburg, Virginia - Mar 28, 2013 19:25 EST

Virginia Tech College of Engineering researchers have unveiled a life-like, autonomous robotic jellyfish the size and weight of a grown man, 5 foot 7 inches in length and weighing 170 pounds. The prototype robot, nicknamed Cyro, is a larger model of...
 
Scientists Confirm First-Ever Two-Headed Bull Shark; Connection To Deepwater Horizon Spill Denied
East Lansing, Michigan - Mar 25, 2013 17:03 EST

Scientists have confirmed the discovery of the first-ever, two-headed bull shark. The study, led by Michigan State University and appearing in the Journal of Fish Biology, confirmed the specimen, found in the Gulf of Mexico April 7, 2011, was a single...
 
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